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The Civil Rights Movement

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The Civil Rights Movement Signs of Change 1947 MLB desegregated 1948 Armed forces integrated But still segregated in southern facilities (Plessey) and by de facto in ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Civil Rights Movement


1
The Civil Rights Movement

2
Signs of Change
  • 1947 MLB desegregated
  • 1948 Armed forces integrated
  • But still segregated in southern facilities
    (Plessey)
  • and by de facto in northern cities
  • Blacks had become political force in northern dem
    party

3
Background
  • Blacks historically denied rights
  • Prosperity of the 1950s passed them by
  • Between 1947-70 brings dramatic change
  • Cold War ideological battle fuels debate
  • Trumans initiatives blocked

4
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5
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6
Brown v Board of Education
  • Preceded by decision affecting higher ed
  • 1954 S.C. decision - segregation in schools is
    unconstitutional (14th Amendment)
  • Reversed Plessey v Ferguson (1896)
  • Thurgood Marshall Attorney for NAACP
  • Warren separate schools are inherently unequal
    schools must desegregate with all deliberate
    speed

7
Implementing Desegregation
  • Southern states close schools,
  • Little Rock Nine
  • Orville Faubus
  • Arkansas Nat Guard
  • Confrontation (1957) Ike sends fed soldiers to
    escort black students into white high school in
    Arkansas

8
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9
Federal Troops Enforcing Desegregation

10
Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955)
  • Rosa Parks violates Alabama segregation law by
    sitting in white section of bus is arrested
  • African Americans boycott buses citywide in
    protest
  • Baptist minister Martin Luther King becomes
    spokesman for boycott
  • 56 SC rules segregation of transportation
    unconstitutional

11
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12
Martin Luther King
  • Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
  • nonviolent protest
  • civil disobedience
  • Oratory

13
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14
March on Washington 63
  • MLK leads march
  • I Have a Dream
  • Turning point in civil rights movement
  • Civil Right Act passed next year

15
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16
Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee
  • SNCC
  • National Organization of Black College Students
    who Organized Sit-ins _at_ lunch-counters, pools,
    libraries, hotels
  • Greensboro, NC Woolworths 60

17
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18
Freedom Rides
  • 1961
  • Black and White members of CORE organized a
    integrated bus ride through the south to test the
    Supreme Court ruling outlawing segregation on
    public transportation.
  • Met with violence in Alabama

19
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20
Malcolm X
  • Petty Criminal
  • Converts to Islam in prison
  • Militant Civil Rights Leader
  • Nation of Islam
  • Elijah Muhammad
  • gtgt Org of Afro-American Unity
  • Black Nationalism
  • Assassinated in 65

21
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22
Kennedy on Civil Rights
  • Call to Kings Wife
  • The New Frontier Included rebuilding blighted
    inner-cities (failed in Congress)
  • Consolidates support of African American
    electorate
  • Civil Rights Bill

23
Lyndon Johnson on Civil Rights
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964 -Outlawed Discrimination
  • Voting Rights Act of 1965 outlawed literacy
    tests

24
James Meredith 1962
25
Resistance to Change
  • KKK
  • King X both assassinated
  • Birmingham Church Bombing
  • 4 girls killed

26

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28
Medgar Evers 1963
29
Stokely Carmichael
30
Selma March 1965
31
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32
George Wallace
  • Independence Party
  • Pro-Segregation Platform

33
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34
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