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Los Perfectos Parte 1 El Presente Perfecto

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Los Perfectos Parte 1 El Presente Perfecto Qu significa? I have spoken They have drawn El Presente Perfecto He Has Ha Hemos Hab is Han I have You have He/She/It ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Los Perfectos Parte 1 El Presente Perfecto


1
Los PerfectosParte 1El Presente Perfecto
2
Qué significa?
has / have ...
  • I have spoken
  • They have drawn

3
El Presente Perfecto
All perfect verb tenses require two parts HABER
(conjugated) To have
  • I have
  • You have
  • He/She/It has
  • We Have
  • You all have
  • They, You all have
  • He
  • Has
  • Ha
  • Hemos
  • Habéis
  • Han

4
and a PAST PARTICIPLE
  • Hablar
  • Comer
  • Dormir
  • Hablado
  • Comido
  • Dormido
  • Spoken
  • Eaten
  • Slept

Participles are VERB CONJUGATIONS therefore they
never change their endings to agree.
A past participle is formed by removing the
ending of the verb and adding
-ADO or -IDO
5
Cómo?
  • Una forma de haber es primero
  • un verbo en la forma de un participio es segundo
  • Haber verbo ado / ido
  • Yo he venido.
  • Tú has buscado.
  • And, although they may look funny, the following
    are regular forms
  • Ido
  • Sido

6
Just for your info
  • Youve been using past participles for a long
    time, but as adjectives.
  • Cansado- tired (cansar)
  • Casado- married (casar)
  • Divertido- fun (divertirse)
  • Ocupado- busy (ocuparse)
  • Adjective Past Participle
  • Estoy cansada. He cansado.
  • I am tired. I have tired.

7
All Together Now
I have danced You have earned He/She has
enjoyed We have gone You all have eaten They/You
all have drank
bailado ganado divertido ido comido bebido
bailar ganar divertir ir comer beber
  • He
  • Has
  • Ha
  • Hemos
  • Habéis
  • Han

8
Is there more?
  • Of course there is. There are always irregulars
    but lets skip that for now and talk about when
    and how you use the

Present Perfect
9
So, when do you use it?
  • Ejemplos
  • Has comido el desayuno?
  • Have you eaten?
  • No, todavía no he comido.
  • No, I havent eaten yet.
  • Ha llegado Jaime?
  • Has James arrived?
  • Sí, llegó hace una hora.
  • Yes, he arrived an hour ago.

10
  • The Present Perfect is used to describe actions
    or events that have or have not happened.
  • These actions and events began in the past and
    continue up to and into the present
  • Estudié mucho. He estudiado mucho.
  • I studied a lot. I have studied a lot.
  • Implies that studying Implies that studying has
    not
  • has stopped. stopped.

11
Now It's Your Turn...
  • Try these sentences (remember, it takes two words
    to form this verb tense) (click for answers)
  • We havent skied this winter.
  • He has never learned to say no.

No hemos esquiado este invierno. Él nunca ha
aprendido a decir no.
12
So, now for the irregulars
  • Abrir
  • Descubrir
  • Escribir
  • Ver
  • Poner
  • Volver
  • Morir
  • Romper
  • Decir
  • Hacer
  • Abierto
  • Descubierto
  • Escrito
  • Visto
  • Puesto
  • Vuelto
  • Muerto
  • Roto
  • Dicho
  • Hecho

13
returned
put
escrito
roto
muerto
descubierto
written
said
opened
hecho
discovered
puesto
vuelto
died
broken
visto
done
seen
dicho
abierto
14
A minor technicality
  • When you add ado or ido to a verb that ends in
    a double vowel, you will need to remember an
    accent

Oír- oído Traer- traído Leer- leído Construir-
construído
15
Last but not leastFAQs
  • Q What do you do when you have object pronouns
    like me, te, le, nos, les, los, las, se etc?
  • A Thats easy. Put them all IN FRONT of the
    verb group. Dont ever place anything between
    the two or at the end.
  • Example Te has divertido este año? Sí, me he
    divertido mucho.
  • Q Where do you put no?
  • A Thats easy too. Put it in front of the verb
    group. Dont ever place anything between the two
    parts of the verb.
  • Example Has visto la nueva película? No, no la
    he visto todavía.
  • Q Whats the difference between tenerand
    haber?
  • A Tener is to haveas in possession of
    something. Haber is an auxilary verb that is
    only used in conjunction with a past participle.
  • Example Paco tiene un coche rojo pero no ha
    aprendido a manejarlo.
  • Paco has a red car but hasnt learned how to
    drive it.

16
Practice makes Perfect...
  • Why havent you called him?
  • The Chargers havent won all year.
  • How many times have I told you?

Por qué no lo has llamado? Los
Charges no han ganado este año. Cuántas
veces te he dicho?
17
La lección ha terminado.Uds. han aprendido
muchísimo.
Hay preguntas?
18
Ya tenemos que continuar a aprender más!
  • Página 64
  • Caracas ha cambiado mucho.
  • Caracas has changed a lot.
  • Mucha gente ha venido de fuera.
  • Many people have come from outside.
  • La contaminación del aire ha empeorado bastante.
  • The contamination of the air has worsened quite a
    bit.

19
Puntos de vista
  • Página 66
  • Son buenos los adelantos tecnológicos pero ten en
    cuenta que la tecnología no lo resuelve todo.
  • keep in mind that
  • Me imagino que los adelantos nos ayudan mucho.
  • I imagine that
  • Lo que noto es que ahora hay más estrés en la
    vida.
  • That which I notice is that

20
Ya continuamos con los puntos de vista
  • Me parece que los adelantos mejoran la calidad de
    nuestra vida.
  • It seems to me that
  • Se me hace que tenemos que usar el trasnporte
    público más.
  • It seems to me that
  • Lo que es importante es tener cuidado con la
    tecnología.
  • That which is important is infinitive

21
Por fin lo demás de las expresiones.
  • Creo que vale la pena encontrar nuevas
    tecnologías.
  • I believe that its worth the pain
    (inconvenience) infinitive
  • Es cierto que hay ventajas, pero por otro lado
    hay desventajas también.
  • Its true that but on the other hand
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