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WHO-ILO Occupational Safety and Health profiles in South East Europe

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profiles in South East Europe Prof. Dr Jovanka Karadzinska-Bislimovska Institute of Occupational Health, WHO Collaborating Center, Skopje, Republic of Macedonia – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: WHO-ILO Occupational Safety and Health profiles in South East Europe


1
WHO-ILO Occupational Safety and Health
profiles in South East Europe
  • Prof. Dr Jovanka Karadzinska-Bislimovska
  • Institute of Occupational Health,
  • WHO Collaborating Center,
  • Skopje,
  • Republic of Macedonia

2
Current situation
  • The levels of OSH risks at many workplaces in SEE
    are still unacceptable
  • Traditional risks
  • Newly emerging risks
  • Economic restructuring ( informal sector, SME ,
    unemployment)
  • The burden of diseases and disability and
    associated economic costs are high
  • high rate of premature deaths
  • 13 810 preventable cases of injuries
  • 4 billion US (4 of GDP) economic losses
  • There is need to strengthen countries capacities
    to deal with challenges in OSH
  • Acquis communautaire
  • Market economy and democracy
  • Equity and social justice

3
Current situation requirements and directions
  • Adaptation of policies and systems to the new
    political and socio-economic conditions - Reforms
    and EU orientation
  • Harmonization of laws with the requirements of
    the EU
  • Social dialogue -government, employers
    organizations,
  • trade unions, academic community,
    professional organizations, social insurance
    organizations
  • Human recourses and existed infrastructure- key
    potentials
  • Fundamental changes - managing OSH, establishment
    of modern OHS, promotion of modern, integrated
    labor inspection services, new mechanisms for
    social dialogue

4
Improving Occupational Safety and Health in
South East Europe ? WHO ? ILO ? IOE ?
ETUC ?SP ISC
  • The project aims at strengthening countries
    capacities to deal with OHS
  • Stimulating social dialogue for setting up OHS
    policies, system and services in line with EU
    standards and practices
  • Support for developing National strategy and
    legislation
  • New models of OH Services and workplace democracy

5
Methods-Activities
  • Transfer of knowledge, know-how and experience in
    OSH policy, system and services from the
    established market economy to the SEE countries
  • Stimulating national authorities to introduce new
    principles and forms in managing on OSH in the
    light of positive national traditions and
    experience
  • Development of long-term East-West partnership
    and cooperation international support
  • EC ? WHO ? EC ? ILO ? IOE ?ETUC
  • WHO Input -Public Health perspectives in Workers
    Health
  • Establishment of SEE Network in OSH

6
Regional activities
  • Establishment of a regional network on OSH in
    SEE, to include representatives of ministries,
    labor inspectorates, social insurance org. and
    representative organizations of employers and
    workers
  • Regional meeting Occupational Safety and Health
    Policy and Legislation with the participation of
    government experts and representatives of
    employers and workers
  • Establishment of partnerships
  • - SEE and EU countries

7
National activities
  • Compiling tripartite national reports on OSH and
    social dialogue in countries
  • Supporting the establishment of national
    mechanisms for social dialogue
  • a) Training of government experts, as
    well experts from employers and workers
    organizations in modern organization and
    management of OHS
  • b) Establishment, or re-vitalizing of
    national tripartite OSH councils
  • Developing/updating national legislation on OSH
  • Raising awareness of OSH and improving access to
    information
  • Developing and piloting models for provision of
    occupational health services

8
Project results-Expected outcomes
  • Development of national strategies, programs and
    action plans for OSH
  • Better development of social partners
    capabilities regarding OSH and social partnership
  • Established and functioning tripartite structures
    on OSH
  • Elaboration of training programs on OSH for
    trainers and social partners
  • Improvement of OSH awareness
  • Establishment of pilot occupational health
    services at different level

9
Project management
  • First phase
  • ILO - lead in compiling the national OSH
    profiles, with input from the WHO, ETUC, IOE and
    the SEE Health Network
  • Regional meeting - SP ISC
  • Second phase
  • International and national project teams
  • WHO, ILO, ETUC, IOE - core technical support to
    the management of the project
  • SP ISC Secretariat - regional cooperation and
    liaising with the relevant EU bodies

10
Regional Meeting Strengthening social dialogue
for improving OSH in SEE 28-29 June, 2007,
BudapestPhase I July 2006 - February 2007
  • Objective
  • To assess the situation in each of the
    participating SEE countries with regards to the
    existing OSH policies, legislation and practice
  • Activities
  • Preparation and distribution of questionnaire
  • Compilation of tripartite national reports on OSH
    and social dialogue

11
  • RESULTS Identification of needs and gaps
    and agreement on an approach and next steps
  • Set the basis for establishing a regional
    network on OSH in SEE
  • Provide a forum for discussion with relevant
    administrations on how to draft National Action
    Plans of OSH
  • Provide a forum for discussion with the social
    partners to ensure strengthening of social
    dialogue

12
Conclusions and Recommendations
  • Transposition and ratification of international
    OSH standards
  • Scope and content of modern OSH policy and
    strategies
  • Mechanisms for social dialogue, strategic use of
    collective bargaining to promote OHS
  • Restructuring of OHS ( BOHS Approach)
  • Effective data collection and information
  • Reform of occupational diseases and injuries
    insurance
  • Revitalization of Labor Inspections

13
Phase II 2007 - 2008
  • To provide advice on upgrading OSH legislation
    and produce national action plans, as well as to
    further build the capacities of the social
    partners and the mechanisms for organization and
    management of OSH in line with EU and
    international standards
  • Expected EU, ILO, WHO coordinated activities

14
Actual steps
  • Second Meeting of WHO SEE Network on Workers
    health, last week, Dubrovnik, Croatia
  • Phase II of OHS in SEE project
  • Build our own capacities !

15
Key communicating message
  • We wish to cooperate with NDPHS
  • and learn from your experience
  • SEE Network on Workers health
  • Working together for Workers Health
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