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THE PASSIVE

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THE PASSIVE all forms We use the passive when we want to talk about an action but are not interested in saying who or what does/did the action. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: THE PASSIVE


1
THE PASSIVE all forms
  • We use the passive when we want to talk about an
    action but are not interested in saying who or
    what does/did the action. If we mention the agent
    it is introduced by by.

2
The form
  • The verb to be in the appropriate tense followed
    by the past participle.
  • present simple is held
  • present continuous is being held
  • present perfect has been held
  • past simple was held
  • past continuous was being rebuilt
  • past perfect had been held
  • future will be held
  • infinitive is to be held
  • gerund avoid being held

3
Some uses of the passive
  • When the agent is not known
  • She was murdered. (dont know who did it)
  • To focus on issues for example in academic and
    scientific English
  • Describe rules and procedures
  • Describe commercial, industrial and scientific
    processes
  • Describe historical, economic and social processes

4
HAVE SOMETHING DONE
  • This passive structure is used when you ask or
    pay another person to do something for you
  • I took a photo of Westminster Bridge.
  • I had my photo taken on the Bridge.
  • ( I asked someone to take my photo)
  • Have is the main verb in these sentences so it
    changes according to the tense
  • Im going to have my hair cut tomorrow.
  • I had my car repaired after the accident.

5
It is said, believed
  • This formal structure is used especially in news
    reports and on TV with the verbs know, tell,
    understand, report, expect, say and think. It
    makes the information sound more impersonal.
  • You can use It is said, believed.. that
    clause It is said that the company may close.
  • You can use He, The man, etc (the subject of the
    clause) is said, believed, to infinitive
    (eg to be) or perfect infinitive (eg to have
    been) The man is said to be in his 40s.

6
To have done exercise
  • Complete the sentences with the right form of
    have and pp.
  • build clean cut paint renew
  • repair service
  • We . flat next month.
  • Your hair looks fantastic! Thanks. I . had it
    cut yesterday.
  • My coat is really dirty. I need to .. it
    ..
  • You should .. your car ..every 10,000
    kilometres.
  • Our fridge is broken. Are you going to buy a new
    one or it ?
  • Ill need to .my passport before my next
    holiday.
  • Our neighbour is ..a new garage .. built at
    the moment.
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