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The Legacy of Imperialism in Africa

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Some countries have been torn by civil wars. The civil unrest and current struggles of many nations in Africa are a direct result 19th and 20th century imperialism. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Legacy of Imperialism in Africa


1
The Legacy of Imperialism in Africa
  • Most European colonies on the African continent
    had gained their independence by 1980.
  • Unfortunately, the legacy of colonialism made the
    transition to self government difficult for many
    of these newly independent nations.
  • Because colonial powers did not want their
    colonies to industrialize and compete with them,
    they had prevented them from developing domestic
    industries.

2
The Legacy of Imperialism in Africa
  • The economies of many African nations are still
    almost totally dependent on the same cash crops
    that they had grown as colonies.
  • Therefore, when the prices of these crops fall on
    the international market, or when there is a poor
    harvest, these nations suffer greatly.
  • In addition to farming, many of these nations
    continue to sell raw materials such as lumber,
    iron ore, gold , and petroleum.

3
The Legacy of Imperialism in Africa
  • Lack of industry and inadequate transportation
    and communication systems have made it difficult
    for many African nations to compete in the global
    economy.
  • Some nations are extremely poor.
  • Weak economies and tensions among ethnic groups
    have led to political unrest.

4
The Legacy of Imperialism in Africa
  • Many countries have turned away from democracy in
    favor of one-party rule and dictatorships.
  • Some countries have been torn by civil wars.
  • The civil unrest and current struggles of many
    nations in Africa are a direct result 19th and
    20th century imperialism.
  • We will have a unit about the Independence
    Movement that takes place after WWII.
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