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Chapter 6: The Road to Revolution

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Chapter 6: The Road to Revolution Section 3: The Road to Lexington and Concord Section 4: Declaring Independence Response to the Boston Tea Party Britain passes the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Chapter 6: The Road to Revolution


1
Chapter 6 The Road to Revolution
  • Section 3 The Road to Lexington and Concord
  • Section 4 Declaring Independence

2
Response to the Boston Tea Party
  • Britain passes the Coercive Acts
  • Colonists call them the Intolerable Acts because
    they were so harsh.
  • Let British officials accused of crimes stand
    trial in Britain
  • Closed the Boston port.
  • Enforced by more troops.

3
First Continental Congress Meets
  • Voted to ban all trade with Britain.
  • Called on colonies to begin training troops.
  • Key step in upholding colonial rights.

4
By 1774, the colonies had enough, and wanted to
  • Begin organizing troops just in case they
    needed them (they really didnt want to fight if
    they didnt absolutely have to).
  • Make one final push to get England to change its
    mind about how they were treating the colonies.

5
In 1775, the colonists (and the Sons of
Liberty)
  • Heard the British were going to arrest some
    colonists and steal some of their supplies.
  • The Colonists put two men in charge of keeping an
    eye on what these British were up to.

6
William Dawes and Paul Revere
  • When the British started coming, the signal would
    be put in the Old North Churchs steeple
  • 1 lantern if the British were coming by land, 2
    lanterns if they were coming by sea.

7
The next day, the British met up with the
colonial soldiers
  • At Lexington and Concord
  • (the first real fighting of the American
    Revolution)
  • the shot heard round the world

8
The two sides
  • Loyalists
  • People who loyal to England and King George
  • Patriots
  • People who wanted independence from England

9
Some other people
  • Militiamen Anyone fighting for the colonists
  • Minutemen Colonial soldiers whod be ready at
    a minutes notice
  • Redcoats British soldiers

B
10
The colonists needed someone to lead their Army
  • How about George Washington ?
  • He was respected, well liked, and had experience
    leading troops in battle (during the French and
    Indian War) so they decided hed be okay.( Put
    in charge by 2nd Continental Congress)
  • He was NOT president yet though

11
Despite all this, many Americans wanted to avoid
a War
  • They knew theyd be fighting the most powerful
    nation in the world.
  • But Thomas Paine wrote a book called Common
    Sense .
  • After people read it, most colonists were ready
    to fight for their independence.

12
The 2nd Continental Congress decided to write a
letter to England
(Ben Franklin, Patrick Henry, John Adams, Samuel
Adams, George Washington, Thomas Jefferson)
  • (telling them they were planning to be
    independent).
  • A committee of 5 men were chosen to write this
    letter, but Thomas Jefferson actually did all the
    writing.

13
This letter wasThe Declaration of
Independence
14
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15
Declaration of Independencehas 5 main parts
  • Preamble (introduction)
  • Peoples Right to Control Govt.
  • List of Grievances
  • Colonial Efforts that have been made
  • FREEDOM! (conclusion stating that they will now
    be independent

16
But this did not mean the colonies automatically
had their independence.
  • They would still have to fight for it and prove
    worthy of it.
  • One place they fought was at Bunker Hill a
    place where for the first time the colonial
    militia had held their own against the worlds
    most powerful army (the British). Even though the
    British won the battle, colonists proved they
    could fight.
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