PART 2: Tourism in a Territory Helpful or harmful? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – PART 2: Tourism in a Territory Helpful or harmful? PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 7a26e3-ZGVmM



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

PART 2: Tourism in a Territory Helpful or harmful?

Description:

PART 2: Tourism in a Territory Helpful or harmful? Tourism It is one of the largest economic activities worldwide. REASONS FOR GROWTH IN TOURISM: Employers offer paid ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:45
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 17
Provided by: Engli71
Learn more at: http://classnotes-mrp.yolasite.com
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: PART 2: Tourism in a Territory Helpful or harmful?


1
PART 2 Tourism in a TerritoryHelpful or harmful?
2
Tourism
  • It is one of the largest economic activities
    worldwide.
  • REASONS FOR GROWTH IN TOURISM
  • Employers offer paid holidays in industrialized
    countries
  • Higher standard of living
  • Improved transportation (access to airplanes,
    buses, etc.)
  • Affordable travel (cheap plane tickets,
    all-inclusive, etc.)

3
Characteristics of Tourism
  • Business or pleasure
  • The destination is more than 80 km from home
  • You are at the destination for more than 24
    hours, less than one year.
  • Money spent before the trip (bathing suits,
    suntan lotion, etc.) and it is spent on
    activities services at the destination (hotel,
    transport, theme parks, souvenirs, restaurants,
    etc.)

4
Characteristics of Tourists
  • 80 of tourists live in industrialized (wealthy)
    countries.
  • 2009 880 million tourists from Europe, North
    South America Japan
  • Have more money more holidays
  • They also travel within their own country or
    their neighbouring country.

5
Types of Tourism
  • Beach vacations (ex Florida)
  • Winter tourism (ex Canada)
  • Nature (ecotourism/green) tourism
  • We learn about nature the importance of
    respecting it.
  • This type of tourism has little/no impact on
    environment.
  • It also benefits the local economy.
  • Adventure tourism risky activities like sky
    diving!
  • Cultural tourism (educational)
  • Visiting museums historic sites
  • Entertainment (recreation amusement)

6
Those affected by tourism
  • Organizations (public, national local) are
    established to promote tourism in a specific
    destination.
  • Businesses directly involved in tourism
  • Hotels, restaurants, travel agencies, etc.
  • Media is responsible for
  • Promoting a specific destinations attractions
    (museums, amusement parks, shopping centres,
    restaurants etc.).
  • Reporting positive news (may increase the tourist
    population in that particular destination).
  • Reporting political unrest (may cause less
    tourists to travel at that particular
    destination).
  • Take note that media can either factual or
    suggestive (persuasive).

7
  • 4. Local population
  • Have a say in how many tourists can visit
    (Venice)
  • 5. Permanent seasonal workers
  • 6. Tourists

8
Impacts of Tourism
  • Host territories need
  • Larger airports
  • More facilities services
  • Accommodation
  • More hotels
  • More restaurants
  • Entertainment
  • Transport
  • These affect the layout/organization of the region

9
Characteristics of Sustainable Tourism
  • Sustainable tourism is attempting to make as low
    an impact on the environment (affecting or
    altering the environment as little as possible.)
    and local culture (way of life) as possible,
    while helping to create future jobs for local
    people.
  • The aim of sustainable tourism is to ensure that
    development brings a positive experience for
    local people, tourism companies and the tourists
    themselves.

http//video.nationalgeographic.com/video/sus-dest
-geotourism
10
Is the term 'sustainable tourism an oxymoron?
  • The term 'sustainable tourism', like
    'ecotourism', is considered by many to be an
    oxymoron.
  • Tourism in general depends upon and increases air
    transportation, contributing significantly to
    greenhouse gas emissions from combustion placed
    high into the stratosphere where they immediately
    contribute to the heat trapping phenomenon behind
    global warming and climate change.
  • The overall effect of sustainable tourism is
    negative.

What's an 'oxymoron'? It's a pair of back-to-back
words or phrases that mean exactly the opposite.
11
  • 1. Economy Promotes local economy
  • 2. Environment Protects local environment
  • 3. Social Protects local culture
  • 4. Low (negative) impact of visitors

12
Possible negative impacts of tourism
  • Pressure on environment
  • Natural It is something that could affect the
    health/life of an animal. (Ex a shortage of
    water, food, space, and predators)
  • Urban (city) Air emissions, noise, solid waste
    and littering, releases of sewage, oil and
    chemicals, even architectural/visual pollution.
  • Blocked transportation (traffic)
  • Demand for water energy
  • Tourists consume water and use energy during
    their visit. Because of this, the local
    population may not have enough water energy!

13
  • 4. Loss of culture/traditions
  • Acculturation partial or total assimilation of a
    culture after coming in contact with another
  • 5. Deterioration of environment
  • Water, air, visual pollution

14
Positive Forces Negative Forces
  • Tourism is good when
  • Raises awareness about natural cultural
    preservation
  • Contributes to growth of local community
  • Source of income for protected territories
  • Encourages the protection sustainable
    development of the environment
  • Tourism is bad when
  • Contributes to deterioration of natural
    landscapes wasting of water resources
  • Contributes to poverty, relocation of locals, or
    loss of culture
  • Threat to native species /or biodiversity
  • Causes marine /or coastal pollution

15
Global Code of Ethics for Tourism
  • -2001 United Nations General Assembly
    established guidelines to ensure responsible
    sustainable development of tourism
  • Reference for rules of visiting tourist areas
  • -Adopted by 57 countries
  • -Available in 50 languages

16
Vocabulary
  • Mass tourism form of tourism that allows a large
    number of people to travel support the tourism
    economy
  • Tourist destination region that attracts a large
    number of tourists
  • Sustainable tourism tourism that respects the
    resources of a territory contributes to the
    development of local communities cultural
    fulfillment of the people involved
  • Multinational companies with activities in more
    than one country
About PowerShow.com