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Museum Entrance


Weapons and Technology. [World War 2 ] Room One Artifact 22 Room Four Room Two Room Three Artifact 23 Back Wall Artifact Museum Entrance Room Five Curator s – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Museum Entrance

Museum Entrance
Weapons and Technology. World War 2
Artifact 22
Artifact 23
Back Wall Artifact
Room Two
Room Three
Room One
Room Four
Room Five
Curators Offices
Curators Office
Young, Handsome, And always on task. Always been
interested in social studies and has love for
Place your picture here.
Contact me at Your linked email address
Return to Entry
Note Virtual museums were first introduced by
educators at Keith Valley Middle School in
Horsham, Pennsylvania. This template was designed
by Dr. Christy Keeler. View the Educational
Virtual Museums website for more information on
this instructional technique.
Room 1
Room 1 Technology
Return to Entry
Room 2
Room 2 Weapons
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Room 3
Room 3 Weapons
Return to Entry
Room 4
Room 4 Technolgy
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Room 5
Room 5 Weapons
Artifact 21
Return to Entry
Artifact 1
The entire technology of radar, which is the
ability to use radio waves to detect objects at a
distance, was barely invented at the start of the
war but became highly developed in just a few
years at sites like the Radiation Laboratory at
MIT. By allowing people to see remotely, at
very long distances, radar made the idea of
surprise attack virtually obsolete and vastly
enlarged the arena of modern warfare (todays
radars can see potential attackers from thousands
of miles away). Radar allowed nations to track
incoming air attacks, guided bombers to their
targets, and directed anti-aircraft guns toward
airplanes flying high above. Researchers not only
constructed the radars, but also devised
countermeasures during their bombing raids,
Allied bombers dropped thousands of tiny strips
of tinfoil, code-named window and chaff to
jam enemy radar. The military found other uses
for radar. Meteorologists, for example, could
track storms with this new technologya crucial
skill to have when planning major military
operations like D-Day.
Return to Exhibit
Artifact 2
Penicillin was not invented during the war, but
it was first mass produced during the war, the
key to making it available to millions of people
(during World War II it was mostly used to treat
the venereal diseases gonorrhea and syphilis,
which had been the scourge of armies for
thousands of years). It was also the precursor
to the antibiotics that we take today to keep
simple infections from becoming life-threatening
illnesses. Medicines against tropical diseases
like malaria also became critical for the United
States to fight in tropical climates like the
South Pacific.
Linked citation goes here
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Artifact 3
We can point to numerous new inventions and
scientific principles that emerged during the
war. These include advances in rocketry,
pioneered by Nazi Germany. The V-1 or buzz bomb
was an automatic aircraft (today known as a
cruise missile) and the V-2 was a ballistic
missile that flew into space before falling down
on its target (both were rained on London during
1944-45, killing thousands of civilians). The
rocket team that developed these weapons for
Germany were brought to the United States after
World War II, settled in Huntsville, Alabama,
under their leader Wernher von Braun, and then
helped to build the rockets that sent American
astronauts into space and to the moon. Electronic
computers were developed by the British for
breaking the Nazi Enigma codes, and by the
Americans for calculating ballistics and other
battlefield equations. Numerous small
computersfrom hand-held calculating tables
made out of cardboard, to mechanical trajectory
calculators, to some of the earliest electronic
digital computers, could be found in everything
from soldiers pockets to large command and
control centers. Early control centers aboard
ships and aircraft pioneered the networked,
interactive computing that is so central to our
lives today.
Linked citation goes here
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(4) Rocket
In the early 1930s, the German military began
seeking out new weapons which would not violate
the terms of the Treaty of Versailles. Assigned
to aid in this cause, Captain Walter Dornberger,
an artilleryman by trade, was ordered to
investigate the feasibility of rockets.
Return to Exhibit
(5) Propaganda
The propaganda used by the Nazi Party in the
years leading up to and during Adolf Hitler's
leadership of Germany (19331945) was a crucial
instrument for acquiring and maintaining power,
and for the implementation of Nazi policies,
including the pursuit of total war and the
extermination of millions of people in the
Holocaust. The pervasive use of propaganda by the
Nazis is largely responsible for the word
"propaganda" itself acquiring its present
negative connotations.
Linked citation goes here
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(6) German Blitz
The streets below us were semi-illuminated from
the glow. Immediately above the fires the sky was
red and angry, and overhead, making a ceiling in
the vast heavens, there was a cloud of smoke all
in pink. Up in that pink shrouding there were
tiny, brilliant specks of flashing
light-antiaircraft shells bursting. After the
flash you could hear the sound.
Linked citation goes here
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(7) M1 Rifle
an authentic U.S. Government rifle that has been
inspected, head spaced, repaired if necessary and
test fired for function. Each rifle is shipped
with safety manual, one eight-round clip and
chamber safety flag. Orders are filled on a
first-come first serve basis. Rifles of all
grades are packed for shipment purely by "luck of
the draw".
Return to Exhibit
(8) Hiroshima Bomb
The bomb exploded over Hiroshima at 815 on the
morning of August 6, 1945. About an hour
previously, the Japanese early warning radar net
had detected the approach of some American
aircraft headed for the southern part of Japan.
The alert had been given and radio broadcasting
stopped in many cities, among them Hiroshima. The
planes approached the coast at a very high
altitude. At nearly 800 A.M., the radar operator
in Hiroshima determined that the number of planes
coming in was very small - probably not more than
three - and the air raid alert was lifted. The
normal radio broadcast warning was given to the
people that it might be advisable to go to
shelter if B-29's were actually sighted, but no
raid was expected beyond some sort of
reconnaissance. At 815 A.M., the bomb exploded
with a blinding flash in the sky, and a great
rush of air and a loud rumble of noise extended
for many miles around the city the first blast
was soon followed by the sounds of falling
buildings and of growing fires, and a great cloud
of dust and smoke began to cast a pall of
darkness over the city.
Return to Exhibit
(9) Jagdpanther
German translation Hunting Panther This tank
was manufactured by Germany during WWII. Though
it did enter until later in the war, the
Jagdpanther saw action on both the Eastern and
Western front. The heavy fire power of this
tank, (8.8 cm Kwk 43 cannon), combined with the
Panther chassis, is why some historians consider
this tank to be one of the top tank destroyers of
Linked citation goes here
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Machine Pistol 43
produced a semi or fully automatic assault rifle.
The machine pistol 43 (Sturmgewehrstorm rifle)
had shorter range than most rifles, a less
powerful bullet. It's compact form made it more
controllable and proved very effective on
Russia's, eastern front. Although referred to as
a rifle, it  had the qualities of a sub-machine
Return to Exhibit
The U.S. grenade was made of cast iron and
grooved to improve the grasp of the throwing hand
and increase its deadly fragments ("frag
grenade"). Its pineapple appearance gave rise to
that popular description of the grenade.
Return to Exhibit
Flame Thrower
The Germans introduced the flame thrower in world
War 1. The technology which had been based on
portable tanks or canisters filled with gasoline
carried by the infantryman was now also added to
the tank's arsenal. In the Pacific Theater, the
flame thrower was used by Americans and Japanese
effectively against foxholes, caves, pill boxes
with the hidden soldier as a target.
Return to Exhibit
Jerry can
Called the Wehrmachtskanister by the Germans, the
Jerrycan is a robust container designed for
carrying fuel around. It was invented at the
bequest of Hitler to provide a way of
transporting fuel by hand. The clever design was
reverse engineered by the Allies and put into
service to replace their existing canisters,
which were easy to puncture.
Return to Exhibit
Gee Navigation
After the war Dippy moved to the US, where he
worked on the successor system, LORAN (LOng RAnge
Navigation), which had a range of 1,200 miles.
This radio based navigation system was used
around the world in conjunction with VOR
beacon-based navigation and has only recently
been phased out due the popularity and increased
accuracy of GPS. However, there are campaigns to
get funding back into the LORAN system, so that
it can be used as a backup should GPS fail. From
Bomber Command's desire to strike back at Germany
came the very first radio navigation system and
the start of modern accurate direction finding.
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Chain Home
One of the first deployments of Radar was in the
Chain Home system, designed to act as an early
warning of attacks. It was primitive and looked
nothing like other radar systems. It had no
rotating dishes and the transmitters were fixed
wire strung between 110m-high towers. Receivers
were mounted on 75m tall wooden poles. With these
towers erected along Britain's coast from
Portsmouth to Orkney Islands, the coast was
covered. While there were some problems, the
system gave an early warning of German attacks
and allowed the RAF to accurately scramble
fighter responses.
Return to Exhibit
The V-2 is the ancestor of all modern rockets,
and is related to the vehicles that launched
Sputnik and put the first American in space - the
Soviet R-7 and US Mercury-Redstone. This was no
accident after the war both the US and Russia
appropriated V-2 missiles and related equipment,
and both powers hired former V-2 engineers to
help with their missile programs. Although
rockets had been used in warfare for hundreds of
years, traditional solid fuel didn't have the
energy density needed to propel a vehicle for
hundreds of miles, and made it impossible to
throttle the thrust. Rockets were also far too
inaccurate to hit a target on another landmass.
The V2 counteracted this with two major
innovations liquid propellant and inertial
Return to Exhibit
The Nazi government maintained a secret
scientific site located in the north eastern
corner of Germany on Peenemunde, an island in
the Baltic Sea. The German scientists had
previously produced the V1 which was known as a
"flying bomb". An RAF airstrike on Peenemunde,
August 17.1943. was evidence that this secret
location had been revealed.
Linked citation goes here
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Anti war craft
As the war proceeded, both the Allies and Axis
armies were constantly innovating. We noted above
that the heavy Browning Automatic (BAR),
primarily aimed at land based targets, was
effective against low flying planes. The German
88 mm was also primarily an anti-tank weapon, but
excellent performing as an anti-aircraft gun.
Nevertheless, all the combatants utilized heavier
weapons as well with a greater ceiling range.
Linked citation goes here
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British submarines were also active. They sunk 2
million tons of shipping and 57 top of the line
warships. But they were at risk every moment at
sea. HMS Thorn sunk August 9, 1942. Below is a
periscope view from the USS Wahoo sinking the
enemy ship.
Linked citation goes here
Return to Exhibit
British submarines were also active. They sunk 2
million tons of shipping and 57 top of the line
warships. But they were at risk every moment at
sea. HMS Thorn sunk August 9, 1942. Below is a
periscope view from the USS Wahoo sinking the
enemy ship.
Linked citation goes here
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Artifact 21
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Linked citation goes here
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Artifact 22
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Artifact 23
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Back Wall Artifact
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