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Colonial Culture and Geography

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Colonial Culture and Geography Colonial Culture and Geography Explain the impact of geography on the economies of the New England, Middle, and Southern colonies. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Colonial Culture and Geography


1
Colonial Culture and Geography
2
Objectives
  • Explain the impact of geography on the economies
    of the New England, Middle, and Southern
    colonies.
  • Compare and contrast differences in the social
    structure of the three major colonial regions.
  • Describe the cultural life in the British
    colonies.

3
Terms and People
  • staple crop crops that are in steady demand
  • cash crop crops grown for sale
  • dame school a private school for girls that was
    operated out of a womans home

4
How did life differ in each of the three main
regions of the British colonies?
The colonies developed into three distinct
regions New England, the Middle Colonies, and
the Southern Colonies. Each region developed a
different economy and society.
5
New EnglandCold winters, short growing season,
and a rugged landscape Middle ColoniesTemperate
climate, longer growing season, landscape of
fields and valleys Southern ColoniesWarm
climate, long growing season, landscape with
broad fields and valleys
6
New EnglandGeography lent itself to fishing,
lumber harvesting, and small-scale
farming.Middle ColoniesKnown as the bread
basketof the colonies for exporting staple
crops, such as wheat and grain Southern
ColoniesExported the labor-intensive cash crops
of tobacco, rice, and indigo
7
By the mid-1700s, the population of the colonies
was rapidly increasing.Based on their
populations, the three regions developed
different social patterns.
8
In New England
  • There were few African Americans.
  • There were more families and the population grew
    rapidly.
  • There was more economic equality.
  • Towns were established that supported local
    schools and churches.

9
In the Middle Colonies
  • The population was more diverse.
  • There was more religious tolerance.
  • There was a variety of economic opportunities.

10
In the Southern Colonies
  • Enslaved African Americans often were the
    majority of the population.
  • The population was spread over large areas.
  • There was little economic equality.
  • Communities could not sustain local schools and
    churches.

11
The role of colonial women focused on maintaining
the home.
Few opportunities existed for women outside the
home. By law and by custom, women could not vote,
hold political office, or serve on
juries. Married women could not own property, but
a widow could inherit part of her husbands
estate.
12
  • Colonial schooling options were limited.

Outside of New England, public education was less
available. Home schooling was common. Some girls
attended dame schools.
Wealthy people hired private tutors or sent their
children to England.
To ensure that everyone could read the Bible,
schools were required in all New England towns by
the mid-1600s.
The few colonial colleges were very costly.
13
Though most colonists attended only grammar
schools, they were better educated than average
Europeans.
Colonial students used hand-held hornbooks to
learn how to read.
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