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Popular Culture

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Title: Popular Culture Author: Dr Raymond L Sanders Jr Last modified by: Rachel Roti Created Date: 10/28/2001 4:10:09 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Popular Culture


1
Popular Culture
  • AP Human Geography

2
  • Popular Culture
  • A wide-ranging group of heterogeneous people,
    who stretch across identities and across the
    world, and who embrace cultural traits such as
    music, dance, clothing, and food preference that
    change frequently and are part of the cultural
    landscape.

Madonna wearing a red string Kabbalah bracelet.
3
How is Pop Culture Determined?
  • By everyday interactions, needs and desires, the
    cultural moments that make up our daily lives

4
Forms of Pop Culture
  • Television
  • Music
  • Fashion
  • Food
  • Sports
  • Toys
  • Comic books
  • Film
  • Advertising
  • Cyberspace

5
Characteristics of popular culture
  • Constantly changing
  • Based in large, heterogeneous groups of people
  • Based mainly in urban areas
  • Material goods mass-produced by machines in
    factories
  • Prevailing money economy

6
Characteristics of popular culture
  • More numerous individual relationships, but less
    personal
  • Weaker family structure
  • Distinct division of labor with highly
    specialized professions and jobs
  • Considerable leisure time available to most
    people
  • Police, army, and courts take the place of family
    and church in maintaining order

7
Popular culture
  • If a single hallmark of popular culture exists,
    it is change
  • Words such as growth, progress, fad, and trend
    crop up frequently in newspapers and
    conversations
  • Vast majority of people in developed countries
    belong to the popular culture

8
Popular culture
  • If a single hallmark of popular culture exists,
    it is change
  • Contributions to the spread of popular culture
  • Industrialization
  • Urbanization
  • Rise of formal education
  • Increase in leisure time
  • Increase in technology

9
Cyberspace
  • Perhaps the personal computer and Internet access
    have created another new type of place
  • Certain words we use imply it has a
    geographyCyberspace
  • The information superhighway connects not two
    points, but all points, creating a new sort of
    place
  • Encourages and speeds cultural diffusion

10
Internet Connections
11
Food and drink
  • What we eat and drink differs markedly from one
    part of the country and world to another
  • Difference in alcoholic drink consumption in the
    United States
  • Beer has highest per capita consumption levels in
    the West
  • Least beer is sold in the Lower South and Utah
  • Whiskey, both legal and illegal, has been a
    traditional southern beverage
  • Californians place more importance on wine

12
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13
Food and drink
  • Foods vary across North America
  • In the South, barbecued pork and beef, fried
    chicken, and hamburgers have greater than average
    popularity
  • More pizza is consumed in the North
  • Focus of Italian immigration
  • Pizza diffused to the southern states only in the
    mid-1950s

14
Food and drink
  • Importance of fast food restaurants varies
    greatly within the United States
  • Stronghold is in the South 57 percent in
    Mississippi
  • Northeast has lowest rate of such eateries 27
    percent in New York and Vermont

15
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16
Popular music
  • The many different styles of popular music all
    reveal geographic patterning in levels of
    acceptance
  • Elvis Presley, a generation after his death
    retains an important place in American popular
    culture

17
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18
Sports
  • Abundant leisure time has allowed North Americans
    to devote time watching or participating in
    sports
  • Few aspects of popular culture are as widely
    publicized as our games
  • From Little League through professional contests,
    athletics receive almost daily attention from
    members of popular culture
  • Even fantasy sports now are increasingly
    important in pop culture

19
Sports
  • The nineteenth century gave us football, ice
    hockey, baseball, soccer, and basketballour
    major spectator sports
  • Our folk ancestors played games, but most were
    limited to children and little time was spent on
    them
  • Concept of professional athletes and
    admission-paying spectators is not found in folk
    culture

20
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21
Advertising
  • Most effective device for popular culture
    diffusion
  • Commercial advertising of retail products
    bombards us visually and orally
  • Using psychology, we are sold products we do not
    need

22
Advertising
  • Modern advertising is very place-conscious
  • Products and services are linked to popular,
    admired places
  • Example of the Marlboro Man and the
    romanticized American West

23
Communication barriers to diffusion
  • Spread can be greatly reduced if access to the
    media is denied
  • To control programming of radio and television is
    to control much of the diffusion of popular
    culture
  • Government censorship can also provide barriers
    to diffusion
  • Islamic fundamentalist regime in Iran during 1995
  • Long opposed Western popular culture as a
    corrupting influence
  • Outlawed television satellite dishes to try and
    prevent citizens from watching programs broadcast
    in foreign countries

24
Consumerism and the link to Pop Culture
  • Consumerism propels the insatiable belief that we
    need what we do not have
  • A fundamental frame of reference for relating to
    oneself, to others, to the environment as a whole

25
Consumerism and the link to Pop Culture
  • Ideas propelled by the culture industry
  • Last seasons fashions are so last season
  • Shopping completes us
  • Average adult 48 new pieces of clothing a year,
    child 70 new toys
  • We can all live like celebrities
  • We evaluate our consumption in reference to
    groups that live financially beyond our own means
    (rather than our neighbors)
  • Average household credit card debt is 15,799

26
Beauty and the link to Pop Culture
  • Our self-worth is determined by our looks and
    cultural norms of sexual attractiveness
  • Airbrushed images of perfected bodies normalize
    an unattainable expectation of beauty.

27
  • https//www.youtube.com/watch?vomBfg3UwkYM

28
Brands and the link to Pop Culture
  • Brands matter
  • McDonalds coffee beats Starbuck in unbiased
    Consumer Reports taste tests.
  • Ramones t-shirts have outsold their cds and
    records 10 to 1
  • People just want to be cool

29
Folk Culture
  • Refers to cultural traits that are traditional,
    no longer widely practiced by a large amount of
    people and generally isolated in small, often
    rural areas

30
TV and the Cloning of Culture Close Reading
Activity
  • You will have the next 12 minutes to close read
    and annotate this text.

31
TV and the Cloning of Culture Close Reading
Activity
  • In Elbow Partners, answer the following questions
    on a separate sheet of paper
  • 1. In what ways did the arrival of the television
    hurt the culture of the Inuit?
  • 2. Why did the Canadian government want the Inuit
    to be exposed to television?
  • 3. How did men and women appear to be affected
    differently by the arrival of television and
    other aspects of modernization?
  • 4. What does Jerry Mander think should be done
    about the destruction of indigenous culture?
  • 5. What do you think should be done?
  • 6. Mander attributes the decline of traditional
    culture to the arrival of television. What other
    factors could it be?
  • 7. Mander discusses the values that people learn
    from tv. Think about the last time you watched tv
    (with commercials) and write down what it is that
    people on TV appear to value.
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