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Adams, Jackson, Van Buren, and Harrison

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Adams, Jackson, Van Buren, and Harrison ELECTION OF 1824 Only one political party the Jeffersonian-Republicans. Candidates: William Crawford Andrew Jackson ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Adams, Jackson, Van Buren, and Harrison


1
Adams, Jackson, Van Buren, and Harrison
2
ELECTION OF 1824
  • Only one political partythe Jeffersonian-Republic
    ans.
  • Candidates
  • William Crawford
  • Andrew Jackson
  • Henry Clay
  • John Quincy Adams

3
  • Jackson won the popular vote and the most
    electoral votes, but he did not have a majority
    (or more than half). The House of
    Representatives would have to decide.

4
THE CORRUPT BARGAIN
  • Before the vote in the House, Clay BACKS OUT OF
    THE RACE and met with Adams in private. Clay
    promised to use his influence in the House to get
    Adams elected if Adams would make Clay Secretary
    of State the plan worked!

5
  • This corrupt bargain tainted Adams presidency
    and Congress refused to cooperate with him.
  • Jackson felt he was cheated out of the presidency
    and never let the issue go. His faction of
    Democrats made his one-term presidency a
    miserable experience.

6
THE ELECTION OF 1828
  • The Jeffersonian-Republicans split into
    Democratic-Republicans and National Republicans.

7
DEMOCRATIC-REPUBLICANS
  • Andrew Jackson
  • States rights
  • Party of frontiersmen, immigrants, and laborers.

8
NATIONAL REPUBLICANS
  • John Quincy Adams
  • Strong national government
  • Party of farmers and merchants

9
  • Jackson won the election by a landslide. His
    promise to represent the common man against the
    interests of the rich was very popular.

10
PRESIDENT ANDREW JACKSON
  • OLD HICKORY

11
The Spoils System
  • To the victor belongs the spoils. The person
    who wins the election gets the spoils (or
    benefits of victory), including handing out
    government jobs to supporters. This practice
    became known as the SPOILS SYSTEM.
  • Jackson fired many government workers and
    replaced them with his own supporters a practice
    still used (to a lesser degree) today

12
ELECTORAL CHANGES
  • Nominating conventions allowed more people to
    participate in the selection of political
    candidates.

13
Tariff of 1828 (of Abominations)
  • A tariff is a tax on imported goods. Northern
    manufacturers like tariffs because they make
    foreign goods more expensive so that people will
    buy American goods.
  • Southerners hated the tariff because it made
    manufactured goods more expensive for them. They
    called the Tariff of 1828 the Tariff of
    Abominations.

14
The Nullification Crisis
  • Vice-President Calhoun suggested that a state had
    the right to NULLIFY, or cancel, federal laws
    considered against the states interests.
  • South Carolina suggested that Southern states
    should SECEDEor break away from the U.S.and
    form their own government.

15
  • Jackson responded by threatening to HANG Calhoun
    a compromise was reached to end the crisis, and
    Calhoun resigned as vice-president.

16
The Indian Removal Act
  • Jackson favored forcible removal and relocation
    westward. He endorsed the right of state law
    over Indian claims or federal law.
  • Present-day Oklahoma was established as the
    Indian Territorybasically a large Indian
    reservation.

17
WORCESTER v. GEORGIA
  • The state of Georgia wanted to remove the
    Cherokee Indians from their land so that settlers
    could move on to it. The Cherokee, rather than
    going on the war path, sued Georgia in Supreme
    Court to keep the land AND WON.

18
Trail of Tears
  • The Supreme Court ruled in the favor of the
    Cherokee. Jackson responded by saying they have
    made their ruling, now lets see them enforce it
    the U.S. army was sent to remove the Indians from
    their land.
  • This removal is known as the Trail of Tears.

19
THE NATIONAL BANK
  • The Bank performed many useful services and
    helped in the expansion of the U.S. economy.

20
The Bank Battle
  • Jackson, in keeping with his anti-federalist
    roots, distrusted the bankhe felt the bank had
    too much power over the common man and wanted it
    abolished.
  • When he lost in his attempt to end the banks
    charter (license of operation), he rerouted all
    of its currency to smaller local banks, starving
    it of money killing the bank.
  • Unfortunately, Jackson did understand its purpose
    and the economy fell into a recession of his own
    making oops

21
Martin Van Burens Presidency
  • In 1836, Martin Van Buren was elected and
    inherited the financial crisis from Jackson.

22
Panic of 1837
  • Caused by Jacksons bank battle, but everyone
    blamed Van Buren for the bad economy defined his
    presidency.

23
ELECTION OF 1840TWO PARTIES EMERGE
  • WHIGS (basically, the federalists with a new
    name). They ran William Henry Harrison.
  • DEMOCRAT They run Van Buren, but wont win because
    of the state of the economy.

24
WHIGS
  • Represented the wealthy
  • Strong in New England and upper mid-west
  • Favored the national bank, internal improvements,
    tariffs, and moral reform

25
DEMOCRATS
  • Favored a reduction in government
  • Supported by immigrants and labor organizers
  • Wanted to keep politics separate from moral issues

26
William Henry Harrisons Presidency (all 1 month
of it)
  • Harrison, war hero of the Battle of Tippecanoe,
    won the election, but died a month after his
    inauguration. John Tyler became the first
    vice-president to take office after the death of
    the elected president.

Tippecanoe and Tyler Too
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