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Causes of WWI

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Causes of WWI Imperialism and ... Portugal and others At this time, these countries had many colonies in Africa and Asia ... N Britain s sea power gave it command ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Causes of WWI


1
Causes of WWI
  • Imperialism and Colonialism

2
Essential Question
  • How did European colonization and imperialism
    lead to WWI?

3
WWI Time Period
  • WWI began in 1914 and ended in 1918

4
M A I N
  • M Militarism
  • A Alliances
  • I Imperialism
  • N - Nationalism

5
Militarism
  • During the early 1900s, many European countries
    spent much of their wealth on building strong
    armies and navies.
  • This focus on developing a strong military is
    called Militarism
  • Countries wanted strong militaries to defend
    their colonies

6
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7
Alliances
  • European leaders wanted other countries to think
    twice before declaring war on their country.
  • To defend themselves countries would join an
    alliance. An alliance is an agreement between
    nations to unite for a common cause.
  • Each member of an alliance agrees to help the
    other members in case one of them is attacked.

8
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9
Imperialism
  • By the beginning of the 1900s, Europes most
    powerful countries had colonies all over the
    world.
  • Mainly England, France, Spain, Portugal and
    others
  • At this time, these countries had many colonies
    in Africa and Asia

10
Imperialism
11
Nationalism
  • Nationalism is having strong pride in ones
    nation or ethnic group.
  • An ethnic group is people with similar languages
    and traditions
  • European countries were very sensitive and
    willing to go to war in the early 1900s to
    protect their honor.

12
M A I N
  • Britains sea power gave it command of the
    Worlds shipping lanes and control over a vast
    empire stretching from the Mediterranean Sea to
    Southeast Asia.
  • However, Germany would mount a challenge to
    British power.

13
M A I N
  • After becoming a unified country in 1871, Germany
    grew rich and used its wealth to build its Army
    and Navy.
  • However, Russia was also expanding and becoming a
    threat to Germany.

14
M A I - N
  • WWI rumbled onto the global stage when a Serbian
    sniper, seeking to free his ethnic group from
    Austrian rule, assassinated Archduke Ferdinand.
  • The assassination sparked a series of great power
    actions and reactions in the five weeks that
    followed, shattering world peace.
  • Germany was allied with Austria-Hungary and went
    to war against Serbia for the assassination.

15
M A I - N
  • Germany wanted a short war which would give them
    status and keep Russia from getting any status.
  • France and Russia joined forces to defend Serbia.
    Soon after, they were joined by Britain in an
    effort to contain Germany.
  • The war became truly global when the United
    States, reacting to the German sinking of the
    Lusitannia by submarines, entered the war.

16
M A I - N
  • Austria, believing that they were protecting
    their pride, could not comprehend why Russia
    labeled them the aggressors.
  • Germanys insensitivity to other countries,
    prevented them from understanding the Russians
    pride and their fear of humiliation if they
    allowed the Germans and Austrians to destroy
    Serbia, whom they were sworn to protect.

17
M A I - N
  • With each side believing that they were right,
    diplomatic alternatives to war were quickly
    evaporated.
  • WWI destroyed both life and property and changed
    the face of Europe.

18
Design a Test
  • You will be the teachers for the rest of class.
  • You will be making a test that the other side of
    class will have to take.
  • Each side of the class will make a 10 Question
    Test.

19
Remember!
  • The Questions MUST deal with the causes of WWI.
  • The question MUST be answerable.
  • Your group MUST know the answer to any question
    you make.
  • Try to make it hard. See if the other side can
    pass it.
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