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Title:

Guide Sign Design

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Title: Traffic Guide Sign Design Class Author: Jeff Gerken Last modified by: John Albeck Created Date: 7/13/2000 9:12:35 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Learn more at: http://www.dot.state.mn.us
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Title: Guide Sign Design


1
Guide Sign Design
  • June 17-18, 2015
  • Shoreview, MN

2
General Design Process
  • First, use the guidelines for Font Sizes (Section
    3.3.2 on page 3-5) to determine correct letter
    size and overlay size, based on speed, number of
    lanes, and roadway type (freeway or non-freeway)
  • The matching arrow size can be found in Section
    3.8 on page 3-16
  • Vertical spacing between lines ½ to ¾ of letter
    height
  • This requirement may not be feasible with all
    overheads due to restrictions caused by existing
    mounting structures

3
General Design Process
  1. Vertical spacing between text and inside of
    border ½ to ¾ of letter height
  2. Horizontal spacing between objects (fractions,
    overlays, arrows) ¾ to full letter height
  3. Horizontal spacing between text and inside of
    border ½ to ¾ of letter height

4
General Design Process
  • The appropriate arrow will be larger than the
    matching font height, and spacing around it will
    be less than the vertical spacing between lines
    (½ to ¾ letter height)
  • Due to the shapes of arrows, compressing space
    around them doesn't make them appear crowded

5
General Design Process
  • Vertical spacing around fractions can be
    compressed somewhat because fractions are much
    taller than the rest of the legend on the same
    line
  • Whenever possible, allow no more than three
    destinations or street names on a guide sign

6
General Design Process
  • Calculating the vertical size of the sign panel
  • Use the following formulas and equivalents to
    determine the specific dimension
  • A Letter height
  • B Vertical spacing from wording to wording, or
    from wording to inside border (½ A to ¾ A)
  • C Arrow/fraction height
  • D Horizontal spacing from inside border to
    legend (½ to ¾ A)
  • E Vertical spacing from arrow to wording, or
    from arrow to inside border (less than B)

7
Example 1 Supplemental Guide Sign
8
General Design Process
  • Calculating the Vertical size of the Sign Panel
  • Add the heights of all objects in the sign,
    including border thicknesses
  • The border thickness may have to be estimated if
    the length of the panels shortest side height
    or width is not known (typical borders widths
    are summarized in Exhibit 3-2)
  • Add the thickness of horizontal lines, which will
    be the same as the value given for border
    thickness
  • On signs with Font size combinations on the same
    line, use the largest size when determining
    component spacing
  • Add the heights of the spaces between legend
    lines as well as the spaces between legend lines
    and border

9
General Design Process
  • Add the two totals from Steps 1 and 2, rounding
    to the nearest number divisible by 6 (6
    increments)
  • This figure is the panel height
  • Bear in mind that an adjustment may have to be
    made in border and horizontal line thickness to
    achieve the right size
  • Because of the rounding of the panel height in
    Step 3, spacing likely will need to be adjusted
  • To do this, find the difference between the
    rounded panel height and the actual total from
    Step 3
  • Then distribute this difference between the
    spaces on the panel, ensuring to keep B
    measurements equivalent, D measurements
    equivalent, and E measurements equivalent
  • Exceptions to this rule may be necessary in some
    cases to account for words containing low-hanging
    letters, such as g, j, p, q, and y, or in other
    situations

10
General Design Process
  • Calculating the Horizontal size of the Sign Panel
  • Horizontal spacing is fairly automatic in most
    cases
  • Primarily, it involves maintaining proper spacing
    from borders to legend and from legend to
    vertical lines
  • The example problems illustrate this in more
    detail
  • In the few complicated instances instructions are
    given as to how horizontal spacing can be done
  • Spacings from legends to borders and vertical
    lines should be between ½ and ¾ letter height in
    most cases

11
General Design Process
  • Review Panel Structure for Proper Supports
  • Once the panel has been sized using vertical and
    horizontal spacing guidelines refer to section
    3.12.1 on page 3-24 to ensure U-Posts will be
    used versus I-beams

12
Example 1 Supplemental Guide Sign
  • Problem Statement
  • Using the given conditions listed above and the
    sign components illustrated below, develop the
    guide sign using SignCAD paying particular
    attention to component location, justification,
    and spacing.
  • Purpose of Example
  • Color selection
  • Font, font size, and arrow selection
  • Vertical spacing
  • Horizontal spacing

13
Example 1 Supplemental Guide Sign
14
Example 1 Supplemental Guide Sign
  • Given Conditions
  • Posted speed limit 35 mph
  • Undivided Multilane
  • Intersections At Grade Only
  • Sign Location Ground
  • Sign Components
  • Proper Name Font A 6 4.5
  • Arrow Head 13 (13-14 Arrow)

15
Example 1 Supplemental Guide Sign
16
Example 1 Supplemental Guide Sign
17
Example 1 Supplemental Guide Sign
  • Sketch Panel Create in SignCAD
  • Create Sign Components
  • Text
  • Font E Modified
  • Size 6-4.5
  • Arrow
  • Angle 0 degrees
  • Head 13
  • Create Panel
  • Drop Objects in Panel
  • Alignment none required

18
Example 1 Supplemental Guide Sign
  • Determine Vertical Dimension of Panel

19
Example 1 Supplemental Guide Sign
20
Example 1 Supplemental Guide Sign
21
Example 1 Supplemental Guide Sign
22
Example 1 Supplemental Guide Sign
23
Example 1 Supplemental Guide Sign
  • Final Sign Panel

24
Example 1 Supplemental Guide Sign
  • Post Structure
  • Use 2U-2A post structure

25
Example 1 Supplemental Guide Sign
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