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Thy Word is a Lamp Unto My Feet

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Title: Thy Word is a Lamp Unto My Feet


1
Thy Word is a Lamp Unto My Feet
  • And a Light Unto My Path

2
Last week we asked the question,
  • ... are we as individuals,
  • and also as Heads of households
  • responsible, and even charged by God,
  • to be personally diligent in His word so that
  • we might exercise faithfully the administration
  • of our own particular appointments?

3
And the answer is still...
  • ...Yes!
  • Then, to see who was responsible and to what
    extent,
  • we looked at 6 passages related to
  • family, fatherhood, and relational discipleship
  • because family is the foundation of all society,
  • and the fountain head of every other institution.

4
This is the good Option - Duet 61-9
(to the heads of house) Know the word Do the word Pass it on To posses the land-all thy long days (thats the charge) THEREFORE --gt God is Lord Love Lord God With ALL heart, soul, might These words SHALL BE in your heart Teach DILIGENTLY to your kids Talk WHEN YOU sit, walk, lie down, rise up SHALL BIND on thy hand SHALT BE before thy eyes SHALL WRITE on your gates and posts
5
This is the bad option-Psalm 781-8
Give ear to the law Incline ear to the words of my mouth Weve heard and known our fathers told us We wont hide it from THEIR children We will show it to the generation to come Gods praises, strength, and wonderful works Gods testimony (people/reflection) in Jacob His law in Israel It is commanded of fathers that this be made known to their children So THAT they might set hope in God, not forget His works, keep His commands, So THAT they might Not be like their forefathers Stubborn, rebellious, hearts not aright, spirits not steadfast
6
What is at The heart of these charges?
7
What is at The heart of these charges?
  • Yes, The word!
  • And
  • Fathers and family!
  • (relational discipleship)

8
  • Proverbs 226
  • speaks to the intimate relationship as a
    beginning and basis for training
  • Mal 44-6 - prophecy
  • Remember ye the law of Moses my servant,
    (apparently not)
  • with the statutes and judgments.
  • I will send you Elijah the prophet
  • he shall turn the heart of the fathers to the
    children, (this is the fix to the problem of not
    remembering)
  • and the heart of the children to their fathers,
  • lest I come and smite the earth with a curse.
    (or else)
  • Luke 117 - fulfilment (Jn Baptist)
  • thy wife Elisabeth shall bear thee a son (Jn B.)
  • And he shall go before him in the spirit and
    power of Elias,
  • to turn the hearts of the fathers to the
    children,
  • and the disobedient to the wisdom of the just
  • to make ready a people prepared for the Lord.

9
Notice the order and responsibility
Wives submit to your husbands Husbands love your wives, as Christ did THAT You might cleans with the word AND present glorious to your self Holy and without blemish Children Obey and honor your parents THAT It may be well with you You may live long Fathers Provoke not your children to wrath BUT Bring them up in Nurture and Admonition
10
The answer to the first question...
  •  ... are we as individuals really responsible to
    gird up the loins of our understanding.?
  • is, yes! (read 1st peter 1)
  • So then, a second question logically follows
    what happens if we do not fulfill our individual
    responsibility in seeing that we personally
    become grounded in the doctrines of the faith
    with precision, breadth, and depth, and
    specifically with regard to the details of our
    own lives and relationships?

11
Destruction !
  • 6 My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge
  • because thou hast rejected knowledge,
  • I will also reject thee, that thou shalt be no
    priest to me
  • Seeing thou hast forgotten the law of thy God,
  • I will also forget thy children Hosea 46 (KJV)
  • There is a connection between our responsibility
    with Gods word, and our children's future. Gods
    word defines that responsibility clearly!

12
2Pe 315b-18 The short version...
  • Paraphrased,
  • Even Paul spoke some things that were hard to
    learn
  • The unlearned and unstable wrest them to their
    own destruction
  • Beware you too dont follow the wickeds error
    and fall from steadfastness
  • BUT, (instead) grow in grace and knowledge
  • In both the old and new testament, God says that
    not accurately knowing
  • (and doing) Gods word leads to destruction!

13
So then, regarding having teachers...
  • Acts 1711 These (Bereans) were more noble than
    those in Thessalonica, in that they received the
    word with all readiness of mind, and searched the
    scriptures daily, whether those things were so.
  • Their attitude towards the word and teaching was
    receptive readiness.
  • BUT they took personal responsibility for what
    they believed.
  • They went to scripture to verify what they would
    embrace (or not)
  • It is not enough for us to hear the word
    preached.
  • We must seek out if what we have heard is valid,
  • AND, we must study on our own to be
  • fully equipped unto every good work.

14
We learned two new words
  • Exegesis ? Exposition ? Application
  •  
  • And why is it so important for everyone to study
    so carefully and diligently
  • Because our application depends on our study
  • Observe to do, dont be a hearer only, bear
    fruit in keeping with repentance, walk worthy of
    your calling
  • The point of study is to do!

15
The point of study is to do!
  • Our sanctification and maturity (and our
    children)
  • depend on our application of doctrine.
  • Our doctrines accuracy and validity depends on
    our study habits and techniques
  • Bad study habits?
  • bad doctrines?
  • bad applications?
  • bad life(s) ?
  • And usually, bad kids

16
This is where Hermeneutics comes in.
  • Hermeneutics is the science of interpretation
    that allows us to accurately extract the original
    literal meaning from the text at hand. This type
    of studying is called exegesis.
  • .
  • Hermeneutics consists of principals and rules
    by which we rightly divide the word of truth in
    order to extract the actual, factual, and
    originally intended message of the author, as
    given to his original audience.
  • Hermeneutics is the means by which we discern
    through the bible passages original context, the
    relevant unchanging eternal commands and
    principles of God so that we might apply them to
    our lives - in our own context.

17
The term hermeneutics comes from the pagan god
Hermes. He was the messenger who brought messages
from the pagan gods to the mortals, "translating"
them so that they could be understood.
  • Do you suppose he changed the message,
  • or just the language?

18
Hermes interpreted the message of the Gods
  • ... giving the actual intended/original meaning
    to the people. The Greek verb hermeneuo means, to
    bring someone to an understanding of what is
    conveyed in another language, making it clear and
    intelligible. 
  • Hermeneutics then, is the science, mechanics, or
    process of interpretation.
  • Interpretation is the rendering or translation of
    the same original truth to an understandable form

19
Therefore our hermeneutical objective in
study must be to
  •  
  • Figure out what the passage meant to the author
  • in his own time and context,
  • BEFORE
  • we try to figure out what it means to us now in
    ours!
  • This is Why we
  • 2Ti 215 Study to shew thyself approved unto
    God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed,
    rightly dividing the word of truth.

20
Well then,
  • Understanding Gods word as it is relevant to us
    takes hard academic work!
  • But I guess we have to do it if we are going
  • to know what God has really said!
  • All right then, lets roll up our sleeves
  • and get to it!

21
WAIT!
  • Is there anything else we need?

22
  • 1Co 26-16 Howbeit we speak wisdom among them
    that are perfect yet not the wisdom of this
    world, nor of the princes of this world, that
    come to nought 7 But we speak the wisdom of God
    in a mystery, even the hidden wisdom, which
    God ordained before the world unto our glory 8
    Which none of the princes of this world knew for
    had they known it, they would not have
    crucified the Lord of glory. 9 But as it is
    written, Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard,
    neither have entered into the heart of man, the
    things which God hath prepared for them that love
    him. 10 But God hath revealed them unto us by
    his Spirit for the Spirit searcheth all things,
    yea, the deep things of God. 11 For what man
    knoweth the things of a man, save the spirit of
    man which is in him? even so the things of God
    knoweth no man, but the Spirit of God. 12 Now we
    have received, not the spirit of the world, but
    the spirit which is of God that we might know
    the things that are freely given to us of God. 13
    Which things also we speak, not in the words
    which man's wisdom teacheth, but which the Holy
    Ghost teacheth comparing spiritual things with
    spiritual. 14 But the natural man receiveth not
    the things of the Spirit of God for they are
    foolishness unto him neither can he know them,
    because they are spiritually discerned. 15 But
    he that is spiritual judgeth all things, yet he
    himself is judged of no man. 16 For who hath
    known the mind of the
  • Lord, that he may instruct him? But we have the
    mind of Christ.

23
  • Can unsaved people make sense of,
  • and understand the bible?

24
Yes.
  • Can unsaved people make sense of,
  • and understand the bible?

25
  • What is the difference between knowing about God
  • and actually knowing God??

26
The Holy Spirit.(salvation)
  • What is the difference between knowing about God
  • and knowing God?

27
What is the difference between revelation/inspirat
ion, and illumination?
28
What is the difference between revelation/inspirat
ion, and illumination?
  • Revelation/inspiration - speaks to how
  • Gods word got from Him, to the bible
  • Illumination - speaks to how it gets
  • from the bible to our quickened minds/hearts

29
  • What is discernment?

30
Dividing or distinguishing between 2 or more
things
  • What is discernment?

31
What is good Christian spiritual discernment?
32
What is good Christian spiritual discernment?
  • Discernment is the ability to decide between
    truth and error, right and wrong the process of
    making careful distinctions in our thinking about
    truth. In other words, the ability to think with
    discernment is synonymous with an ability to
    think biblically. J.McAurther

33
  • Gods word, rightly divided
  • the Holy Spirits illumination
  • Discernment
  • (wisdom in, context)

34
  • 1st Thes 521-22 But examine everything
    carefully hold fast to that which is good
    abstain from every form of evil.
  •  
  • 2nd Ptr 1 3-4 seeing that His divine power has
    granted to us everything pertaining to life and
    godliness, through the true knowledge of Him who
    called us by His own glory and excellence. For by
    these He has granted to us His precious and
    magnificent promises, so that by them you may
    become partakers of the divine nature, having
    escaped the corruption that is in the world by
    lust
  •  
  • Heb 412 For the word of God is living and
    powerful, and sharper than any two-edged sword,
    piercing even to the division of soul and spirit,
    and of joints and marrow, and is a discerner of
    the thoughts and intents of the heart.

35
  • What is the greatest need in the church today?
    What is the most compelling need? What do you see
    as the biggest problem in Christianity? The
    biggest problem in the church?
  • It's simple for me to answer that. The biggest
    problem in the church today is the absence of
    discernment. It's a lack of discernment. It's the
    biggest problem with Christian people, they make
    bad choices. They accept the wrong thing. They
    accept the wrong theology. They are prone to the
    wrong teaching. They're unwise in who they
    follow, what they listen to and what they read.
  • John McAurther

36
  • We would like to define a few more new words
    today
  • Exegesis - critical explanation or interpretation
    of a text, especially of scripture.
  • Trying to find the original meaning of the verse.
  • Exposition - a comprehensive description and
    explanation of an idea or theory.
  • The exposing of the one accurate interpretation
    of a passage
  • Revelation - A divine revealing. An entirely
    supernatural disclosure from God.
  • Inspiration - the Bible in the original documents
    is God-breathed. It is a divine product
  • Illumination - critical explanation or
    interpretation of a text, especially of
    scripture.
  • Implicit - (cloudy) Implied though not plainly
    expressed
  • Explicit - (clear) Stated clearly and in detail,
    leaving no room for confusion or doubt.
  • Didactic - intended to teach, particularly in
    having moral instruction as an ulterior motive
  • Pretext - a reason given in justification of a
    course of action that is not the real reason.
  • Allegory - A literary device. A story, poem, or
    picture that can be interpreted to reveal a
    hidden meaning, typically a moral or political
    one.

37
Before we get specific about hermeneutics in
interpreting the bible.
  • Lets clarify our Presuppositional basis
  • The Bible is complete
  • The Bible is infallible
  • Relevant doctrine (explicit commands. Eternal
    principles) is morally binding
  • Christ is the theme, center, and end of Scripture
    (The Bible is Christocentric)

38
Hermeneutics
  • There are several methods of interpretation that
    are
  • painfully and tragically erroneous
  • the most common is reader response
  • i.e. what it means to me!
  • (We should wonder if it is a method at all,
  • or perhaps just the lack of one?)
  • Two common errors
  • what this means to me mystical interpretation
  • Proof texting -

39
What This Text Means to Me...
  • The view that all one must do is pray and read
    the Bible, and the Holy Spirit will provide the
    proper interpretation, or the view that one's
    own, idiosyncratic interpretation of Scripture is
    just as valid as that of any other ("what this
    text means to me...") renders the interpretation
    non-falsifiable. 
  • That is, if I say that the Holy Spirit provided
    me with the interpretation, or my interpretation,
    it is impossible for anyone to demonstrate that I
    have wrongly divided the Word.  The "truth" I
    have arrived at is self-contained and ultimately
    incommunicable to you.  You will have to
    "experience" the same personal revelation, and
    even then, we will may wonder if our two
    experiences really were identical, or if there
    were subtle differences that may affect our
    interpretation. 
  • This hermeneutic methodology (or really lack of
    methodology) provides ample opportunity for me to
    twist Scripture to my own destruction, and to
    that of any others who would follow my
    interpretation
  • (2 Peter 316 wresting to their own destruction).
  •  
  • The noble-minded Bereans in Acts 17 diligently
    searched the Scriptures, seeking to learn if the
    Gospel Paul was preaching to them was true. 

40
The significant problem of a mystical
approach to scripture...
  • ... is not just the huge potential we have to
    misinterpret the bibles message. The greater
    peril of believing that God speaks to us
    individually outside of or beyond the word is
    found in this, that when we have separated
    ourselves from accountability to any absolute
    outside standard, or a scientific process, we
    have separated ourselves from being corrected...
    self-deception is hard to escape without divine
    intervention (uh, a holy spanking!)

41
Here is a second erroneous approach commonly
practiced today.
  • Proof-texting - In the proof-text approach,
    verses and short sections of text are used to
    support a particular topic or position. Compared
    with the historical-grammatical method,
    interpretations based on the proof-text method
    are often isolated from the context surrounding
    the verse. Critics claim it often neglects the
    historical setting and type of literary genre.
    They also claim that the proof-text approach can
    be utilized in support of heterodox
    (non-orthodox) teachings, and that applications
    tend to be allegorical (hidden) in nature.

42
How many of us know what we believe
  • but cant
  • define, defend, or even find it
  • in the bible?

43
Speaking of error...There are different schools
of interpretation (Different, philosophies and
sets of, rules)
  • Were going to take a quick look at four
  • Allegorical
  • Devotional
  • Liberal
  • Literal

44
The Allegorical Schools of Interpretation
  • This method of interpretation came from the
    Helenized Jews and Christians who were influenced
    by the Greeks Platonic philosophies. 
  • Clement of Alexandria and Origen are two early
    church "fathers" who viewed Scripture,
    particularly the Old Testament, as being symbolic
    rather than literal.
  •  
  • The allegorical school teaches that there is a
    hidden symbolic spiritual message underneath the
    apparent meaning of each sentence or statement.
  •  

45
The Devotional Schools of Interpretation
  • emphasize the edifying aspects of the scriptures
    and their interpretation, with the goal of
    developing one's spiritual life.
  •  
  • The devotional school often leads to reading the
    scriptures as a means of obtaining a mystical
    experience

46
The Liberal Schools of Interpretation
  • Theological liberalism is prevalent today.
  • Liberal theologians do not accept the Bible as
    the infallible Word of God and reject the verbal
    inspiration of the Bible.
  •  
  • With the liberal school, the risk is in that once
    we reject the verbal inspiration of the Bible,
    our own intellect (or motives) becomes the
    determining factor in question of, what is
    truth.  Relativism is the inevitable result. And
    we are the ultimate authority. (playing God)

47
The Literal Schools of Interpretation(literal
interpretation principle 1)
  • With the literal method of interpreting the
    Bible,
  • we accept the literal rendering of each sentence
    unless by virtue of the nature of the sentence,
    or phrase, or a clause within the sentence, it is
    impossible to take it literally. For instance,
    figures of speech or fables of allegories do not
    present themselves as being literal statements to
    be interpreted literally.
  • I.e.
  • 1Th 516 Rejoice evermore.
  • 1Th 517 Pray without ceasing.
  • Psalm 341 I will bless the Lord at all times
    his praise shall continually be in my mouth.
  • Or
  • Isaiah 5210 The LORD has made bore his
    holy arm in the eyes of all the nations
    (Accommodation principle 5)

48
Literal interpretation doesn't mean reading the words and just doing what it says. Literal interpretation is taking the Bible at face value and reading it as literature. Literal interpretation also requires analyzing the literary genre of the passage in the Bible. Literal interpretation recognizes the differences between a historical narrative and a parable, or the difference between written laws and poetry. In another words, literal interpretation is not just reading and doing, it is reading with common sense, because it takes in consideration the real form or style of the passage. Literal interpretation is what we do everyday, we differentiate between an instruction from our boss and a joke we hear from him, and we interpret them accordingly.
49
Literal interpretation...
  • ...employs an interpretation based on the type of
    text itself.. (Genre principle 8) Some texts are
    in fact allegorical, or prophetic, or parables,
    and are not to be taken literally. It is the
    context that reveals this, as well as comparing
    scripture with scripture.
  • Remember, there are no contradictions. (Harmony,
    or non-contradiction principle 7) An allegorical
    passage cannot mean something that contradicts a
    clear statement on the same apparent doctrine.

50
So then, the 1st foundational rule of
biblical hermeneutics is
  • ?
  •  

51
So then, the 1st foundational rule of
biblical hermeneutics is
  • the Bible
  • Is to be interpreted
  • literally.
  •  

52
Recap -
  • Proper biblical hermeneutics keeps us faithful to
    finding the one intended meaning of Scripture,
    (one interpretation principle 6) and away from
    allegorizing and symbolizing Bible verses and
    passages that were intended, or stated literally.
  • Therefore, when you are first reading a passage,
    look for the plain and obvious meaning, (in
    context, of course.) Do not start off assuming
    that there is, and looking for, a hidden meaning
    beyond what is clearly stated.

53
The Golden rule of literal interpretation
  • When the plain sense of Scripture makes common
    sense, seek no other sense therefore, take every
    word at its primary, ordinary, usual, literal
    meaning unless the facts of the immediate
    context, studied in the light of related passages
    and axiomatic and fundamental truths indicate
    clearly otherwise.
  • Read the scriptures literally, unless the context
    clearly dictates otherwise

54
So then, the 2nd foundational rule of
biblical hermeneutics is
  • Context Is KING!

55
context is king. (Contextual principle 2)
  • The rule of context, with regard to the accurate
    interpretation of a verse or passage, is that the
    passage must be interpreted according to its own
    contexts The historical/cultural context, the
    literary context - with regard to its immediate
    literary setting, and the grammatical context.
  • Historical / cultural interpretation refers to
    understanding the culture, background, and
    situation which prompted the text.
  • Literary / Contextual interpretation involves
    always considering the surrounding literary
    context of a verse or passage when trying to
    determine the meaning of a specific word or
    phrase.
  • Grammatical interpretation recognizes the Hebrew
    or Greek rules of grammar and applies those
    principles to the interpretation of a passage
    (grammatical principle 9)

56
  •  
  • What do we have when we assert a conviction
  • by taking a verse and not its context?
  • A pretext - a fictitious or false reason or
    motive given in order to conceal the real one, or
    in order to justify an action.
  •  
  • Note We can prove almost anything with the
    Bible if we ...
  • ... isolate the texts from their contexts and
    turn them into pretexts
  • This is proof-texting

57
Historical and Cultural context
  • One common mistake we western Christians often
    make is in reading scripture through the me,
    here and now frame of reference. The bible is an
    ancient book, written in a Middle Eastern
    oriental world by, about, and often to, many
    different people of different cultures and
    persuasions.
  • If we are to understand the bible accurately, we
    must consider each book or passage by looking
    back through the lens of that peoples times and
    culture. (Historical principle 10)

58
  • The common,
  • who said what to whom, when, where, and why
  • is a good place to start

59
Extra-biblical resources
  • Often, we can benefit from sources other than the
    bible to understand the historical and the
    cultural distinctives of a certain time and
    place. Some study bibles, and even commentaries
    have useful information. Bible handbooks, bible
    dictionaries as well as other more specific
    cultural reference books like Fred H. Wights,
    Manners and Customs of Bible Times, or
    something By A. Edersheim, may also provide
    invaluable information.

60
Literary / Contextual context
  • Remember a text out of its context is a pretext
  •  
  • You dont want to interpret a word outside of the
    sentence it is in,
  • Nor or a sentence outside of its paragraph,
  • Nor a paragraph outside of its chapter,
  • Nor the chapter outside of it book!

61
  • We must look not only at the big-picture context
    of history and culture, but also at the closer
    literary context of the language itself, as it is
    written the sentences, paragraphs, chapter etc.
    We must be sure that we understand a verse
    according to the context with the train of
    thought that the author presented it in.
  • Note We must not assume that the words we read
    have the same meaning to us as the words used
    originally by the authors, or by the translators.
    We must use the context to help determine the
    proper word meanings. We also use dictionaries
    and lexicons if it is still unclear.
    Additionally, we must use Scripture itself to
    verify the meaning we determine there are NO
    contradictions!
  • One important rule that helps us be sure that we
    are not reading our own meaning into a passage is
    to compare scripture with scripture. If we think
    we have discovered a new and amazing meaning,
    that no scholars for the last 2000 years have
    seen uh, maybe we misread something

62
Scripture NEVER contradicts scripture(Harmony of
scripture principle 7)
  • Not only is the immediate context (paragraph,
    chapter, and book) surrounding a verse important,
    but the context of the entire Bible is also
    helpful in accurately determining the intended
    meaning of a particular passage, verse, or word. 
    At the very least, take the time to examine the
    paragraph in which a verse it is found before you
    try to determine what that verse actually says.
    Then compare the determined meaning against the
    rest of the bible against clear, known
    doctrines. If there is a contradiction its you
    ? this is know as, analogia Scriptura
  •  
  • A related principal is that we cannot take a
    vague, unclear passage and use it to contradict a
    clearer one on the same subject.
  • Let the clear passages clarify vague ones.

63
Where do you find the Scriptures to compare to
the passage you are studying?
  •  Practically speaking, there are two common
    sources
  •      (1) The cross-references in the margin of
    your Bible.      (2)  The Treasury of Scripture
    Knowledge (TSK)

64
The grammatical context (grammatical principle
9)
  • Our English bible was translated from another
    language. For the New Testament, this language
    was mostly common Greek. When making a
    translation, you have to accommodate the fact
    that words only communicate ideas and concepts.
    Languages tend to be specific to peoples and
    culture all are different, some being more
    precise and explicit than others. Often, there
    are words in one language that have no exact
    counterpart in another. Even more difficult is
    that some words get their meaning from the
    grammatical context of the sentence structure.
    These are some of the things that make
    Translating accurately very difficult.

65
  • One way to resolve this might have been to write
    pages upon pages to thoroughly express every
    possible nuance of the verse in question not
    exactly efficient, and wrought with the potential
    of more words-more error Note the Amplified
    bible is a reasonable attempt at this idea.
  •  
  • Another way is for the skilled translators to do
    all the exegetical work of determining as closely
    as possible the best rendering of the original
    meaning according to contexts. This is what they
    did. (they interpreted)
  •  
  • So, about the grammar? Now we have the option
    of, digging deeper and fleshing out the
    fuller meaning NOT a hidden meaning just a
    more explicitly accurate one, if possible, by
    looking at things like the entomology of words,
    the verbs and their voice, tenses, and moods, and
    at the other dynamics of the grammatical (Parts
    of speech) structure of a passage.

66
  • Most study bibles are limited in these types of
    help and we need to use other resource books, or
    computer programs.
  • Below is a list of the more common tools used.
  • Greek / Hebrew lexicons
  • Strongs concordance
  • Bible programs esword, logos, etc
  •  
  • Note You have a Handout on Greek verb voice,
    tense, mood

67
Here are some other common extra biblical
references
  • Dictionaries
  • Lexicons
  • Vines word studies
  • Historical reference tools
  • Conservative commentaries

68
A word about commentaries
  • Commentaries are not scripture. They are a mans
    interpretation of scripture, and all men are
    fallible. Additionally, all men have doctrinal
    (denominational?) presuppositions, and even (less
    doctrinal) biases. That being said, we can
    generally assume that these men are scholarly and
    sincere, and they very well may have training and
    resources well beyond our own. Never-the less. We
    are responsible ourselves to search the
    scriptures first, and to grow in our ability to
    rightly divide.
  •  
  • One of the significant advantages of a good
    commentary are all the cultural historical and
    grammatical details they contain. Another
    advantage is their big picture, outline
    perspectives. Commentaries are helpful but
    remember to do your own study first, and be
    careful to research what (whos) commentary you
    use, considering their doctrinal
    presuppositions, and the nature of their writing
    is it simplified and conversational, or a
    systematic exegesis

69
McQuilkin rightly advises that...
  • It is best to consult the commentary after one
    has made his own independent study. There are
    several reasons for that.
  • First, no commentator is infallible,
  • nor is any commentator an expert on every passage
    of Scripture. Often a commentator will rely on
    the work of earlier commentators.
  • Therefore, to preserve one's independent judgment
    and the integrity of one's own work, it is best
    to do personal study first by exegeeting or
    drawing out the meaning of the passage with the
    basic tools.
  • On the other hand, it is never wise to conclude
    one's study without referring to several of the
    best commentators on a given passage. In that
    final stage of study...
  • the commentator provides a check for one's own
    conclusions
  • and also provides additional insight before one's
    work is complete.
  • Furthermore, the commentator provides appropriate
    background sources that can be checked

70
A couple last points
  • What is therefore there for?
  • For whatever was before there!
  • What is that there for
  • for whatever was before that?

71
In summary,
  • We as individuals are responsible for what we
    ourselves believe.
  • We are as heads of houses are responsible to
    teach, and to guard the doctrine in our families
  • as husbands are responsible to wash our wives
    with the word
  • as fathers are responsible to teach and nurture
    our children with the word
  • We as members in particular are responsible to
    do the work of the ministry amongst ourselves
  • We are responsible to admonish, rebuke, instruct,
    correct each other...
  • We are also all responsible to hold up the word
    of truth before the watching world (Phil 2)
  • We must do all this with sound doctrine wrestled
    from the bible by diligent study and the Spirits
    illumination.
  • Not shamefully 2nd Tim 215, Not to our own
    destruction Hosea 346. 2nd Ptr 318

72
Gods word is written in common language to be
plainly understood... BUT
  • We must approach bible study carefully, with good
    hermeneutics, if we are to find the one correct
    interpretation, who it is binding upon, and how
    we must then respond.(apply)
  • We must start with a literal approach to
    interpreting
  • We must recognize the different types of
    literature and interpret them accordingly
  • We must look at the passage in all its contexts
  • We must consider history and cultures
  • We must compare scripture with scripture to
    confirm and establish a doctrine
  • We must resolve apparent contradictions with
    other scriptures. The clear-didactic over the
    vague, or allegorical...
  • We must look for the one original meaning
    intended by the author.

73
And then...
  • Having observed to do
  • Do it!
  • Because you can , and you want to!

74
Well, thats Hermeneutics in a nut shell...
  • We went over most of the basic principles.
  • I have also given you 3 different lists from
    different authors, for your binders
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