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Latin America

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Latin America AP World History Latin America - Mexico 1810 Father Hidalgo (Catholic Priest) wanted political freedom, to end slavery, and improve living ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Latin America


1
Latin America
  • AP World History

2
Latin America - Mexico
  • 1810 Father Hidalgo (Catholic Priest) wanted
    political freedom, to end slavery, and improve
    living conditions for Mexicos poor
  • September 16, 1810 gives address called el
    Grito de Delores (Cry of Delores)
  • Leads Native Americans mestizos in armed
    movement
  • 1811 insurrection is put down by Spanish army
  • Hidalgo is captured and executed

3
Latin America - Mexico
  • 1813 Jose Maria Morelos (Catholic priest)
    declares independence takes over after Hidalgo
  • Captures large portion of southern Mexico
  • 1815 is ultimately defeated by the Spanish
    executed

4
Latin America - Mexico
  • 1821- full independence is granted after creoles
    declare independence
  • Led by Augustin de Iturbide
  • Made himself emperor
  • Was deposed in 1823
  • Mexico declares itself a republic in 1823
  • Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras
    soon follow
  • Mexico unique because of lack of immigrant
    population

5
Latin America - Mexico
  • 1876 Porfirio Diaz begins 35 year rule of
    Mexico (eliminated opposition, but encouraged
    economic growth)
  • 1910 Middle class begins movement for election
    reform escalates into 10 year rebellion
    (Mexican Revolution)
  • 1921 New constitution written limited foreign
    investment, restricted church ownership of
    property, education reform

6
Latin America South America
  • 1810 - Simon Bolivar (Creole from Venezuela)
    known as the liberator starts a revolt in
    northern South America
  • Leads to independence of Venezuela, Colombia,
    Panama, Bolivia, Ecuador (was Gran Colombia)
  • 1826 all of South America has been liberated by
    Bolivar

7
Independence of Haiti
  • Led mainly by Francois Toussaint-Louverture
  • Early 1790s unrest from brutal rule of French
    leads to revolt

8
Francois Toussaint-Louverture
Haitian Flag (white removed from French flag)
9
Latin America - Brazil
  • 1808 Napoleon invades Portugal King João
    royal family flee to Brazil (monarchy is
    transferred)
  • João was a liberal ruler - brought reforms in
    education, military academies, art medicine
  • Rio de Janeiro is made the capital
  • Dom Pedro (son of João) rules after King returns
    to Portugal
  • September 1822 won full independence and
    chooses constitutional monarchy as form of
    government
  • Did not have to endure a prolonged, bloody
    revoution

10
Latin American - Problems
  • Geography hindered trade, commerce,
    transportation and economy
  • Colonial heritage not ready for independence
  • Rigid Social Order
  • Peninsulares Europeans born in Spain
  • Creoles colonial born white aristocrats
    (dominated society)
  • Mestizos / Mulattos mixes of Europeans and
    Indians or slaves
  • Indians / Descendants of slaves
  • Slave uprising in Haiti eventually earns them
    independence (1790s)
  • Catholicism dominated daily life

11
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