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Colonial North America in the 17th Century

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Title: Colonial North America Author: Shaleita Cook Last modified by: Shaleita Cook Created Date: 1/8/2013 3:14:14 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Colonial North America in the 17th Century


1
Colonial North America in the 17th Century
2
Georgia Standards
  • SSUSH1 The student will describe European
    settlement in North America during the 17th
    century.
  • a. Explain Virginias development include the
    Virginia Company, tobacco cultivation,
    relationships with Native Americans such as
    Powhatan, development of the House of Burgesses,
    Bacons Rebellion, and the development of
    slavery.
  • b. Describe the settlement of New England
    include religious reasons, relations with Native
    Americans (e.g., King Phillips War), the
    establishment of town meetings and development of
    a legislature, religious tensions that led to
    colonies such as Rhode Island, the half-way
    covenant, Salem Witch Trials, and the loss of the
    Massachusetts charter.
  • c. Explain the development of the mid-Atlantic
    colonies include the Dutch settlement of New
    Amsterdam and subsequent English takeover, and
    the settlement of Pennsylvania.
  • d. Explain the reasons for French settlement of
    Quebec.

3
  • New England
  • Massachusetts
  • New Hampshire
  • Rhode Island
  • Connecticut
  • Mid-Atlantic
  • New York
  • Pennsylvania
  • New Jersey
  • Delaware
  • South
  • Virginia
  • Maryland
  • North Carolina
  • South Carolina
  • Georgia

4
Vocabulary
  • Colonya group of people who settle in a country
    distant from their homeland
  • Cultivateprepare and use of land for crops or
    gardening
  • Indentured servant--people who work temporary in
    order to pay off debts.
  • Rebellionan act violent or open resistance to an
    establish government or ruler

5
Southern ColoniesVirginia
6
Jamestown Virginia Company Clip
7
Jamestown Englands 1st American Colony
  • Virginia Companysend people to America in the
    hopes of finding gold and other valuable
    resources.
  • Jamestown, Virginiafirst permanent English
    colony in North America (1607)

8
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9
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10
Mine Mine Mine Clip
11
Early American Government
  • House of BurgessesRepresentatives were both
    appointed by the Virginia Company or elected by
    land-owning males.
  • The House of Burgesses was the first
    self-government created in the New World.

12
Jamestown
  • The British created Jamestown with the hope of
    getting rich like the Spanish.
  • However, there were many difficulties early on
  • Disease
  • Swampy land
  • Indian attacks
  • Poor leadership (especially after John Smith
    left)
  • Brought gold mining equipment rather than
    materials to start a colony
  • Starvation (cannibalism)

13
CannibalismThe struggle was real!!!
14
Tobacco Cultivation
  • Jamestown was completely failing until tobacco
    shipped over to grow. Virginias climate was
    perfect for its growth.
  • Colonists in the South became extremely wealthy
    cultivating tobacco for European consumers.

15
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16
Development of Slavery
  • Tobacco farmers need people to work crops!
  • indentured servants to help cultivate and harvest
    the tobacco crop but they met labor requirements
    and were granted their freedom.
  • To make up for the labor shortage, African slaves
    to work for free!

17
Savages Clip
18
Native Americans and Settlers
  • Native Americans didnt want help the colonists
    survive and adapt to the harsh living conditions.
  • Powhatan Indian chief convinced the Natives to
    create a peaceful relationship Jamestown settlers
    to TRADE!
  • Peace would not last!
  • Colonists wanted more land for tobacco.
  • They took more land from the Indians causing
    intense fighting

19
Bacons Rebellion
  • Who? Governor William Berkeley, Nathaniel Bacon,
    poor colonists and Native Americans
  • What happened? Bacon and supports killed Natives
    without permission from government
  • Why? Need more land for tobacco. Being charged
    taxes by governor. Governor used taxes to reward
    wealthy colonists
  • When? 1675
  • Where? Virginia

20
Conclusion of Bacons Rebellion
  • Governor Berkeley protested and Bacon marched
    into Jamestown driving out the governor.
  • Bacon dies and rebellion ends.
  • King of England appointed a new, stronger
    governor.
  • Bacons Rebellion showed that poor farmers would
    not tolerate a government that catered only to
    the wealthy.
  • More importantly the first example in colonial
    America in which the citizens themselves
    attempted to overthrow a government they deemed
    unfair.

21
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