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Edible Oilseeds Production in Tanzania: The Case of Sunflower and Sesame

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... Sub-sector is not yet insulated from global supply shocks. ... END TEOSA Towards a competitive Tanzania edible oil industry Tanzania Edible Oilseeds Actors ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Edible Oilseeds Production in Tanzania: The Case of Sunflower and Sesame


1
Edible Oilseeds Production in Tanzania The Case
of Sunflower and Sesame
TEOSA
SEPTEMBER 2012
2
PRESENTATION OUTLINE
  • Background
  • Findings
  • Conclusions
  • Recommendations

3
BACKGROUND
  • Importance of Edible Oils
  • Essential for normal health of cells (body)
    growth.
  • Intake is measured as Fat-to-energy ratio (FER)
  • Findings by FAO FER range between 7 - 40
  • Minimum recommended is 15 21Kgs/capita per
    annum
  • NOTE Excessive intake poses health risks too.

4
BACKGROUND
  • Sources of Edible Oils Tanzania
  • Imported
  • crude palm oils refined in Tz
  • finished palm oil
  • others oils
  • Domestic source
  • Sunflower Oil
  • Cotton seed Oil
  • Palm Oil
  • Others (E.g. Simsim)

5
FINDINGS
  • Imports of palm-based oils in Mt
  • SourceTRA

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Crude oil 3,000 48,654 126,151 125,851 146,473
Palm olein Fractions crude - 17 - - -
Other palm fractions crude 2 17 - 128 -
Palm oil (excl.crude)its fractns, refined or not but not chemically modified 74 367 57 184 -
Palm olein,RBD For industrial use 248,884 103,175 31,125 66,931 61,069
Palm stearin,RBD For industrial use 63,245 22,439 125 1 -
Palm olein, RBD 6,278 6,950 7,056 11,593 24,861
Palm stearin, RBD 3,348 450 3,550 4,212 2,087
Other palm olein products 1,131 946 1,410 3,597 423
TOTAL 325,962 183,016 169,473 212,496 234,912
6
FINDINGS
  • Domestic Sunflower Sesame production trend
  • Source MAFC

7
FINDINGS - MAFC
  • Domestic Sunflower production growth rates
  • Source MAFC

8
FINDINGS 2002/03 2007/08 CENSUS
  • Sunflower
  • Key

Change between Censuses Change between Censuses
Production 1,289.0
Hectares 210.0
Households 164.0
Yield 44.0
9
FINDINGS 2002/03 2007/08 CENSUS
  • Sesame
  • Key

Changes between Censuses Changes between Censuses
Production 160.7
Hectares 104.1
Households 64.9
Yield 27.7
10
ANALYSIS
  • Projections from Inter-censal growth rates -
    Sunflower
  • r annual growth rate
  • n number of years
  • Q2002/03 53,278mt
  • Q2007/08 238,663mt
  • r
  • Using r 0.34973 Q2011/12

0.34973
792,086
11
ANALYSIS
  • Projections from Inter-censal growth rates -
    Sesame
  • r annual growth rate
  • n number of years
  • Q2002/03 22,675mt
  • Q2007/08 59,103mt
  • r
  • Using r 0.34973 Q2011/12

0.2112
127,196mt
12
ANALYSIS
  • Edible oil account structure

13
ANALYSIS
  • Edible Oil Account (Quantity n Mt)
  • Source MAFC, TRA

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Imports
Palm-based 325,962 183,016 169,473 212,496 234,912
Other oils 37,256 28,347 33,205 47,166 51,787
Total imports 363,218 211,363 202,678 259,662 286,699
Domestic production
Sunlfower (at 32.5 recovery rate) 120,186 135,953 52,656 113,385 255,743
Palm oil 10,667 11,797 12,040 13,268 16,110
Cotton oil n.a. n.a. m.a.. 16,121 n.a..
Sub-total 130,853 147,750 64,696 142,774 271,853
Total 494,071 359,113 267,374 402,436 558,552
Percent of domestic sources 26.5 41.1 24.2 35.5 48.7
14
ANALYSIS
  • Movement in edible oil account (Quantity n Mt)
  • Source MAFC, TRA

15
CONCLUSIONS Opportunities in the Edible Industry
  • Government Policies Growing recognition of the
    strategic role of edible oilseeds in the economy
    by the Government e.g.
  • VAT waiver on domestically processed edible oils
  • Subsidy in planting seeds under ASDP
  • Devising parallel standards for edible oils to
    allow SMEs access markets, etc
  • Agricultural Sector Development Strategy,
    Agricultural Marketing Policy, Tanzania Industry
    Strategy, Southern Agriculture Growth Corridor of
    Tanzania (SAGCOT)
  • Kilimo Kwanza Resolution, etc.

16
CONCLUSIONS Opportunities in the Edible Industry
  • Development partners There is solid support by
    development partner NGOs e.g. RLDC, SNV, Aga Khan
    and VECO. Building value chain actors bodies to
    promote the sector.
  • Private Sector Growth in investment by private
    sector and emergence of actors associations e.g.
    CEZOSOPA, TASUPA, TEOSA, etc.
  • Technology Scalability of oil pressing
    technology allows broad/rural - based value
    addition.

17
CONCLUSIONS Challenges Facing the Sub-Sector
  • Production
  • Yield is still very low, it is feasible to
    produce up to 2 3 times under good agriculture
    practices.
  • Limited RD activities on planting materials and
    plant health management.
  • Marketing
  • Trade is non-structured, seeds are not graded and
    there is rampant use of non-standard measurements
    and packages
  • High post-harvest losses due to lack of
    appropriate storage facilities
  • Sub-sector is not yet insulated from global
    supply shocks.

18
CONCLUSIONS Challenges Facing the Sub-Sector
  • Processing Technology Lack of standards and
    enforcement mechanism for oil expelling
    technology.
  • Lack of small scale oil refining technology for
    products to conform to TFDA requirements
  • Packaging materials not readily accessible.

19
RECOMMENDATIONS Recommendations for Short-term
  • In the short-run
  • There is an urgent need to strengthen emerging
    edible oil seeds actor bodies especially TEOSA
  • The sub-sector should have anchor departments at
    two key Ministries of Agriculture and Industry to
    have a common strategy.
  • Build TEOSAs capacity particularly on knowledge
    and information management which is pre-cursor to
    effective services to members, advocacy and
    dialogue with the Government.

20
RECOMMENDATIONS Recommendations for Short-term
  • In the medium and long-term
  • Position the domestic edible oil sub-sector in
    the regional (EAC and SADC) market for edible
    oils
  • Development of linkages e.g. to livestock and
    export market for seedcake.
  • Advocate for establishment of Tanzania Edible Oil
    Development Board under PPP framework to oversee
    the growth of the sector.

21
END
TEOSA Towards a competitive Tanzania edible oil
industry
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