JACKSONIAN AMERICA - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – JACKSONIAN AMERICA PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 796326-YzkwY



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

JACKSONIAN AMERICA

Description:

JACKSONIAN AMERICA A NEW ERA IN ... (states rights) so he supported the idea of nullification (cancel the tariff) Jackson cut tariffs significantly, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:49
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 12
Provided by: Amber165
Learn more at: http://images.pcmac.org
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: JACKSONIAN AMERICA


1
JACKSONIAN AMERICA
2
A NEW ERA IN POLITICS
  • Jackson celebrated majority rule and the dignity
    of the common people

3
A NEW ERA IN POLITICS
  • SPOILS SYSTEM Jackson supported the practice
    of appointing people to govt jobs on the basis
    of party loyalty support
  • Jackson was the first president to force out
    large numbers of govt employees in order to
    appoint his own followers.
  • National nominating convention delegates from
    the states gathered to decide on the partys
    presidential nominee.

4
NATIVE AMERICAN RELATIONS
  • 1830 Jackson passed the Indian Removal Act
    through Congress, which would peacefully
    negotiate the exchange of American Indian lands
    in South for new lands in Indian territory

5
NATIVE AMERICAN RELATIONS
  • The Cherokee of Georgia were resistant to the
    Removal Act because this group had adopted
    aspects of white culture
  • The Cherokee sued the state of Ga.
  • Worcester v. Ga- John Marshall ruled that
    Georgia's land seizure was unconstitutional and
    that the federal govt had obligations to protect
    Indians. Federal law was supreme.
  • Jackson refused to support the decision
  • Martin Van Buren eventually sent the army to send
    the Cherokee on the Trail of Tears in 1838

6
TARIFF OF ABOMINATIONS
  • South Carolina blamed its weak economy on the
    nations tariffs (tariffs made goods from other
    countries expensive)
  • Congress passed another new tariff- TARIFF OF
    ABOMINATIONS- 1828 esp. high tariff to promote
    industry and ensure Jacksons victory in the
    election
  • VP John C. Calhoun of SC violently opposed the
    tariff (states rights) so he supported the idea
    of nullification (cancel the tariff)
  • Jackson cut tariffs significantly, but SC was not
    satisfied
  • 1832 SC nullified the tariff and threatened to
    leave the Union- Jackson upset about these two
    ideas
  • Webster/Hayne debates- states rights?
  • Jackson with Websters support passed the FORCE
    BILL, which authorized Jackson to use military to
    enforce federal law in SC.
  • Tariff was reduced, SC canceled nullification of
    tariff, but nullified the Force Bill.
  • Ideas of nullification and secession had been
    postponed once again.

7
JACKSON BATTLES THE BANK
  • Jackson was a supporter of the agricultural South
  • Jacksonian Democrats suspected that the new
    economy encouraged corruption and greed
  • Jackson disliked the 2nd Bank of the US
  • 1832 Congress passed a bill extending the Banks
    charter for 20 years, but Jackson vetoed it
  • Bank friends formed a new political party- WHIGS
  • Jackson was re-elected in 1832 and thought the
    people were telling him to destroy the Bank
  • Removed the govt deposits from the Bank and put
    them in state banks (pet banks)
  • Panic of 1837!!

8
  • 1828-1836

9
ELECTION OF 1840
  • WHO RAN?
  • WHIGS- WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON JOHN TYLER
    TIPPECANOE AND TYLER TOO
  • DEMOCRATS- MARTIN VAN BUREN
  • ELECTION
  • WHIGS PROTRAYED HARRISON AS A SIMPLE FARMER WHO
    LIVED IN A LOG CABIN AND PERSUADED VOTERS THAT
    VAN BUREN WAS CORRUPT AND AN ARISTOCRAT
  • WHO WON?
  • WHIGS! HARRISON
  • SIGNIFICANCE
  • FIRST WHIG VICTORY
  • BUT HARRISON DIED OF PNEUMONIA 30 DAYS INTO
    OFFICE
  • TYLER BECOMES PRESIDENT AND SURPRISES THE WHIG
    PARTY BY REJECTING THEIR POLICIES

10
Homework
  • Respond to this question using complete sentences
    and giving examples.
  • What changes did Andrew Jackson represent in
    American political life?

11
Homework
  • 3rd Respond to this question using complete
    sentences and giving examples.
  • Why do you think Jackson favored and benefited
    from the democratic expansion that took place in
    the 1820s and 1830s?
About PowerShow.com