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Athens%20Vs%20Sparta

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Athens Vs Sparta Athens and Sparta were probably the two most famous and powerful city states in Ancient Greece. However, they were both very different. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Athens%20Vs%20Sparta


1
Athens Vs Sparta
2
Athens and Sparta were probably the two most
famous and powerful city states in Ancient
Greece.
  • However, they were both very different.

3
Athens vs Sparta
  • Athens Government ruled as a democracy. They
    were the 1st to ever do this.
  • Council of 500
  • Met everyday
  • Debated laws and business
  • Chosen from a drawing and served one year.
  • -Assembly
  • 6,000 had to be in attendance
  • Met every 10 days
  • Voted on laws yes / no

4
Athens vs Sparta
  • Spartas Government
  • Oligarchy
  • 2 kings inherited power
  • 28 council of Elders-elected
  • Assembly was made up of male citizens
  • Very little power was given to the assembly

5
Athens vs Sparta
  • Athens is built below the acropolis which stands
    on a hill above all of Athens.
  • Sparta is surrounded by mountains, which makes it
    difficult for it to be invaded.

6
ATHENS-Economy
  • Traded with other civilizations or city-states
  • Imported
  • Italy wood
  • Egypt grain
  • -Exported honey, olive oil, silver, pottery
  • Coins

7
Sparta- Economy
  • Relied on Farming
  • Conquered others to get other supplies they
    needed
  • Discouraged Trade
  • didnt want new ideas to weaken gov.
  • didnt have coins- used iron bars

8
Athens- Education
  • Good citizens was most importantpurpose of
    education!
  • Boys
  • Up to 6- taught at home- mother or slave tutor
  • 6-7 school-reading, writing, math, literature
  • 18 military school/after went to private
    schools to learn to debate and public speaking

9
ATHENS
  • Girls were not regarded as important by the
    Athenians.
  • Girls could be taught at home. (if they had rich
    parents)
  • Girls were not allowed to take part in anything
    to do with war, business or education.
  • Had to be escorted
  • Few rights
  • Not citizens

10
Athens- slaves
  • Trained as
  • Craftsmen
  • Farmers
  • Silver mines
  • Tutors in the rich homes

11
Sparta-Education
  • Boys
  • Age 7 went to military school for training for
    army
  • Healthy and strength most important.
  • Unhealthy babies left to die
  • At age 20, given a test of strength and
    leadership- if passed became a citizen

12
SPARTA- women/slaves
  • Girls in Sparta were to grow up to be the mothers
    of warriors.
  • Although they were not allowed to fight, girls
    took part in all the training because fit ladies
    produced fit babies, who would fight!
  • Slaves treated harshly
  • Could buy their freedom and marry or sell land

13
Athens v Sparta
  • Athens and Sparta had very different ways of
    living their lives.
  • Athens wanted to control as much land as possible
    and this led to much war between Greek lands.
    Powerful navy
  • Sparta, although more powerful kept itself to
    itself unless their army was needed. Powerful
    Army
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