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BULLIES ARE EVERYWHERE : Power Issues at Home, Work, and School

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BULLIES ARE EVERYWHERE : Power Issues at Home, Work, and School Part I: Theory Stuart W. Twemlow, MD Professor of Psychiatry Baylor School of Medicine – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: BULLIES ARE EVERYWHERE : Power Issues at Home, Work, and School


1
BULLIES ARE EVERYWHERE Power Issues at Home,
Work, and School
  • Part I Theory
  • Stuart W. Twemlow, MD
  • Professor of Psychiatry
  • Baylor School of Medicine
  • Houston, Texas

2
Power Does Not Corrupt People, People Corrupt
Power Andre Gide
3
Bullies Will Only Do What Bystanders Allow
4
Why Care About Bullies
  • Bullying, Shame, and Humiliation Lead to Violence
  • Bullying Reduces Achievement
  • Creates Reactive Groups Rather Than Work Groups
  • Reduces the Quality of Life in Communities, by
    Creating Special Interest Groups

5
The Circle of Power
6
Power Dynamics Theory
  • Power Dynamics Drive Individual and Group
    Behavior
  • Power Dynamics are often an Unconscious
  • Trialectical Relationship
  • Bully-Victimizer
  • Victim
  • Bystander
  • Powers Coerciveness Ranges from Everyday
    Insensitivities to Mass Murder

7
Social Context or Crucible
  • Power is Enacted Socially within Contexts
  • Bystanders Are Causal Ingredients in Problem Not
    Passive Observers
  • Power Conflicts Are Always Shifting
  • Coercion Evolves from Frozen Dynamics
  • Leader Can Be a Bully-Victim-Bystander
  • Climates Form Within Social Contexts
  • A Dysfunctional Social Context Impacts the
    Individual

8
Bully Role Victimizer
  • Sadomasochistic Enjoyment of the Pain of Others
  • Lacks Empathy
  • Enjoys Dominant Status in Social Context
  • Uses Humiliation to Improve Social Status

9
Bully Typology
  • Sadistic Psychopathic
  • Cold, Popular, Manipulates Others (Enron)
  • Depressed Bullys Sidekick (homophilly)
  • Unkempt, Socially Insecure, Attaches to Sadistic
    Bully to Gain Status
  • Bully - Victim Bullies by Being a Victim
  • Class Clown, Attracts Negative Attention, Gains
    Power by Being a Victim

10
VICTIM ROLE
  • Submissive
  • Masochistic
  • Driven to Please
  • Rescue Driven

11
BYSTANDER ROLE
  • The Audience for Public Humiliation
  • Can Identify with Both Victim and Victimizer
  • Humiliation is the Critical Ingredient
  • Can Be an Individual or Group

12
BYSTANDER TYPOLOGY
  • Bully Bystander
  • Excited by Actions of the Bully
  • Cheers On or Laughs at Bullys Shaming
  • Victim Bystander
  • Sheepishly Looks On as Bully Humiliates
  • Offers Comfort only AFTERWARDS to Victim
  • Abdicating Bystander
  • Usually a System, Leader, or Governing Body
  • Takes No Action to Stop Bully
  • Blames Others for the Problem

13
Redefining Bullying
  • DYADIC
  • Victim-victimizer primary focus
  • Individuals role as bully or victim is seen as
    fixed
  • Audience is passive observer
  • Purely external/social definition
  • Bully-Victim are behavioral roles
  • Focus is on behavioral change
  • Intervention targets individuals
  • TRIADIC
  • Social context of bully-victim-bystander (focus
    on bystander)
  • Bully-Victim-Bystander roles co- created and in
    flux (always changing)
  • Audience has an active role in violence
  • Stress the role of unconscious power dynamics
    processes
  • Bully-Victim-Bystanders have complex combinations
    of roles unconscious affiliations
  • Focus is on Mentalizing
  • Intervention aimed at CLIMATE

14
Some BystandingRoles
  • Self Awareness
  • Reflective Mindsets
  • Accurate Reading of Others

HELPFUL BYSTANDING
Peaceful Outcome
VICTIM
VICTIMIZER
  • Impulsivity
  • Concrete thinking
  • Misread Danger signals

DESTRUCTIVE BYSTANDING
Violent Outcome
Active roles
Passive roles
  • Bully Bystander
  • Puppet master
  • Sham bystander
  • Victim bystander
  • Avoidant bystander
  • Abdicating bystander
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