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School bullying


Vodcast Four: Three more ways of intervening School Bullying Dr Ken Rigby Consultant Developed for – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: School bullying

Vodcast Four Three more ways of intervening
School Bullying
Dr Ken RigbyConsultant
Developed for
The three ways
  • 1. Strengthening the victim
  • 2. Mediating between the bully and the victim
  • 3. Applying restorative practice

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Strengthening the victim
  • Rationale
  • If there is no imbalance of power, then bullying
    cannot occur
  • Therefore seek to equalise the power by
    strengthening the victim
  • If this is achieved the school no longer needs to
    take action

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Reducing the imbalance of power
  • This can be attempted by teaching the victim to
    learn new skills or suggesting the use of
    different tactics
  • When the victim uses counter-aggressive means the
    conflict may escalate and lead to a worsening
  • Hence, methods have been suggested that can
    discourage the bully without antagonising, for
    example by fogging

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Rationale for Fogging
  • The bully enjoys a sense of being more powerful,
    as long as the victim is manifestly upset by what
    he/she is saying
  • If the victim is not upset the bully loses any
  • The victim can learn to react as one unperturbed,
    reply in ways that are not provocative and give
    no satisfaction to the bully who then desists

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Fogging Advice on confronting the bully.
  • Take control of the situation - Do not let the
    bully see that you are intimidated or upset
  • Maintain eye contact with the bully, speak
    clearly and firmly, stand upright and try not to
    fidget. Act or pretend to be brave
  • Be prepared to focus on the perceptions of the
    bully acknowledge how he/she sees things. Dont
    strike back! Become boring!

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Examples of Fogging
  • Bully You have great big ears
  • Victim Thats true, I do have big ears"
  • Bully They stick out so much they flap in the
  • Victim Its true they stick out
  • Bully You are the most stupid person in the
    whole school
  • Victim That might be true
  • Bully You are wearing pov shoes!
  • Victim You are not wrong.
  • Further examples are given in the handouts

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When Fogging cannot be used
  • The bullying is physical rather than verbal
  • The bullying is being conducted by a group
  • A childs disability - eg. Asperger Syndrome or
    speech impediment makes handling such verbal
    exchanges impossible or very difficult
  • The targeted child is feeling traumatised or very
  • anxious and is unable to use the technique with
    the bully

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  • Mediation involves meeting with students in
    conflict to help them to resolve their
  • They must not be forced to meet and the mediator
    must remain neutral, favouring neither side
  • The practitioners must be skilled in the process
  • They may be teachers or students acting as peer

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Advantages and limitations
  1. A successful resolution removes the source of the
    conflict and ends the dispute
  2. The use of mediation improves the ethos of the
    school students are encouraged to negotiate
  3. However, it does require that the bully and the
    victim are prepared to be mediated. Often the
    bully is unwilling
  4. It is difficult if not impossible for
    practitioners to remain neutral when a student
    is being treated badly by another

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Restorative Practice
  • This is a method that seeks to produce a
    resolution to a bully/victim problem by inducing
    the offender to feel remorse and to act so as
    to repair the damaged relationship
  • It requires that the victim accepts the apology
  • in some cases further restorative action

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Applications of Restorative Practice with
  • These include meetings conducted by a
  • 1. With just the offender and the offended
  • 2. With a group of students who have
    participated in, or observed, the bullying
    behaviour, eg. a class of students
  • 3. With the offender and offended plus persons
    closely associated with those in conflict, eg.
    parents and other adults. These meetings -
    sometimes used with very serious cases - are
    known as community conferences and require a
    highly skilled facilitator

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Method in Restorative Practice
  • The approach involves
  • Requiring the offender to listen to what the
    victim has to say
  • Requiring the offender to reflect on what has
    been happening, the harm that has been done - and
    how things can be put right
  • Inducing a restorative act and its acceptance by
    the person(s) offended against
  • Commonly users of this method work from a
    script as in the handout

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Strengths and limitations
  • Focuses upon restoring damaged relationships
  • Seeks to gain the cooperation of the offender
    through a reflective process rather than by means
    of coercion
  • Is limited to cases where a degree of remorse
    exists or can be induced without undue pressure
  • For the best outcomes support is needed from the
    total school community

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  • What has been your experience of employing the
    following approaches in tackling cases of
  • (i) strengthening the victim
  • (ii) mediation and
  • (iii) restorative practices
  • What would your advice be to teachers considering
    using each of these?
  • Can some students be helped by teaching them
    fogging? You may like to try out the script
    with a partner one playing the bully, the other
    the victim

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