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The Executive Branch

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Title: The Executive Branch


1
The Executive Branch
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2
Section 1 The Presidency
The Main Idea
  • The president and the vice president are required
    to have certain qualifications.
  • Reading Focus
  • What are the qualifications and terms of office
    for the presidency?
  • What are the duties of the vice president?
  • What are the rules of succession for the
    presidency?

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3
SECTION
Section 1 The Presidency
1
Qualifications for the presidency
  • Native-born U.S. citizen
  • At least 35 years of age
  • A resident of the United States for at least 14
    years

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SECTION
Section 1 The Presidency
1
Terms of office
  • Four-year term and may be elected to a second
    term
  • Salary of 400,000 per year plus 50,000
    nontaxable allowance

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SECTION
Section 1 The Presidency
1
Duties and terms of office of the vice president
  • Takes over if the president dies, resigns, or is
    removed from office
  • Presides over the Senate
  • Must meet the same constitutional qualifications
    as the president
  • Salary of 186,300 per year plus 10,000 taxable
    allowance

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SECTION
Section 1 The Presidency
1
The order of presidential succession
  • The vice president
  • The Speaker of the House
  • The president pro tempore of the Senate
  • Members of the president's cabinet in the order
    in which their departments were created

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SECTION
Section 1 The Presidency
1
Question What are the terms of office and the
duties of the vice president?
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SECTION
Section 1 The Presidency
1
Question What are the terms of office and the
duties of the vice president?
  • Terms of Office
  • four years
  • Duties
  • preside over the Senate
  • remain prepared to assume presidency
  • help presidential candidate get elected

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Section 2 Powers and Roles of the President
The Main Idea
  • The powers and roles of the U.S. president affect
    not only the citizens of the United States but
    also people throughout the world.
  • Reading Focus
  • What are some of the leadership roles of the
    president?
  • What powers does the president have?

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SECTION
Section 2 Powers and Roles of the President
2
The President and the Legislative Process
  • Recommends laws to Congress in speeches, writing,
    or through State of the Union Address
  • Sends Congress an economic message
  • Influences legislation with veto power

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SECTION
Section 2 Powers and Roles of the President
2
Congress and the Commander in Chief
  • Only Congress can declare war.
  • The president has the power to send troops into
    foreign lands.
  • 1973War Powers Act requires troops to be
    recalled within 60 days unless approved by
    Congress to stay longer

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SECTION
Section 2 Powers and Roles of the President
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President's duties as foreign-policy leader and
chief of state
  • Appoints officials to represent the United States
    abroad
  • Travels to foreign nations to meet with leaders
    and representatives of other countries
  • Serves as the nation's chief diplomat and assumes
    final responsibility for treaties
  • Symbolizes the United States and its people
  • Performs ceremonial duties

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SECTION
Section 2 Powers and Roles of the President
2
Question What are the duties of the president as
foreign-policy leader and chief of state?
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SECTION
Section 2 Powers and Roles of the President
2
Question What are the duties of the president as
foreign-policy leader and chief of state?
  • President's Duties as Foreign Policy Leader and
  • Chief of State
  • secure friendly relations with foreign
    governments
  • preserve the security of the United States
  • appoint officials to represent the United States
    in foreign countries
  • meet with leaders of foreign countries
  • travel abroad to meet with foreign leaders
  • assume responsibility for treaties with foreign
    countries

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Section 3 Executive Departments and the Cabinet
The Main Idea
  • The executive branch of the U.S. government is
    divided into several departments, each of which
    has certain duties.
  • Reading Focus
  • What is the Executive Office of the President,
    and what is the cabinet?
  • What are the purposes of the Department of State
    and the Department of Defense?
  • What are the other executive departments in the
    federal government?

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Section 3 Executive Departments and the Cabinet
3
The Executive Office of the President
  • Established in 1939 and reorganized by each
    president
  • Contains agencies and offices that advise the
    president on current issues
  • The White House Office keeps the presidential
    schedule, writes speeches, and maintains
    relations with Congress, the press, and the
    public.

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SECTION
Section 3 Executive Departments and the Cabinet
3
The 15 executive departments work to improve life
for all Americans.
  • Housing and Urban Development (HUD)
  • Justice (DOJ)
  • Labor (DOL)
  • State (DOS)
  • Interior (DOI)
  • Treasury
  • Transportation (DOT)
  • Veterans Affairs (VA)
  • Agriculture (USDA)
  • Commerce (DOC)
  • Defense (DOD)
  • Education (ED)
  • Energy (DOE)
  • Health and Human Services (HHS)
  • Homeland Security (DHS)
  • newest executive department

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SECTION
Section 3 Executive Departments and the Cabinet
3
Question What are the fifteen department
secretaries included in the president's cabinet?
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SECTION
Section 3 Executive Departments and the Cabinet
3
Question What are the fifteen department
secretaries included in the president's cabinet?
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Section 4 Independent Agencies and Regulatory
Commissions
The Main Idea
  • The Independent Agencies and Regulatory
    Commissions of the U.S. government perform
    specialized duties.
  • Reading Focus
  • What are some examples of independent agencies,
    and what duties do they perform?
  • What are regulatory commissions, and who runs
    them?
  • What makes up the federal bureaucracy?

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SECTION
Section 4 Independent Agencies and Regulatory
Commissions
4
Independent Agencies
  • Perform specialized duties that do not fit into
    regular departments
  • Some serve all of the departments and some assist
    the work of the entire government.
  • Examples
  • - U.S. Commission on Civil Rights
  • - Farm Credit Administration
  • - Small Business Administration
  • - National Aeronautics and Space Administration

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SECTION
Section 4 Independent Agencies and Regulatory
Commissions
4
Regulatory Commissions
  • Independent agencies make rules and bring
    violators to court.
  • Commission heads are appointed by the president
    and approved by Congress to serve long terms.
  • Commissions are independent in order to freely do
    their jobs.

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SECTION
Section 4 Independent Agencies and Regulatory
Commissions
4
Regulatory Commissions (continued)
  • Examples
  • Federal Election Commission
  • Consumer Product Safety Commission
  • Securities and Exchange Commission
  • National Labor Relations Board

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SECTION
Section 4 Independent Agencies and Regulatory
Commissions
4
The Federal Bureaucracy
  • Formed by the departments and agencies of the
    executive branch
  • Almost 3 million workers
  • Operates under heavy rules and regulations that
    create "red tape" but allow the executive branch
    to function

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SECTION
Section 4 Independent Agencies and Regulatory
Commissions
4
Question What are some of the independent
agencies and regulatory commissions of the
federal government?
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SECTION
Section 4 Independent Agencies and Regulatory
Commissions
4
Question What are some of the independent
agencies and regulatory commissions of the
federal government?
  • Agencies
  • Commission on Civil Rights
  • Farm Credit Administration

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SECTION
Section 4 Independent Agencies and Regulatory
Commissions
4
Question What are some of the independent
agencies and regulatory commissions of the
federal government?
  • Regulatory Commissions
  • Federal Election Commission
  • Consumer Product Safety Commission
  • Securities and Exchange Commission
  • National Labor Relations Board
  • National Aeronautics and Space Administration
  • Small Business Administration
  • Office of Personnel Management
  • General Services Administration

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Chapter 6 Wrap-Up
Wrap-Up
  • What is the vice president's role in the
    government?
  • What limitation did the Twenty-second Amendment
    place on the terms of the presidency?
  • What is the purpose of the State of the Union
    Address?
  • How does the president participate in the
    legislative process?
  • How does the Executive Office of the President
    serve the president?
  • What other position do the executive department
    heads hold?
  • Why are the independent agencies separate from
    the executive departments?

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