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Chapter 7: How Did Geography and History Affect the Worldviews of the Aztec and Spanish?

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Chapter 7: How Did Geography and History Affect the Worldviews of the Aztec and Spanish? Reflect and Respond Page 253 1. List the qualities of Itzcoatl that made him ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 7: How Did Geography and History Affect the Worldviews of the Aztec and Spanish?


1
Chapter 7 How Did Geography and History Affect
the Worldviews of the Aztec and Spanish?
  • Reflect and Respond
  • Page 253

2
1. List the qualities of Itzcoatl that made him a
desirable leader. Would these qualities be
valuable to be an effective leader in Canada?
  • Ability to persuade formed alliance
  • Understood diplomacy maintained positive ties
    with his allies shared the tribute with them
  • Excellent military leader conquered city-states
    over vast areas created elite warrior group
    shrewd political leader established hierarchal
    social system This would secure the power of
    the royals.

3
2. During the reign of Itzcoatl, warriors became
an elite group in society? What does this
illustrate about the worldview of the Aztec?
  • Worldview belief that they were destined to be
    conquerors power equals military force.
  • Courage
  • Strength
  • Hierarchal Class Structure

4
3. The Aztec believed they needed to belong to
the Toltec in order to gain the respect of
neighbouring societies. Why did they believe this?
  • The societies who claimed a direct lineage to the
    Toltec were the most respected and held the
    greatest power in the Valley of Mexico.
  • Aztec understood other societies had to believe
    they were the noble descendents of the Toltec in
    order to be respected.
  • Power commonly comes from famous family lines.

5
4. How did the Aztec change form a wandering
tribe, who were looked down upon by most of the
people they encountered, to the most powerful
society in Mexico?
  • They learned the customs and traditions of the
    people they first had to serve and adapted them
    to their needs.
  • Through a series of marriage alliances could
    claim they were direct descendents of the Toltec
    and so were given respect.
  • Modeled a society based on militarism from the
    Toltec developed elite groups of ferocious
    warriors

6
4. How did the Aztec change form a wandering
tribe, who were looked down upon by most of the
people they encountered, to the most powerful
society in Mexico?...
  • Formed a triple alliance with the Texcoco and
    Tlacopan to fight their rivals.
  • Had and effective military strategy first
    conquered weaker societies around the stronger
    ones then attacked the isolated stronger ones.
  • Brutally put down any disobedience among those
    they conquered.

7
5. Life for the Aztec revolved around a culture
of war. Their goal was to rule the Valley of
Mexico. How might a culture based on war affect
the worldview of people?
  • Believed their society was superior to those they
    conquered
  • Believed they had inherent rights to the spoils
    of conquered people
  • Viewed the warrior as the most valuable members
    of society
  • Believed in survival of the fittest no mercy,
    no remorse

8
6. What were possible reasons for the Aztec to
allow their conquered city-states to maintain
their own societal norms and customs? Explain.
  • Aztec were not interested in assimilating
    different cultures into their own interested
    only in the tribute and having them worship
    Huitzilopochtli.
  • Lands were too far away and too many men would be
    required to enforce Aztec laws it was easier to
    allow the people to maintain their own forms of
    rule and customs.

9
6. What were possible reasons for the Aztec to
allow their conquered city-states to maintain
their own societal norms and customs? Explain
  • By allowing people to maintain their own
    lifestyles, there might be less animosity about
    the tribute.
  • They were following established rules of respect.

10
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