The 1920s - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – The 1920s PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 796f3f-YWU5Z



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

The 1920s

Description:

Part I. Normalcy America was Weary in the Year 1920 We Had Come Through a Lot Progressive Era- government attempted to tame business WWI Influenza There were ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:24
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 26
Provided by: srv93
Learn more at: http://www.srvhs.net
Category:
Tags: 1920s | teapot

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: The 1920s


1
The 1920s
2
Part I. Normalcy America was Weary in the Year
1920
  • We Had Come Through a Lot
  • Progressive Era- government attempted to tame
    business
  • WWI
  • Influenza
  • There were some troubling issues just surfacing,
    too
  • Radicalism/Communism/ Anarchism

3
Brief Tangent- Communism
  • America was founded based on the ideal of a
    certain kind of equality --- equality of
    opportunity
  • In other words, everyone deserves the same chance
    to have success
  • Communism was/is a fundamental challenge to this
    ideal
  • Communism argues that everyone should have a
    different kind of equality- equality of
    condition
  • In other words, everyone should share equally in
    the product of society
  • This is an incredibly troubling idea to many
    Americans, especially those in positions of
    ______________________
  • Why? _____________________________________________
    ___ ______________________________________________
    _______
  • In 1917, the first country in history adopted the
    Communist ideal
  • Russia (aka the Soviet Union)
  • Many communists believe that their ideology
    should be spread around the world ? thus,
    communism was a threat to all countries

4
Brief Tangent- Radicalism/Anarchism
  • Communism is a radical ideology
  • In other words, it demands large and difficult
    change (revolution!)
  • Some people were even more radical than the
    communists. Anarchists believed that all
    governments, of any kind, should be attacked and
    destroyed, to free people from tyranny.

5
With Both Their Weariness and New Threats on the
Horizon (radicalism) Americans Were (Naturally)
Anxious About Their Future
  • Desire for calm, stability and normalcy
  • America turned to a pro-business, conservative
    government (Republicans)
  • Turned away from the rest of the world and its
    radicalism

6
A Quick Skim Through these Political Leaders
President Harding
  • Republican President elected in 1920
  • Most famous for three scandals
  • - Ohio Gang (presidents advisors caught
    using power of the presidency to get rich) -
    Teapot Dome Scandal (extreme example- gov.
    claimed some land oil- rich land for supplying
    the navy, but the secretary of the navy secretly
    let private companies get and use the oil in
    return for ) - Mysterious death in S.F at
    the Palace Hotel in 1923

7
Calvin Coolidge
  • Hardings Vice President
  • Became President in 1923 (after Hardings death)
  • Elected in 1924 with slogan Coolidge or Chaos
  • Anecdotes- Silent Cal (you dont have to write
    this stuff)
  • in private he was a man of few words and was
    therefore commonly referred to as "Silent Cal." A
    possibly apocryphal story has it that Dorothy
    Parker, seated next to him at a dinner, said to
    him, "Mr. Coolidge, I've made a bet against a
    fellow who said it was impossible to get more
    than two words out of you." His famous reply
    "You lose.
  • It was also Parker who, upon learning that
    Coolidge had died, reportedly remarked, "How can
    they tell?"

8
Herbert Hoover
  • Conservative pro-business Republican elected in
    1928
  • Believed in the individual a small federal
    government

9
The American Government, and a Large Part of the
American Population, Demanded Conservative,
Stabilizing Government Action
  • Anti-Immigrant Movement
  • Prohibition
  • Anti-Strike Actions
  • Isolationism

10
Anti-Immigration Movement
  • Immigrants are taking our jobs, they talk funny,
    and they are bringing in radical European
    ideologies (like Communism and Anarchism). Lets
    get rid of them.
  • Mitchell Palmer (U.S. Attorney General- see pic),
    seeing a political future in harnessing this
    anti-immigrant feeling started the First Red
    Scare
  • Red Communism
  • He deported immigrants suspected of having
    radical ideas during the Palmer Raids
  • Quota system was set up to limit immigration from
    undesirable places (Italy, Russia, and Slavic
    nations)

11
Anti- Immigrant Movement (cont.)
  • Anti immigrant fear exploded in a number of ways
  • Ex Sacco Vanzetti Trial
  • A bank robbery occurred and witnesses claimed
    that the burglars looked like Italians
  • Sacco Vanzetti, two Italians who were active in
    radical politics were arrested, tried, convicted,
    and executed
  • Many felt that there was little evidence against
    them and that they were found guilty as a result
    of the hysteria
  • Interesting afterward

12
(No Transcript)
13
Brief Tangent- Rebirth of the KKK
  • The KKK seized on the tensions in the early 20s
    to stage a comeback
  • They were anti-immigrant and also encouraged
    white peoples fears of blacks who were uppity
    after their contribution to the war

14
(No Transcript)
15
Prohibition
  • The 18th Amendment Volstead Act prohibited the
    manufacturing or sale of alcohol (1919)
  • It was hard to enforce smuggled and bootleg
    liquor was common led to a rise in organized
    crime (mob)
  • The 21st Amendment ended Prohibition in 1933
  • More on this later

16
Government Put Down Strikes
  • In Boston, police went on strike for better pay
  • Governor of Massachusetts (Calvin Coolidge)
    called in the National Guard
  • All police fired and new police rehired.
  • Do we see how this matches the normalcy theme?

17
Isolationism
  • U.S. raised tariffs
  • Up to 60 at one point? highest in the history of
    the U.S.!
  • Navy decreased

18
Part II. Economic Boom! In Spite of All of the
Tension of the early 20s Business DID Flourish
  • By the end of the 1920s, the U.S. had 80 of the
    worlds cars!
  • We had 40 of the worlds total wealth!
  • Productivity per worker in factories increased
    50 from 1920 to 1929!)

19
Transportation
  • Car ownership grew 18 million from 1920 to 1930
  • New roads more mobility, causing urban sprawl
  • Charles Lindberghs 1927 transatlantic flight
    could fly across the Atlantic Ocean

20
Changing Consumer Habits
  • Companies focused on inventing producing
    consumer goods
  • Examples radios, automobiles, icebox, washing
    machine, vacuum cleaner
  • People buying goods using credit
  • mass production of goods cheaper products
  • increased use of advertising to sell products

21
(No Transcript)
22
Sports Mania
  • Era of Babe Ruth Yankee Stadium
  • Sports figures were heroes and big business
    (1927 Dempsey fight made 2.6 million)
  • Negro National Baseball League started in the
    1920s

23
Entertainment
  • Rise of movie stars (Rudolph Valentino Charlie
    Chaplin) became popular in the 1920s
  • Talking movies started October 6th, 1927 with
    The Jazz Singer
  • Harlem Renaissance rebirth of black culture in
    New York City

24
Hansen Name ____________________ U.S.
History Period _________ The
1920s Note-Taking Guide
  • Part I. Normalcy
  • America was Weary in the Year 1920
  • ________________________________
  • Progressive Era- government attempted to
    _____________________________
  • WWI
  • ______________________________
  • There were some troubling issues just surfacing,
    too
  • __________________________________
  • Brief Tangent- Communism
  • America was founded based on the ideal of a
    certain kind of equality --- _____________________
    ______
  • In other words, everyone deserves the same
    __________________________________
  • Communism was/is a fundamental challenge to this
    ideal
  • Communism argues that everyone should have a
    different kind of equality- _____________
    __________________________________
  • In other words, everyone should _________
    _____________________________________
  • This is an incredibly troubling idea to many
    Americans, especially those in positions of
    ______________________
  • Why? _____________________________________________
    _____________________________
  • In 1917, the first country in history adopted the
    Communist ideal
  • Russia (aka _______________________)
  • Many communists believe that their ideology
    ___________________________________? thus,
    communism was a threat to all countries
  • Some people were even more radical than the
    communists. Anarchists believed that all
    _________ ________________________________________
    __ __________________________________________
  • With Both Their Weariness and New Threats on the
    Horizon (radicalism) Americans Were (Naturally)
    ______________ ___________________________________
    ____________
  • Desire for calm, stability and normalcy
  • America turned to ___________________,
    conservative government (Republicans)
  • Turned away from the rest of the world _________
    _______________________________________
  • A Quick Skim Through these Political Leaders
  • President Harding
  • Republican President elected in 1920
  • Most famous for ___________________
  • Ohio Gang (presidents advisors caught
    _________________________ ________________________
    _______)
  • Teapot Dome Scandal (extreme example- gov.
    claimed some ______ ____________________________
    __________, but the secretary of the navy
    secretly let private companies get and use the
    oil in return for )
  • ____________ in S.F at the Palace Hotel in 1923
  • Calvin Coolidge
  • Hardings Vice President
  • Became President in 1923 (after Hardings death)
  • Elected in 1924 with slogan _____________
    _____________

25
  • Herbert Hoover
  • Conservative pro-business Republican elected in
    1928
  • ______________________________________
    _______________________________________
  • The American Government, and a Large Part of the
    American Population, Demanded Conservative,
    __________________ _______________________________
    _________________
  • Anti-Immigrant Movement
  • _______________________
  • _______________________
  • Isolationism
  • Anti Immigrant Movement
  • Immigrants are _____________________, they talk
    funny, and they are bringing in _________________
    ______________________________ (like Communism
    and Anarchism). Lets get rid of them.
  • Mitchell Palmer (U.S. Attorney General- see pic),
    seeing ________________________ in harnessing
    this anti-immigrant feeling started
    ________________________
  • Red _________________________
  • ________________________ suspected of having
    radical ideas during the _____________
  • __________________ was set up to limit
    immigration from undesirable places (Italy,
    Russia, and ______________________)
  • Anti immigrant fear exploded in a number of ways
  • Ex _________________________________
  • A bank robbery occurred and witnesses claimed
    that the burglars ____________________________
  • Sacco Vanzetti, two Italians who were
    __________ ________ were arrested, tried,
    convicted, and executed
  • Many felt that there was _________against them
    and that they were found guilty as a result
    _____________
  • Prohibition
  • The 18th Amendment ____________________
    prohibited the manufacturing or sale of alcohol
    _______
  • It was hard to enforce _____________________was
    common led to a rise in _______________________
  • The 21st Amendment ended Prohibition in _______
  • More on this later
  • Government Put _________________________
  • In Boston, police went on strike for
    _______________
  • Governor of Massachusetts (Calvin Coolidge)
    called in the National Guard
  • ____________________________________________
  • Do we see how this matches the normalcy theme?
  • Isolationism
  • U.S. _____________________________
  • Up to _____________________? highest in the
    history of the U.S.!
  • ________________________________
  • Part II. Economic Boom
  • In Spite of All of the Tension of the early 20s
    Business _____ ___________________________________
    ____
  • By the end of the 1920s, the U.S. had
    ____________ ________________________________!
  • ________________________of the worlds total
    wealth!
  • Productivity per worker in factories
    ________________ _________________________________
    __ !
About PowerShow.com