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The Role of the Church in Medieval Europe

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Title: The Role of the Church in Medieval Europe


1
The Role of the Church in Medieval Europe
2
Clergy
  • Society in the Middle Ages consisted of men of
    prayer, men of war, and men of work. - Alfred
    the Great
  • Clergy influenced all levels of society,
    especially kings, because they were educated
  • Power to condemn or to forgive very powerful in
    peoples lives

3
Church Hierarchy
Pope Leader of the church, means Father in Latin
Cardinals Advisors to pope new Pope chosen from cardinals
Archbishop Controlled archdioceses many cities parishes together
Bishops Controlled diocese (many parishes in a large area)
Abbots In charge of monasteries
Priests Local church led religious services cared for the sick
4
Monastery
  • Where MONKS would live and train
  • Complex community of many different buildings
  • Granaries
  • Breweries
  • Bakeries
  • Wineries
  • Abbey church
  • Library / scriptorium
  • Hospital
  • School

Self sufficient like a manor
5
Spreading the Word
  • Many monasteries formed
  • Monks could travel, spread Christianity, and do
    good deeds for the poor
  • Saint Francis of Assisi began his own group of
    monks .helping the poor and sick

St. Francis of Assisi
6
Church Hierarchy Women
  • Women were excluded from church employment except
    as nuns
  • Nuns were Brides of Christ swore never to
    marry, devoted to charitable work
  • Worked with the poor, provided shelter, medicine
    and helped their religious community
  • Abbesses nuns in charge of convents---
    communities for the nuns

7
Church Hierarchy Women
Illuminated letters were an art form and common
practice for nuns and monks copying texts for
sale to help the convent or monastery.
8
Power of the Church
  •       Church encouraged Christians to save
    their souls by donating money to the churches
  • Nobles were encouraged to leave their lands to
    the church (upon death) in return for saving
    their souls
  • This increased the churchs holdings and wealth

9
Power of the Church
  •   Clergy were most often the only members of
    society able to read and write
  • Most kings were illiterate (could not read) and
    clergy were advisors to the king .
  • THEREFORE MORE POWER FOR THE CHURCH!

10
Kings conflict with the Church
  • 800 c.e., Kings and nobles tried to take power
    from church.
  • Kings appointed people in their court/relatives
    to church positions such as bishops and cardinals
    (kings trying to gain back power from the Church)

11
Kings gtgt conflict with the Church
  • New pope Gregory VII wanted to give back power
    to church.
  • Announced that Pope was higher than king and that
    only the Pope could appoint members to church

12
Kings gtgt conflict with the Church
  • King Henry IV of The Holy Roman Empire refused
    Popes edict (formal announcement)
  • Pope served an interdiction to the Holy Roman
    Empire
  • Interdict meant all churches were locked and no
    services held except baptism of infants and
    confession for the dying.

13
Holy Roman Empire
14
KingsConflict with the Church
  • An interdiction OUTRAGED those in the Holy Roman
    Empire
  • King Henry IV lost power and respect among
    citizens
  • Eventually King Henry IV was excommunicated
    (banned from the Church) and abdicated from the
    throne

15
Education Spreads in Europe
  •  Monasteries became too small to teach those who
    wanted to be educated
  • Began meeting outside or in taverns .eventually
    began to construct buildings, which grew into
    universities and colleges

16
Art of the Medieval Church
  • Most art (paintings and sculptures) were
    religious and featured Christ or people from the
    Bible or lessons
  • Flat, stylized art not three dimensional

17
Art of the Church
  • Filled with art, stained glass,, sculpture, and
    paintings
  • Tribute to God .built to strike awe in those
    who viewed the art in these cathedrals
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