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WORLD%20GEOGRAPHY.%20%20%20CHAPTER%207%20NOTES%20%20%20SECTS%201-2

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Title: WORLD%20GEOGRAPHY.%20%20%20CHAPTER%207%20NOTES%20%20%20SECTS%201-2


1
WORLD GEOGRAPHY. CHAPTER 7 NOTES SECTS 1-2
  • SECTION ONE.
  • THE NORTHEAST
  • PP. 156160

2
I. THE NORTHEAST (NEW ENGLAND)
  • A. MADE UP OF 9 STATES (CAPITALS)
  • 1) MAINEAUGUSTA
  • 2) NEW HAMPSHIRECONCORD
  • 3) VERMONTMONTPELIER
  • 4) NEW YORKALBANY
  • 5) MASSACHUSETTSBOSTON
  • 6) RHODE ISLANDPROVIDENCE
  • 7) CONNCECTICUTHARTFORD
  • 8) NEW JERSEYTRENTON
  • 9) PENNSYLVANIAHARRISBURG.

3
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4
B) PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS
  • 1) SEVERAL MOUNTAIN RANGES
  • a) Pocono Mts. ( Penn. New York)
  • b) Catskill Mts. (New York)
  • c) Adirondack Mts.--New York
  • d) Green Mts. (Vermont) White Mts. (New
    Hampshire)
  • e) Appalachian Mts. (Most of new England)

5
2) SEVERAL FAST MOVING RIVERS AID INDUSTRY
TRANSPORTATION
  • a) Susquehanna River Delaware River (Penn.)
  • b) Mohawk River and Hudson River (New York)
  • c) Kennebec River (Maine)

6
3) LAND IS HILLY WITH ROCKY SOIL
  • a) Small subsistent farms, not much agricultural
    production in Eastern areas.
  • Larger farms in western New York and Pennsylvania
  • b) Pennsylvania coal only major natural resource.

7
C) NORTHEAST GREATEST RESOURCEWATER
  • 1) NATURAL HARBORS MAKE IT A CENTER OF TRADE
  • a) Great deal of Shipbuilding takes place here!
  • b) Fishing Industry Grand Banks Fishing area in
    North Atlantic
  • c) Fast rivers provide power (energy) to run
    industries.

8
D) THE DEVELOPING MEGALOPOLIS (WHEN THE CITIES
GROW SO MUCH THAT THEY SEEM TO BE ONE GIANT CITY)
  • 1) THE BOSTON TO WASHINGTON D.C. MEGALOPOLIS
  • a) Along Atlantic Coast
  • b) 40 Million people in this area.
  • 2) PROBLEMS OF THE MEGALOPOLIS
  • a) Lack of clean fresh water
  • b) Not enough room for waste disposal
  • c) Reduced population means higher taxes
  • d) Attractive targets for
    terrorists

9
E) DOMINANT CITIES OF THE NORTHEAST
  • 1) NEW YORKFINANCIAL AND BUSINESS CAPITAL OF THE
    WORLD
  • 2) BOSTONTRADE AND TOURIST CENTER
  • 3) BUFFALOLOCATION OF ERIE CANAL, CENTER OF
    TRADE
  • 4) PHILADELPHIACENTER OF AMERICAN HISTORICAL
    DEVELOPMENT
  • (Birthplace of the American Government)

10
Tourist Spots of the Northeast
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vrehLPyDCKxs

11
SECTION 2
  • THE SOUTHERN STATES

12
SECTION TWO. THE SOUTH 161-166
13
II. THE SOUTH A. MADE UP OF 16 STATES ( CAPITALS)
  • 1) DELAWAREDOVER
  • 2) MARYLAND ANNAPOLIS
  • 3) VIRGINIARICHMOND
  • 4) WEST VIRGINIACHARLESTON
  • 5) KENTUCKYFRANKFORT
  • 6) TENNESSEENASHVILLE
  • 7) NORTH CAROLINARALEIGH
  • 8) SOUTH CAROLINACOLUMBIA
  • 9) GEORGIAATLANTA
  • 10) ALABAMAMONTGOMERY
  • 11) FLORIDATALLHASSEE
  • 12) MISSISSIPPIJACKSON
  • 13) LOUISIANABATON ROUGE
  • 14) ARKANSASLITTLE ROCK
  • 15) TEXASAUSTIN
  • 16) OKLAHOMAOKLAHOMA CITY

14
B) CLIMATES OF THE AREA
  • 1) RAINY AND SUB TROPICAL(WARM WET CLIMATE)
  • a) Areas from East Texas to the Carolinas
  • b) Rainfall from 55-60 inches a year
  • c) Growth of Tropical Trees called Mangroves
  • d) Marshy areas of inlets and streams of
    Louisiana called the Bayous
  • e) Swampy area of Florida called the Everglades
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?vAu3NbCZ31lAlistSL
  • 2) DRY SEMI-ARID AREAS OF WEST TEXAS AND OKLAHOMA
  • a) Rainfall from 8-30 inches a year.

15
C) LINKING AGRICULTURE AND HISTORY
  • 1) SOUTH HAS LONG HAD RICH FERTILE SOILS
  • a) The Development of the South was based on
    Agriculture.
  • b) Southern planters developed the plantation.
  • 2) HISTORICALLYSOUTH IMPORTED SLAVES TO HELP
    THE DEVELOPMENT OF THEIR 3 MAIN CASH CROPS
  • a) Tobacco, cotton, rice.

16
C) LINKING AGRICULTURE AND HISTORY
  • 3) TRADE OF AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS FOR SLAVES AND
    OTHER PRODUCTS IS CALLED THE COLUMBIAN EXCHANGE
  • 4) 1840S TEXTILE MILLS BUILT IN THE SOUTH THAT
    LINKED COTTON PRODUCTION TO THE MAKING OF CLOTH.
  • a) Built on the FALL LINE between Appalachian
    Mountains and Atlantic coast Plain.
  • b) Use water power from Mountain
    streams rivers to run the mills!

17
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18
NEW INDUSTRY OF THE SOUTH
  • 5) NEW INDUSTRY HAS DEVELOPED AS A RESULT OF
    CHANGE
  • a) TexasPetrochemicals and Oil Products
  • b) Florida TexasSpace Exploration
  • c) Southern States from Carolinas to California
    (SUNBELT)-Tourism.
  • d) Tennessee GeorgiaAutomobiles
  • http//www.eduplace.com/kids/socsci/books/applicat
    ions/imaps/maps/g4n_u3/index.html

19
D) PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SOUTH
  • 1) DOMINATED BY THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER AND ALL OF
    ITS TRIBUTARIES.
  • a) Creates main port of New Orleans
  • 2) EASTERN RIVERS ARE WIDE AND SLOW MOVING
  • 3) POTOMAC RIVERLOCATION OF WASHINGTON D.C.
  • 4) TWO CHIEF MOUNTAIN RANGES
  • a) Appalachian Mountains.
  • 1) Rocky soil makes it one of the poorest
    sections of the U.S.--APPALACHIA
  • b) Great Smoky Mountains. (Carolinas
    Tennessee

20
E) THE PEOPLE OF THE SOUTH
  • 1) 3 OF THE LARGEST CITIES IN THE SOUTH (HOUSTON,
    DALLAS, SAN ANTONIO)
  • a) Makes Texas the 2nd most populated state.
  • 2) SOUTH HAS A DIVERSE (VARIED) CULTURE
  • a) 50 of African American population lives in
    the South
  • b) Growing Hispanic Population from Mexico and
    Cuba
  • c) New Orleans has a strong French
    influence.
  • Cajun CultureFrench-Hispanic Mix

21
F) WHAT HAS SLOWED THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE SOUTH?
  • 1) TRADITION OF RELIANCE ON AGRICULTURE
  • 2) LACK OF RESOURCES
  • 3) POLITICAL AND SOCIAL BIAS
  • 4) WEATHERSOUTH EXPERIENCES MOST EXTREMES IN
    WEATHER
  • a) Hurricanes and Tropical storms
  • http//www.youtube.com/watch?v24coWLD1rl4feature
    fvst

22
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