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Lesson 1: Governance and Democracy

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Lesson 1: Governance and Democracy What is government? The people and institutions put in place to run or govern a country, state, province or community. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Lesson 1: Governance and Democracy


1
  • Lesson 1 Governance and Democracy

2
What is government?
  • The people and institutions put in place to run
    or govern a country, state, province or
    community.
  • The role of government is to make decisions and
    regulations (laws) for the people for whom it is
    responsible.
  • The purpose of government is to protect its
    citizens and provide services to support them.

3
How do governments compare?
  • There are different types governments around the
    world and they can be compared in the following
    ways
  • a) Who receives power
  • b) How they are formed
  • c) The rights and freedoms given to citizens

4
Autocratic Government
  • A system of government run by a ruler with total
    power and authority over all aspects of life.
  • The ruler is called a dictator and often has the
    support of the military without the consent of
    the people.
  • Individual rights, freedoms and liberties are
    restrictive or non-existent, and human rights
    abuses are common.
  • High level of security and restricted media.
  • Examples North Korea, Syria, Kazakhstan.

5
Oligarchy
  • A system of government where the power rests with
    a few people.
  • Power is determined by family or wealth.
  • Citizens have some rights and freedoms.
  • Examples Saudi Arabia, Kuwait.

6
Democratic Government
  • A system of government in which power is retained
    by all the people, either directly or indirectly
    through elected representatives.
  • Citizens have access to power and these countries
    have free and fair elections.
  • Generally free societies where citizens have
    guaranteed rights and freedoms.
  • Examples Canada, United States, Japan, Germany.

7
Theocratic Government
  • A system of government where a god or deity is
    recognized as the supreme civil ruler.
  • Government policy is determined by religious
    leaders who are seen to be directly guided by a
    god or deity.
  • Laws are interpreted by religious authorities,
    such as bishops or mullahs, and are enforced by
    religious officials.
  • Examples Iran, Vatican City.

8
Canadas Government
  • Canada is a parliamentary democracy, which means
    we elect people to represent us in our parliament
    and legislatures.
  • Canada is also a constitutional monarchy, which
    means that the monarch (the Queen) is our head of
    state.
  • The powers of the monarchy in Canada are limited
    by the Constitution. The Queen abides by the
    decisions of the Canadian Government, but she
    continues to play important ceremonial and
    symbolic roles.

9
Quotes about Democracy
  • It has been said that democracy is the worst
    form of government except for all the others that
    have been tried.
  • Winston Churchill
  • I understand democracy as something that gives
    the weak the same chance as the strong.
  • Mohandas Gandhi

10
Final Thoughts
  • Why is democracy important?
  • What does democracy mean to you?
  • How can democracy fail? Does it fail if citizens
    do not participate? Does it fail if elected
    representatives do not effectively represent the
    people?
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