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Study Guide for Final Exam

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Study Guide for Final Exam What Smart Students Know – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Study Guide for Final Exam


1
Study Guide for Final Exam
  • What Smart Students Know

2
Whats my purpose for reading this?
  • You know WHY you are reading
  • You know what you are looking for

3
What do I already know about this topic?
  • Starts the process of generating questions
  • Makes you aware of what you know and dont know
  • Puts you on the look-out for new information
  • Provides practice in resourceful thinking
  • It acts as a review
  • It makes you the authority

4
Whats the Big Picture?
  • Find the following
  • Main ideas and themes
  • Important terms and concepts
  • Overall organization

5
Whats the Author Going to Say Next?
  • This helps you interact with the text
  • It helps you anticipate what is comingmakes it a
    game

6
What are the Expert Questions?
  • What is this made of?
  • How can this be identified?
  • What process causes this?
  • Where is this usually found?
  • What can I tell about the history of this?

7
Orientation Questions
  • What is the definition of this?
  • What is an example of this?
  • What are the different types of this?
  • What is this related to?
  • What can this be compared with?

8
What Questions Does This Raise For Me?
  • Be aware of the questions that come into your
    mind.
  • Who, what, when, where, why and how

9
What Information is Important Here?
  • 80/20 ruleAKA Paretos Principle
  • In reading
  • Beginning and end
  • Anything emphasized graphically
  • The gist of a chart or a diagram
  • The chapter summary

10
  • In a lecture
  • Beginning and end
  • Anything that goes on the board
  • Anything your teacher repeats, emphasizes,
    stresses
  • Your teachers use of language
  • How your teacher responds to ?s or comments from
    the class
  • Your thoughts, reactions, questions
  • Anything said after a pause, takes a long time to
    say, is hard to explain

11
  • Anything your teacher covers that is not in the
    book (or disagrees with)
  • Whether she concentrates on details or the big
    picture
  • If she refers to previously covered material
  • Questions your teacher raises but does not answer
  • Anything in handouts

12
How Can I Paraphrase and Summarize This
Information?
  • Use your own words
  • Use few words
  • Main ideas
  • Important details
  • Anything in pictures/colored ink

13
How Can I Organize This Information
  • Group and regroup
  • Similarities and differences
  • What items depend on each other
  • How do they compare in terms of orientation and
    expert questions

14
How Can I Picture This Information
  • Use techniques to emphasize relationships
  • Be creative but not too creative
  • Dont use traditional outlines
  • Dont rely on books or teachers
    pictures---CREATE YOUR OWN
  • You cant make everything visualtry anyway

15
Whats My Hook for Remembering this Information?
  • Hooks (mnemonics)
  • Pictures
  • Patterns
  • Rhymes
  • Stories

16
  • Keys
  • Understand it
  • Create a hook
  • Link it
  • Dont bite off more than you can chew
  • Get emotionally involved
  • Engage as many senses as possible
  • Smell the roses
  • Sleep on it
  • Use it or lose it
  • Quiz yourself periodically

17
How Does This Information Fit with What I Already
Know?
  • Connect this information with something you
    already know
  • Condense your notes, handouts into a one page
    summary sheet

18
Test Rehearsal
  • Size up the examwhat
  • Where are the questions from
  • Is it cumulative
  • Main ideas, themes, details??
  • Factual or analytical
  • Choice of questions?
  • What level of expertise is required
  • Essay or multiple choice

19
How
  • Ask your teacher
  • Review previous exams
  • Ask someone who has already taken the class
  • Look at lecture notes
  • Attend any review sessions
  • Skim over anything your teacher has written

20
  • Get overview
  • Review previous exams
  • Look at your original notes
  • Answer expert and orientation questions
  • Condense your summary sheet
  • Reconstruct the summary sheet from memory

21
Test Taking
  • Dont be afraid to ask for help if you get stuck
  • Take the questions at face value-do not try to
    look for hidden meaning
  • Read all choices on M.C. exams, dont just pick
    the first one you see that might be right.
  • Essay-1st Paragraph most important
  • 2nd Paragraph2nd most important

22
  • On an essay examif your are REALLY stuckreplace
    the question with one you CAN answerjust dont
    try this very often!!
  • NEVER, NEVER leave a question blank!

23
Tips To Help You Next Week
  • Put the question into your own wordsthis might
    jog your memory
  • If you get stuckmove onyour suconcious will
    continue to work on it while you work on other
    questions
  • Try to visualize where in the book (or in your
    notes) the info is
  • Write something-ANYTHING-other ideas may spring
    to mind

24
  • Think of a related question
  • Examine the wording for clues
  • If you dont know the exact answer, put down an
    approximation
  • If you dont know what something IS, try writing
    what it ISNT
  • If you run short on timeWrite SHORT ON TIME
    and answer in an outline

25
M.C. and T/F
  • Look for words like all, not, always, some,
    often few, never
  • Do not read between the lines
  • Read the ?-anticipate the answer-then find it in
    the choices you have
  • Use process of elimination
  • Read every choice
  • Skip it but come back if you do

26
  • Good Luck On Finals!!
  • Turn in your book before you leave today
  • Bring your study guide/outline to the final!!
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