ALCOHOL - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

ALCOHOL

Description:

ALCOHOL Unit # 3 Page 411 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:53
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 36
Provided by: joze88
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: ALCOHOL


1
ALCOHOL
  • Unit 3
  • Page 411

2
American Prohibition Article
  1. Who was the first state to pass a law prohibiting
    the sale of alcohol?
  2. What events lead to the ban of alcohol?
  3. What amendment banned the manufacture, sale
    distribution of alcohol in the US?
  4. What happened after they banned alcohol?
  5. What amendment repealed the 18th amendment?
  6. What were underground/illegal bars called?

3
History
  • In 1851, Maine became the first state to pass a
    law prohibiting the sale manufacture of
    alcohol.
  • 18th Amendment (1919) U.S. prohibited sale
    manufacture of alcohol.
  • 21st Amendment- (1933) repealed the 18th
    amendment, now the control of manufacture and
    sale of liquor became a state responsibility.

4
Alcohol Today
  • Nations 1 Drug Problem
  • 100 million adults (60-70 of total population
    use)
  • Used more than any other drug
  • 10 million adult alcoholics
  • 4.5 million teenage alcoholics/ problem drinkers
  • 40,000 alcohol poisoning cases a year
  • 8,000 teens die each year in alcohol related
    crashes

5
Alcohol Today
  • ½ of all crime
  • 75 of violent crimes
  • Alcohol is negatively linked with violence, rape,
    suicide, breaking the law, academic apathy,
    accidental death, injuries, irresponsible
    decisions, STI/ STDs, job loss, divorce, and
    serious illness.
  • Alcohol related diseases lead to 12,000 deaths/
    year
  • 1 Cirrhosis of the liver ( hardening of the
    liver)

6
Motor Vehicle Deaths
  • Why have alcohol related motor vehicle deaths
    decreased in the last decade?
  • 1.
  • 2.
  • 3.

7
Classes of Drinkers (3 classes)
  • Social
  • Moderate, safe amounts consumed by adult (21 yrs
    or older)
  • Problem
  • Self or others at risk, binge drinker
  • Alcoholic
  • dependent

8
Class of Drinkers
  • About one in ten drinkers is or will become an
    alcoholic/problem drinker.
  • Most adults who drink in the U.S., drink as a
    social drinker.

9
Responsible (over 21) Alcohol Use
  • Know limit
  • Space out drinks
  • Small glasses
  • Dilute mix drinks
  • Eat while consuming
  • Dont drink and drive
  • Dont drink and use medication
  • Dont drink if pregnant or not sure
  • Babys of mothers who drink may be born with
    fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)
  • FAS is a leading cause of mental disability.

10
P.411 Vocab
  • Alcohol-
  • Fermentation-
  • Distillation-
  • Proof-
  • of alcohol-
  • What are the 3 types of alcohol?

11
1 Drink pg.412(1/2 oz of pure ethanol-
active ingredient)
  • One 12 oz can of beer (4.5 alcohol)
  • 1 ¼ oz of 80 proof hard liquor (distilled) (40
    alcohol)
  • Proof amount of alcohol in a beverage as
    measured by , double the of alcohol
  • Ex/ Beverage with 20 alcohol is 40 proof (page
    411)
  • 1 oz of 100 proof liquor ( 1 shot)
  • 3-5 oz of wine (12-14 alcohol)
  • 1 wine cooler (1.5-6 alcohol)
  • Non-alcoholic Beer- contains some alcohol (less
    than 1)

12
Alcohol the Body pg.411
  • About 20 of alcohol consumed is absorbed into
    bloodstream through stomach walls.
  • The majority is absorbed through intestine walls.
  • The remaining alcohol is excreted through urine,
    perspiration, or breath.

13
How Alcohol Affects the Body p.414
  • Nervous system- Brain- is being deprived of
    oxygen
  • Impairs senses, vision, hearing
  • Impaired motor skills, reaction time, judgment
  • Mood personality changes
  • Hallucinations
  • Violent angry behavior

14
Nervous System/ Terms
  • Blackouts (a period in which a person cannot
    remember what has happened) Type of amnesia
  • Seizures-
  • Dementia (decline in all areas of mental
    functioning)

15
Digestive systemP.414
  • Developing cancers of mouth, esophagus, stomach
  • Ulcers, open sore-irritation from the toxins in
    alcohol
  • Malnutrition-drinking interferes with absorption
    of nutrients
  • Liver disease (cirrhosis)
  • Stage I- fatty deposits on the liver
  • Stage II- Alcohol Hepatitis, liver swells,
    abdominal pain, fever, yellowing of skin
  • Stage III- Cirrhosis/Hardening of liver (NO CURE)

16
Immune Respiratory SystemsP. 214 215
  • Increased risk of developing illnesses
  • Alcohol decreases the amount of infection
    fighting cells
  • -you get sick a lot quicker and can not recover
    as quickly.
  • Respiration infections
  • Tuberculosis- lung infection
  • Cancers can occur much quicker

17
Affects on Body p. 414
  • Cardiovascular system
  • Damages heart blood vessels
  • Alcohol is high in FAT SUGAR causing the
    arteries to become clogged with fatty tissue,
    increasing amount of force to push blood through
    the vessels.
  • Increased risk for cardiovascular disease, heart
    disease, high blood pressure, high cholesterol,
    heart attack stroke.

18
Skeletal System/ Muscular System
  • Alcohol causes the bones to lose calcium and
    takes nutrients out of the body.
  • Bones become thin brittle and can lead to
    Osteoporosis, a condition in which the bones
    become thin brittle. This also causes injuries
    for frequently.
  • Muscles- tissue starts to deteriorate.

19
Urinary System
  • Alcohol causes an increase in urine flow. Heavy
    chronic drinking can cause the kidneys to shut
    down.
  • Kidneys- an organ that filters the blood
    excretes waste products.
  • Pancreas- releases hormones to regulate blood
    sugar. Alcohol use can lead to diabetes if the
    pancreas fails to produce hormones that regulate
    blood sugar.

20
Reproductive System- puberty
  • Females
  • -delay the menstrual cycle, or cause an
    irregular cycle.
  • - reduce fertility
  • - risk of breast cancer
  • - early onset of menopause

21
  • Males
  • - effect size of reproductive organs
  • - reduce fertility, reduce sperm count
    movement of sperm
  • - decrease muscle mass
  • - impaired sexual performance
  • (impotence- males cant get an erection)

22
Gastrointestinal System
  • Alcohol causes the stomach lining to become
    inflamed irritated.
  • Inflammation of the esophagus
  • Diarrhea vomiting
  • Cancer of the intestines colon
  • Inflammation/irritation of the intestines
  • Increases secretion of stomach acids

23
Alcohol Affects Every Cell in the Body pg.411
  • Most alcohol is changed to harmless waste by the
    liver
  • A Healthy Liver can only process about 1 drink/
    hour
  • If drink more then this the excess alcohol build
    up in the body
  • Alcohol goes to body tissue before excretion
  • Effects of alcohol intensify
  • Concentration of alcohol in blood increases

24
Hangover- a result of the chemicals used to make
alcohol. P.417
  • The only true treatment for a hangover is time!
  • When treating hangover symptoms, you should not
    use Tylenol, because it can cause permanent liver
    damage.
  • One of the worst things you can do for a person
    is give them another alcoholic beverage.

25
Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) p. 413
  • Higher the BAC, the greater the effects of
    alcohol on the body.
  • If the amount of alcohol (a toxin) is too large,
    stomach will reject it
  • Vomiting
  • Too much of a toxin (alcohol) can be poisonous.
  • BAC is a percentage of alcohol in the bloodstream.

26
What Happens as BAC Increases
  • See text page 413
  • .02-
  • .08-.10-
  • .20-
  • .40-

27
Factors that affect BAC (see text pg
412/413)
  • Amount consumed
  • Body weight
  • Feelings
  • Amount of food eaten
  • Carbonation of beverage
  • Speed consumed
  • of body fat
  • Gender
  • Presence of other drugs in blood
  • Age

28
WEIGHT vs. BODY FAT
  • BODY FAT DOES NOT ABSORB AS MUCH ALCOHOL AS
    MUSCLE DOES
  • Luke 220lbs. 15 body fat
  • Brett 220lbs. 30 body fat
  • Matt 150lbs. 25 body fat
  • Brian 115lbs. 25 body fat

29
Binge Drinking
  • See Handout
  • Definition-
  • Males
  • Females

30
Alcohol Poisoning
  • See Handout
  • 1. Write down what you should do when you suspect
    someone has alcohol poisoning.
  • 2. Write down what you should never do if you
    suspect someone has AP.
  • 3. List the 5 signs of alcohol Poisoning.
  • 4. Alcohol is bombarding the brain depriving it
    of _____ and starts to shut down
    _______functions.

31
Alcohol Laws P.418
  • Liquor Control Board
  • Controls all sales of alcoholic beverages
  • Underage Drinking
  • Zero-tolerance law
  • Lowers the legal BAC level for intoxicated
    drivers under 21 yrs of age
  • Driving Under the Influence (DUI)
  • Breathalyzer test accurate and common way police
    check BAC
  • Under 21 yrs 0.02
  • 21 yrs over 0.08

32
Laws Cont. 415 Chart
  • Parents can not buy alcohol for their children
    even if it is their own home.
  • Parents can be held accountable face fines for
    serving minors on their property.
  • A person under 21 can be arrested for underage
    drinking in PA if they are consuming,
    transporting possessing alcohol.
  • See law handout

33
Alcoholism (see text pg 419)
  • Disease in which there is physical and
    psychological dependence on alcohol.
  • Alcohol is a Sedative Hypnotic.
  • Difficulty controlling behavior
  • Denial
  • Withdrawal
  • Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome
  • Is the reaction of the body when someone stops
    drinking all of a sudden.
  • Delirium Tremens
  • Is a severe form of alcohol withdrawal syndrome
    in which there are hallucinations and muscle
    convulsions

34
Genetic Predisposition pg. 420
  • Definition- you are at a HIGHER risk of
    developing that disease if one or more of your
    BIOLOGICAL family members have that disease.

35
Getting Help p.420
  • Alcoholics Anonymous (AA)
  • Recovery program for people who have alcoholism (
    for the alcoholic)
  • Al-Anon
  • Recovery program for people who have friends or
    family members with alcoholism
  • Al-Ateen
  • Recovery program for teens who have a family
    member or friend with alcoholism
About PowerShow.com