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World%20War%20I%20and%20Its%20Aftermath

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World War I and Its Aftermath Chapter 10, World History The Stage is Set! Pressure for peace Nobel Peace Prize If women could vote there would be no war ! – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: World%20War%20I%20and%20Its%20Aftermath


1
World War I and Its Aftermath
  • Chapter 10, World History

2
The Stage is Set!
  • Pressure for peace
  • Nobel Peace Prize
  • If women could vote there would be no war!
  • Aggressive Nationalism
  • -Alsace and Lorraine (Germany and France)
  • -Pan-Slavism-Slavics ruled by Russia
  • Crisis in the Balkans-Break aways from Turkey..
    A powderkeg

3
The Stage
  • Economic and Imperial Rivalries
  • British Power
  • Germans No Respect
  • Militarism and the Arms Race
  • -Glorification of war
  • -Build up of troops

4
The Stage of Alliances
  • The Central Powers
  • Germany
  • Austria-Hungary
  • Italy
  • (and Russia!!)
  • The Allies
  • Britain
  • France
  • Russia
  • And Japan!!!

5
The Guns of August
  • A Murder with Millions of Victims
  • UPCLOSE, page 281
  • The Killer Gavrilo Princip
  • The Victims Francis Ferdinand and his wife
  • Place Sarajevo
  • Punishment Prison, too young to be tried as an
    adult

6
Peace Unravels
  • Upon news of his nephews assassination, Francis
    Joseph sent Serbians an Ultimatum. Serbia did not
    agree, Austria declared war on Serbia
  • Germans backed Austrians
  • Russia backed the Serbs
  • Russia asked France for help
  • Germans declared war on France

7
The Schlieffen Plan
  • The plan of the Germans if they were involved in
    a two front war.
  • Because Russia had a lumbering armystrike
    quickly at France, then go to Russia.
  • Germany had to go through Belgium, who had treaty
    with Britain. Britain declares war on Germany
  • Is war ever justified? See pages 404 and 405

8
A New Kind of Conflict
  • See page 285, Intro
  • The Western Front
  • -Trench Warfare
  • Stalemate for two years
  • They shall not pass (French)
  • Costly war 60,000 die in one day
  • Mechanized war, See page 287

9
Other European fronts
  • Disaster for Russia, some went into battle
    without a riflesyet the peasants had to fight
  • 1915 Bulgaria joined Central Powers and destroyed
    Serbia
  • Italians had disasterous battles, also

10
War Beyond Europe
  • War was being fought in the African Colonies
  • Middle East trouble/battles with the
    Turks/Ottomans
  • Japan allied with Britain and seized German
    outposts in China
  • The United States not invovled yet.

11
Winning the War
  • The Effects of Stalemate
  • Total War All a nations resources
  • Propaganda Controlling public opinion
  • Atrocities Horrible acts of innocent people
  • DESPERATION

12
A Poem by whom?
  • Hate by water and hate by land
  • Hate of the head and hate of the hand
  • We love as one, we hate as one
  • We have one foe and one alone
  • ENGLAND

13
Collapse of Moral
  • Germany sent 15 year olds to war
  • Britain on the brink of bankruptcy
  • Failures of victories
  • Troops mutinied and deserted
  • Russian troops left to help Revolution
  • RUSSIA WITHDRAWALS FROM WAR!!!!

14
The United States Declares War
  • Why?
  • The Germans attacked US ships (the story of the
    Lusitania)
  • Cultural ties to Britain
  • Zimmerman note
  • April 1917 America enters the war
  • The FINAL SHOWDOWN, see pages 292 and 293

15
Making the Peace
  • The Costs of War
  • 8.5 million dead
  • Double that for wounded
  • 1918 Influenza epidemic
  • Who pays for the War?
  • The Central Powers had to pay reparations
  • Governments of Germans, Austria-Prussian and
    Ottomans destroyed

16
Paris Peace Conference
  • The Big Three
  • Wilson urged Peace without Victory
  • David George(British PM)
  • Georges Clemenceau (French) Germany must never
    again threaten France Mr. Wilson bores me with
    his 14 points..
  • Only League of Nations from Wilson

17
The Treaty of Versailles
  • Germany full blame for war
  • Germany had huge reparations to pay(all
    destruction and Allies soldiers, widows, orphans,
    pensions)
  • Limited size of German Army
  • Alsace and Lorraine to France
  • No German overseas colonies
  • Germans signed the treaty because they had no
    choice

18
Other Settlements
  • Czechoslovakia, Austria, Hungary, Lithuania,
    Latvia, Estonia, and Yugoslavia new republics
  • Mandates governed by Allies in Europe controlled
    colonies
  • Japan ruled Germans China ports
  • Italians did not get land they were promised

19
Hopes for Global Peace
  • League of Nations
  • More than 40 nations joined the League
  • Agreed to negotiate, not fight
  • US Congress said, NO. US did not join the League
    of Nations
  • League was powerless
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