Late Nineteenth-Century Imperialism and the Scramble for Africa - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – Late Nineteenth-Century Imperialism and the Scramble for Africa PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 79a409-ZTQ2Y



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

Late Nineteenth-Century Imperialism and the Scramble for Africa

Description:

Title: PowerPoint Presentation - New Imperialism, 1880-1914 Author: Mark Baker Last modified by: mbaker Created Date: 10/18/2005 10:40:48 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:95
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 27
Provided by: MarkBa160
Learn more at: http://home.ku.edu.tr
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Late Nineteenth-Century Imperialism and the Scramble for Africa


1
Late Nineteenth-Century Imperialism and the
Scramble for Africa
  • 1880-1914

2
(No Transcript)
3
Africa, 1794
4
Map_22.05.jpg
5
Map_22.06.jpg
6
Causes of New Imperialism
  • ECONOMIC motives profit?
  • PRESTIGE and NATIONALISM
  • DOMESTIC POLITICS Bismarck
  • INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION and its technological
    advances
  • Ideological reasons
  • SOCIAL DARWINISM
  • WHITE MANS BURDEN
  • MISSIONARY ZEAL

7
Cecil Rhodes, 1853-1902
  • Epitomized British Imperialism
  • Fifth son of English Vicar
  • Went to Natal, studied at Oxford
  • 1888 founded DeBeers Mines
  • Most enthusiastic imperialist
  • Rhodesia, founded 1895

8
King of Belgium, Leopold II (r. 1865-1909)
  • 1860 "I believe that the moment is come for us
    to extend our territories. I think that we must
    lose no time, under penalty of seeing the few
    remaining good positions seized upon by more
    enterprising nations than our own.
  • 1876 International Association for the
    Exploration and Civilization of the Congo

9
Henry M. Stanley (1841-1904)
  • Orphan
  • Self-made
  • Wanderer
  • Journalist
  • Explorer
  • Found David Livingstone
  • 1878 goes to work for Leopold

10
Map_22.05.jpg
11
Pierre de Brazza (1852-1905)
  • Italian born, 7th son of nobleman
  • Explored the north of the Congo river for France
  • Brazzaville
  • Ran into conflict with Stanley

12
Egypt
  • Muhammad Ali, 1769-1849 r. 1805-1848
  • Ottoman general (Albanian) turned ruler and
    reformer
  • Focus Military reform
  • Agriculture Cotton, profitable but devastating
  • Tried to Europeanize Egypt.
  • 1820s conquered Sudan

13
Egypt
  • Ismail Pasha, r. 1863-1879 (grandson of Ali)
  • Paris educated
  • 1867 Khedive/Hidiv of Egypt and Sudan
  • Further modernized
  • Post office
  • Sugar industry
  • Railroads
  • Suez Canal

14
Egypt
  • Suez Canal (completed 1869)
  • But Europeanization greatly increased debt, from
    3 to 100 million pounds
  • 1875 Ismail forced to sell shares in Suez Canal
    Company
  • British PM DIsraeli paid 4 million pounds
  • British and French interference increased.
  • 1879 Pressured Ottoman Sultan to replace Ismail
    with Tewfik.

15
Urabi revolt, 1879-1882
  • Col. Ahmed Urabi
  • Egyptian nationalist party
  • Anti-European
  • Anti-Ottoman
  • British and French worried of debt and Suez (sent
    warships)
  • June 1882 Provoked riots in Alexandria
  • British decided to occupy

16
Berlin Conference (1884-1885) Otto von Bismarck
and Jules Ferry
Participants Germany AustriaHungary Belgium Denm
ark France United Kingdom Italy Netherlands Portug
al Russia Spain Sweden-Norway Ottoman Empire
  1. Effective Occupation
  2. Congo Free State
  3. Abolished Slavery

17
Battle of Khartoum, 1885
18
Battle of Adwa, 1896 Menelik II of Ethiopia vs.
Italy
  • Ethiopians 100,000 troops 40 artillery guns
  • Italians 15,000 troops, 56 artillery guns
  • Casualties 8000 each side

19
Battle of Omdurman, 1898
20
Maxim gun and modern artillery
21
Fashoda incident, 1898
  • French Jean-Baptiste Marchand
  • British Horatio Herbert Kitchener (later Lord
    Kitchener)

22
George Washington Williams (1849-1891)
  • First African American Historian
  • 1889 Leopold II
  • 1890 Congo Free State to settle African
    Americans
  • 1890 wrote Leopold an open letter
  • 1891 died

23
Joseph Conrad (1857-1924)
  • Jozef Teodor Konrad Nalecz Korzeniowski
  • Merchant marine
  • Languages
  • Congo in 1890
  • Heart of Darkness (1899)

24
Map_22.06.jpg
25
Consequences of New Imperialism
  • 1. ARMY OF OCCUPATION Guns and plunder
  • 2. AFRICAN SOCIETY
  • DEATH
  • RULES OF SOCIETY
  • ECONOMY World Map of GDP per capita
  • NEW BORDERS
  • HUMILIATION

26
Consequences (cont.)
  • 3. CULTURE
  • 4. CONFLICT AMONGST IMPERIAL POWERS
  • 5. ENCOURAGED EUROPEANS SENSE OF SUPERIORITY and
    RACISM
About PowerShow.com