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CHILDREN AND LEARNING DISABILITY

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CHILDREN AND LEARNING DISABILITY Presented by- Mrs. Sharada Rangarajan TOPIC CLASSROOM SITUATION Role of an effective teacher TOPIC 2. DEFINITION DYSLEXIA - Medical ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: CHILDREN AND LEARNING DISABILITY


1
CHILDREN AND LEARNING DISABILITY
  • Presented by-
  • Mrs. Sharada Rangarajan

2
TOPIC
  • CLASSROOM SITUATION
  • Role of an effective teacher

3
TOPIC
  • 2. DEFINITION
  • DYSLEXIA - Medical Term
  • LEARNING
  • DISABLITY - Educational Term

4
TOPIC
  • 3.IDENTIFICATION POINTERS
  • TO DYSLEXIA
  • It is not the result of low IQ
  • Language deficiency
  • Lacks strategies
  • Poor Memory
  • Looks brighter than his reading and writing task
    suggest

Contd
5
Pointers to Dyslexia Contd
  • Inadequate attention span
  • Lacks self regulatory
  • mechanism
  • Disability in motor activities both fine and
    gross
  • Poor self esteem and confidence
  • Late in deciding which hand to use
  • Late talker and walker

6
DEFINITION
  • The simplest definition is
  • difficulty in learning to
  • READ
  • WRITE
  • ARITHMETIC

3 R
7
LEARNING DISORDER IN ACADEMIC AREA
  • Discrepancy in their work
  • Directional confusion
  • Problem in sequence
  • Difficulty in following instructions
  • Poor ability to draw geometrical shapes big
    small, tall short
  • Contd

8
LEARNING DISORDER IN ACADEMIC AREA
  • Problem in reading time, money value etc
  • Cannot give rhyming words
  • Difficulty with alphabet e.g. -sequencing, mixing
    capital lower case letters
  • A d C b E f i g H I J L K M n o p r q t u w y z
  • Confusion with symbols
  • b - d n u 6 q p q n
    z
  • w m f t h y r n x
  • -

  • Contd

9
LEARNING DISORDER IN ACADEMIC AREA
  • Errors in spelling e.g.- mirror image 18 as 81
    misses the correct order, misplaces silent
    letters
  • Does not perceive difference between similar
    consonant sounds
  • Avoids oral reading, reads with inaccuracy,
    misses out small words like for, when, in etc
  • b d m n c s b p
  • d t s z f-v g- k
  • Has problem in mathematical
  • calculations

10
LEARNING DISORDER IN ACADEMIC AREA
  • Asks the speaker to repeat while taking
    dictation
  • Avoids writing , erases, overwrites,
  • hides his work
  • May have some hidden talents
  • Makes typical errors in reading
  • and writing

11
  • Each student may have unique deficiency.
  • He/she may exhibit difficulty in one area and be
    perfectly normal in other areas.
  • NO TWO DYSLEXICS ARE THE SAME

12
REMEDIAL THERAPY
  • Basics- Letter , names , sounds and words
  • II. Sound Blending Syllable
  • III. Spelling rules - Simple
  • IV. Phonetic Method
  • V. Multi-sensory activities- see,
    read, write say , review

13
REMEDIAL THERAPY
  • VI. Pneumonic cues e.g.- hat becomes what
    with w in the front
  • VII. Provide Kinesthetic cues e.g.-
  • a- at the chair, e- edge, i in ,
  • o-on, u under
  • VIII. Visual and Auditory cues
  • Give simple and short directions
  • X. Tape recorders

14
How learning happens?
  • The brain receives the visual and
    auditory information by seeing/listening
  • 1


Monitors the results by visual
auditory clues
3
2 Sets the fine motor
impulses into action
15
ASSOCIATED BEHAVIOURAL PROBLEMS
  • 1. When does a particular behavioral
  • pattern become a PROBLEM ?
  • 2. Why do problems arise in the child?
  • Inherited
  • Poor/low I.Q.
  • Serious illness
  • Mild brain dysfunction
  • e) Defective sensory organs
  • f) Problems associated with learning disability
    e.g.-ADHD

16
ADHD
  • POINTERS-
  • 1.Fidgets
  • 2.Gets distracted
  • 3.Talks excessively
  • 4.Comes out with answers before the
  • question is finished
  • 5. Problem in following instructions
  • 6. Difficulty in waiting for turns in
    games
  • 7. Difficulty in sustaining attention

17
ADHD- Pointers
  • 8. Difficulty in playing quietly
  • 9. Careless about his own
  • belongings
  • 10. Problem in getting seated
  • 11. Engages himself in dangerous activities/games
  • 12. No anticipation
  • 13.Shifts from one uncompleted activity to
    another
  • 14.Interferes in others tasks /games

18
LIST OF PREACADEMIC SKILLS
  • Colour Recognition
  • Visual Discrimination
  • Visual Memory
  • 4. Identification of body parts
  • 5. Taking instructions
  • 6. Verbal fluency
  • 7. Articulation sounds( pictures with
  • names which have different sounds)

8. Gross motor co-ordination
19
LIST OF PREACADEMIC SKILLS
  • 9.Fine motor co-ordination
  • 10.Counting- ask to count by rote
  • 11. Alphabets- ask to recite
  • 12. Write numbers in sequence
  • 13. Write alphabets in sequence
  • 14. Auditory Memory
  • 15.Write his/her name

20
SIMPLE WAYS TO HELP CHILDREN WITH LEARNING
DISABILITY
  • Preferential Seating
  • Eye contact before giving
  • instructions
  • Reduced Assignments
  • Special Projects in lieu with homework
  • Multiple Choice Questions

21
SIMPLE WAYS TO HELP CHILDREN WITH LEARNING
DISABILITY
  • Peer Study buddy to help him get
  • organised
  • Cut Assignments into segments
  • Help children learn self-monitoring techniques
  • Provide extra time to complete the task
  • Enlist parents help

22
SIMPLE WAYS TO HELP CHILDREN WITH LEARNING
DISABILITY
  • Frequent positive encouragement
  • Find things he/she is good at
  • Encourage hobbies interest
  • in games/cultural activities
  • Praise him/her for the effort
  • GREAT ENEMIES
  • TIME QUANTITY OF WORK

23
Thank You
Graphics Animation By Divya Anukul
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