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Title:

The Progressive Reform Era

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Title: Slide 1 Author: Paul Abdo Last modified by: Janine Scholla Created Date: 2/13/2007 11:58:35 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Progressive Reform Era


1
The Progressive Reform Era
  • 1890 - 1920

2
What were the goals of the Progressives?
  • To meet the challenges presented by
    industrialization and urbanization
  • To break up the monopolies and restore
    competition
  • To break the power of political machines and
    improve democracy
  • To improve the quality of life for the people of
    the United States

3
What were the characteristics of the
Progressives? Who were they?
  • Urban, middle class
  • Men and women
  • Democrats and Republicans
  • Well educated
  • Believers in capitalism (not socialism)
  • Pragmatic simple solutions to complex problems
  • All levels of government
  • Attempted a variety of reforms
  • Optimistic

4
Muckrakers
  • Journalists who attempted to expose the evils of
    big business and corrupt government
  • The purpose of their reports was to educate the
    people about a problem and to encourage them to
    take action
  • They were not in the business of
    sensationalizing the news

5
Upton Sinclair was a Socialistwho said that he
aimed at the countrys heart, but instead, hit
them in the stomach The Jungle
  • Exposed the evils in the meatpacking industry
  • Resulted in the passage of the Meat Inspection
    Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act

6
Ida Tarbell A History of Standard Oil
  • to expose the ruthless practices of John
    Rockefeller

7
Jacob Riis A Muckraking Photojournalist
  • Immigrant from Denmark
  • Worked as a police reporter and photographer
  • Most famous work How the Other Half Lives

8
Five Cents Lodging
9
Children Sleeping in Mulberry Street
10
(No Transcript)
11
Girls on a Stoop
12
Home of an Italian Rag Picker
13
Tenement Yard
14
Room in a Tenement Flat
15
Cityscape
16
A New York City Peddler
17
A Ludlow Street Sweatshop
18
Bandits Roost59 ½ Mulberry Street
19
Mens Lodging Room in West 47th Street Station
20
Womens Lodging Room in West 47th Street Station
21
Lincoln Steffens The Shame of the Cities
  • Told of the political corruption in Philadelphia

22
Frank Norris The Octopus
  • told of the struggle against the railroad
    monopolies
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