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The Wonderful World of Literature


The Wonderful World of Literature Part IV ... We few, we happy few, we band of brothers. Double, double, toil and trouble; fire burn and cauldron bubble. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Wonderful World of Literature

The Wonderful World of Literature
  • Part IV -- Shakespeare and The Bible

When in doubt
  • Its from Shakespeare
  • Any Literature between the 18th and 21st
    centuries is dominated by the Bard.

Famous Lines
  • To thine own self be true.
  • All the worlds a stage, and all the men and
    women merely players.
  • Whats in a name? That which we call a rose by
    any other word would smell as sweet.
  • What a rogue and peasant slave am I.
  • Good night, sweet prince, and flights of angels
    sing thee to thy rest.

  • Get thee to a nunnery!
  • Who steals my purse steals trash.
  • Life is a tale told by an idiot, full of sound
    and fury, signifying nothing.
  • The better part of valor is discretion.
  • A horse! A horse! My kingdom for a horse!
  • We few, we happy few, we band of brothers.

  • Double, double, toil and trouble fire burn and
    cauldron bubble.
  • By the pricking of my thumbs, something wicked
    this way comes.
  • O brave new world, that has such people in it.
  • To be or not to be, that is the question.

If not Shakespeare
  • Its from The Bible.
  • Garden, serpent, plagues, flood, parting of
    waters, loaves, fish, forty days, betrayal,
    denial, slavery and escape, fatted calves, milk
    and honey.

Writers use scripture ALL the time
  • Stories of the Apocalypse.
  • The Four Horsemen
  • The pale (or green) horse is Death.
  • Clint Eastwood -- Pale Rider

  • Loss of innocence
  • In Araby, this could be The Fall.
  • Every story about the loss of innocence is really
    about someones private reenactment of the fall
    from grace.

Here goes
  • A young boy (11, 12, or 13 years old) has
    experienced a life of safetyuncomplicatedlimited
    to attending school, playing in the street, when
  • He discovers girls.

Early adolescence
  • The narrator has no way of dealing with the
    object of desireor even to recognize that what
    he feels is desire.
  • His culture does all it can to separate boys and
  • He promises to buy this girl something from Araby
  • She cant go because of a religious retreat at
    her school.

  • After many delays and much frustration, he
    arrives at the bazaar just as it is closing.
  • He finds a stall openturns away from what he
    sees and suddenly recognizes
  • he sees he is no different from anyonethat the
    girl is averagethat hes been a foolthat the
    girl has never really thought about him.

Loss of innocence, fine
  • but The Fall?
  • No serpent, no apple, no garden.
  • OOPS!
  • But
  • The doors are protected by two great jars.
  • So what? So what you say?

  • Theyre described as being like two eastern
  • Genesis 324 -- So he drove out the man and
    he placed at the east of the Garden of Eden,
    Cherubim, and a flaming sword which turned every
    way, to keep the way of the tree of life.

  • The swords keep man from a former innocence.
  • And this is a loss-of-innocence story.
  • Its harsh because these stories are so final.
  • You can NEVER go backthats why the narrator is
    so upsethis childhood and innocence is gone
  • Authors know their religion.