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1914-1918: The World at War

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The Zeppelin Flame Throwers Grenade Launchers Poison Gas Machine Gun Art of World War I A Street in Arras John Singer Sargent, 1918 Oppy Wood ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: 1914-1918: The World at War


1
1914-1918 The World at War
2
Differing Viewpoints
  • Family Feud
  • Fall of the Eagles
  • The War to End All Wars
  • The War to Make the World Safe for
    Democracy

3
Causes of the War
4
1. The Alliance System
Triple Entente
Triple Alliance
5
Two Armed Camps!
Allied Powers
Central Powers
6
The Major Players 1914-17
Allied Powers
Central Powers
Nicholas II Rus
Wilhelm II Ger
George V Br
Victor Emmanuel II It
Enver Pasha Turkey
Pres. Poincare Fr
Franz Josef A-H
7
Europe in 1914
8
2. Militarism Arms Race
Total Defense Expenditures for the Great Powers
Ger., A-H, It., Fr., Br., Rus. in millions of
s.
1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1914
94 130 154 268 289 398
1910-1914 Increase in Defense Expenditures
France 10
Britain 13
Russia 39
Germany 73
9
3. Economic Imperial Rivalries
10
4. Aggressive Nationalism
11
Pan-Slavism The Balkans, 1914
The Powder Keg of Europe
12
The Spark
13
Archduke Franz Ferdinand His Family
14
The Assassination Sarajevo
15
The Assassin
Gavrilo Princip
16
Whos To Blame?
17
The Schlieffen Plan
18
German Atrocities in Belgium
19
Mobilization
  • Home by Christmas!
  • No major war in 50 years!
  • Nationalism!

It's a long way to Tipperary, It's a long
way to go It's a long way to Tipperary,
To the sweetest girl I know! Goodbye,
Piccadilly, Farewell, Leicester Square,
It's a long, long way to Tipperary,
But my heart's right there!
20
Recruitment Posters
21
A Young Australian Recruit
22
Recruits of the Central Powers
A German Soldier Says Farewell to His Mother
Austro-Hungarians
23
New French Recruits
24
A German Boy Pretends to Be a Soldier
25
(No Transcript)
26
Women and the War Effort
27
Financing the War
28
For Recruitment
29
Munitions Workers
30
French Women Factory Workers
31
German Women Factory Workers
32
Working in the Fields
33
A Woman Ambulance Driver
34
Red Cross Nurses
35
Women in the Army Auxiliary
36
Russian Women Soldiers
37
Spies
  • Mata Hari
  • Real Name Margareetha Geertruide
    Zelle
  • German Spy!

38
Posters Wartime Propaganda
39
Australian Poster
40
American Poster
41
Financing the War
42
German Poster
Think of Your Children!
43
The Western Front A War of Attrition
44
A Multi-Front War
45
The Western Front
46
Trench Warfare
47
Trench Warfare
No Mans Land
48
Verdun February, 1916
  • German offensive.
  • Each side had 500,000 casualties.

49
The Somme July, 1916
  • 60,000 British soldiers killed in one day.
  • Over 1,000,000 killed in 5 months.

50
War Is HELL !!
51
Sacrifices in War
52
Krupps Big Bertha Gun
53
The Eastern Front
54
The Gallipoli Disaster, 1915
55
Turkish Cavalry in Palestine
56
T. E. Lawrence the Arab Revolt, 1916-18
57
T. E. Lawrence Prince Faisal at Versailles,
1918-19
58
The Tsar with General Brusilov
59
The Colonial Fronts
60
Sikh British Soldiers in India
61
Fighting in Africa
Black Soldiers in the German Schutztruppen German
E. Africa
British Sikh Mountain Gunners
62
Fighting in Africa
3rd British Battalion, Nigerian Brigade
63
Fighting in Salonika, Greece
French colonial marine infantry from Cochin,
China - 1916
64
America Joins the Allies
65
The Sinking of the Lusitania
66
The Zimmerman Telegram
67
The Yanks Are Coming!
68
Americans in the Trenches
69
The War of the Industrial Revolution New Tech
nology
70
French Renault Tank
71
British Tank at Ypres
72
U-Boats
73
Allied Ships Sunk by U-Boats
74
The Airplane
Squadron Over the Brenta Max Edler von Poosch,
1917
75
The Flying Aces of World War I
Francesco Barraco, It.
Eddie Mick Mannoch, Br.
Eddie Rickenbacher, US
Manfred von Richtoffen, Ger. The Red Baron
Rene Pauk Fonck, Fr.
Willy Coppens de Holthust, Belg.
76
Curtis-Martin U. S. Aircraft Plant
77
Looking for the Red Baron?
78
The Zeppelin
79
Flame Throwers
Grenade Launchers
80
Poison Gas
Machine Gun
81
Art of World War I
82
A Street in Arras John Singer Sargent, 1918
83
Oppy Wood John Nash, 1917
84
Those Who Have Lost Their Names Albin
Eggar-Linz, 1914
85
Gassed and Wounded Eric Kennington, 1918
86
Paths of Glory C. R. W. Nevinson, 1917
87
German Cartoon Fit for active service!, 1918
88
1918 Flu Pandemic Depletes All Armies
50,000,000 100,000,000 died
89
11 a.m., November 11, 1918
The Armistice is Signed!
90
9,000,000 Dead
91
The Somme American Cemetary, France
116,516 Americans Died
92
World War I Casualties
93
Turkish Genocide Against Armenians
A Portent of Future Horrors to Come!
94
Turkish Genocide Against Armenians
Districts Vilayets of Western Armenia in Turkey 1914 1914 1922
Erzerum 215,000 215,000 1,500
Van 197,000 197,000 500
Kharbert 204,000 204,000 35,000
Diarbekir 124,000 124,000 3,000
Bitlis 220,000 220,000 56,000
Sivas 225,000 225,000 16,800
       
Other Armenian-populated Sites in Turkey      
Western Anatolia 371,800 371,800 27,000
Cilicia and Northern Syria 309,000 309,000 70,000
European Turkey 194,000 194,000 163,000
Trapizond District 73,390 73,390 15,000
Total Total 2,133,190 387,800
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