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Latin America

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Physical Geography Chapter 8, Section 1 The Land 1) Middle America 2) The Caribbean 3) South America Sierra Madres (Mexico) Central Highlands (Central America) Andes ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Latin America


1
Latin America
  • Physical Geography
  • Chapter 8, Section 1
  • The Land

2
Subregions
  • 1) Middle America
  • 2) The Caribbean
  • 3) South America

3
Mountains and Plateaus
  • Sierra Madres (Mexico)
  • Central Highlands (Central America)
  • Andes
  • (South America)

4
Mountains and Plateaus
  • The rugged landscape is caused by its location
    along the Pacific Ring of Fire.
  • The mountains cooler climates and rich natural
    resources attracted settlers.
  • The terrain historically isolated communities but
    new technology is breaking down physical barriers.

5
Mountains of Middle America and the Caribbean
  • Mexicos Sierra Madres surround the densely
    populated Mexican Plateau.
  • Humans are attracted to the mild climate, fertile
    volcanic soil, and rainfall.
  • The Central Highlands are a chain of volcanic
    peaks that cross Central America and include many
    Caribbean Islands.

6
Andes of South America
  • Worlds longest mountain range
  • Consist of cordilleras-several ranges that run
    parallel to each other
  • In Peru and Bolivia, the Andes encircle the
    Altiplano-high plain.

7
Highlands of Brazil
  • The Mato Grosso Plateau is a sparsely populated
    plateau of forests and grasslands.
  • The Brazilian Highlands span several climate and
    vegetation zones and are used for raising
    livestock.
  • The eastern highlands plunge to the Atlantic
    Ocean, forming a steep slope called an
    escarpment.

8
Lowlands and Plains
  • South Americas inland grasslands-the llanos of
    Colombia and Venezuela and the pampas of
    Argentina and Uruguay-provide grazing for cattle.
  • Cowhands called gauchos drive the herds across
    the plains.
  • With its fertile soil, the pampas are one of the
    worlds breadbaskets.

9
Water Systems
  • The Amazon River is the Western Hemispheres
    longest river and the worlds second longest.
  • The Amazon and hundreds of smaller rivers flow
    together into the Amazon Basin.

10
Water Systems
  • The Parana, Paraguay, and Uruguay Rivers form the
    second largest river system.
  • The rivers provide commercial water routes
    between cities and hydroelectric
    power-electricity generated from the energy of
    moving water.
  • The rivers flow into the Rio de la Plata
    estuary-where the ocean tide meets a river
    current.

11
Water Systems
  • The Rio Grande River forms part of the border
    between Mexico and the United States.
  • The Panama Canal allows quick travel between the
    Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
  • Lake Titicaca is the worlds highest navigable
    lake.
  • Lake Maracaibo is South Americas largest.

12
Natural Resources
  • Some Latin American countries are among the
    worlds leading producers of energy resources
    (oil and natural gas).
  • Rich in mineral resources such as gold, silver,
    emeralds, copper, and bauxite.

13
Natural Resources
  • Because of diverse landforms, the regions
    resources are not evenly distributed.
  • Geographic inaccessibility, lack of capital for
    development, and social and political divisions
    keep many of the regions natural resources from
    being developed.
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