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Through the 100 Years

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The Hundred Years War Through the 100 Years War, England and France forged their identities as nation-states while establishing fundamental institutions of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Through the 100 Years


1
The Hundred Years War
  • Through the 100 Years War, England and France
    forged their identities as nation-states while
    establishing fundamental institutions of
    government.

2
Importance
  • Militarily, it ended both medieval tactics and
    chivalric rules of war.
  • England won most battles, the famous ones being
    Crecy in 1346, Poitiers in 1356, and Agincourt in
    1415, by using artillery for the first time and
    the longbow which unhorsed knights in armor and
    proved superior to the crossbow.
  • The effective use of cannon meant stone castles
    became obsolete while the expense of artillery
    enhanced the power of national governments.
  • Emergence of Nationalism
  • Public opinion was manipulated on both sides by
    sensationalizing the evils of the other fostering
    mutual hatred that helped nationalism to grow in
    each.
  • French won the war largely because of
    nationalistic fervor stimulated by Joan of Arc.

3
Consequences
  • The death toll was huge in contrast to medieval
    wars.
  • The economies of France and the Low Countries
    were devastated.
  • The war helped the development of Parliament in
    England, as Edwards III constant need for money
    for the war forced him to call Parliament into
    session 37 out of 50 years of his reign.
  • In other countries, representative assemblies
    were losing their role as kings centralized their
    power.
  • But in England, the Commons - consisting of
    knights and wealthy burghers - separated out from
    the lords and won the right to approve all
    non-feudal taxes in 1341.
  • England was also unusual in that it had one
    Parliament for the whole country, while
    elsewhere, regional assemblies was the norm.
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