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Part IV: Middle Childhood Chapter 9

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Part IV: Middle Childhood Chapter 9 Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Childhood Focus: Ann Bancroft, Polar Explorer Aspects of Physical Development Growth ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Part IV: Middle Childhood Chapter 9


1
Part IV Middle ChildhoodChapter 9
  • Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle
    Childhood

2
Focus Ann Bancroft, Polar Explorer
  • First woman to reach the North and South Poles
    by nonmotorized means
  • First woman to ski across Greenland and part of
    first team of women to ski across the landmass of
    Antarctica
  • Adventuresome nature stems from childhood. Her
    parents encouraged risk-taking and fostered a
    love of the outdoors
  • In seventh grade, was diagnosed with dyslexia, a
    challenge that later gave her the determination
    to succeed as a polar explorer
  • Today Bancroft is a leader in helping children
    with learning disabilities, as well as shattering
    stereotypes about women

3
Aspects of Physical Development
  • Growth
  • Nutrition
  • Malnutrition
  • Obesity and Body Image
  • Motor Development

4
Checkpoint Can you
  • Explain the significance of rough-and-tumble
    play?
  • Describe changes in the types of physical play
    children engage in as they grow older?
  • Explain why some children are not as physically
    fit as they should be?

5
Health and Safety
  • Medical Problems
  • Vision and Hearing Problems
  • Asthma
  • HIV and AIDS
  • Accidental Injuries

6
Piagetian Approach The Concrete Operational
Child
  • How do school-age childrens thinking and moral
    reasoning differ from those of younger children?

7
Advances in Selected Cognitive Abilities During
Middle Childhood
Spatial thinking Seriation and transitive inference
Cause and effect Inductive and deductive reasoning
Classification Conservation
8
Whats Your View?
  • Do you agree that intent is an important factor
    in morality? In what ways does the criminal
    justice system reflect or contradict this view?

9
Information Processing and Intelligence
  • Memory and Other Processing Skills
  • Basic Processes and Capacities
  • Metamemory Understanding Memory
  • Mnemonics Strategies for Remembering
  • Selective Attention
  • Information Processing and Piagetian Tasks

10
Information Processing and Intelligence
  • Psychometric Approach Testing Intelligence
  • Traditional Group and Individual Tests
  • The IQ Controversy
  • Is There More Than One Intelligence?
  • Other New Directions in Intelligence Testing

11
Eight Intelligences, According to Gardner
Intelligence Fields or Occupations Where Used
Linguistic Writing, editing, translating
Logical-mathematical Science, business, medicine
Musical Musical composition, conducting
Spatial Architecture, carpentry, city planning
Bodily-kinesthetic Dancing, athletics, surgery
Interpersonal Teaching, acting, politics
Intrapersonal Counseling, psychiatry, spiritual leadership
Naturalist Hunting, fishing, farming, gardening, cooking
12
Language and Literacy
  • Vocabulary, Grammar, and Syntax
  • Pragmatics Knowledge about Communication
  • Literacy
  • Identifying Words
  • Comprehension
  • Writing

13
The Child in School
  • Entering First Grade

14
The Child in School
  • Influences on School Achievement
  • The Child Self-Efficacy Beliefs and Academic
    Motivation
  • Parenting Practices
  • Socioeconomic Status
  • Teacher Expectations
  • The Educational System
  • The Culture

15
The Child in School
  • How do schools meet the needs of
    non-English-speaking children and those with
    learning problems?

16
The Child in School
  • Second Language Education
  • Children with Learning Problems
  • Mental Retardation
  • Learning Disabilities
  • Hyperactivity and Attention Deficits
  • Educating Children with Disabilities

17
The Child in School
  • Gifted Children
  • Identifying Gifted Children
  • The Lives of Gifted Children
  • Defining and Measuring Creativity
  • Educating Gifted Children

18
Digging Deeper
  • Childrens Understanding of Illness

19
Practically Speaking
  • The Homework Debate
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