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People of Kenya and Tanzania

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People of Kenya and Tanzania Ch. 14 Sec. 2 Pp. 411-415 Kenya Coral reef natural formation at or near the water s surface that is made up of skeletons of small ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: People of Kenya and Tanzania


1
People of Kenya and Tanzania
  • Ch. 14
  • Sec. 2
  • Pp. 411-415

2
Kenya
  • Coral reef natural formation at or near the
    waters surface that is made up of skeletons of
    small sea animals
  • Poaching illegal hunting of protected animals

3
Kenya
  • Great Rift Valley stretches from southeast Africa
    to Red Sea
  • Mt. Kenya is a volcano that is 17,058 feet high
  • Fossils of early human ancestors found here that
    are about 4 million years old

4
Kenyas Economy
  • Free enterprise system people can start and run
    businesses with limited government involvement
  • Good transportation and communication systems
    have encouraged foreign companies to set up
    regional headquarters here

5
Kenya
  • Most are poor
  • Farmers grow plants like cassava, a plant whose
    roots are ground to make porridge
  • Large farms grow tea and coffee for export
  • Tourism is a fast-growing industry

6
Kenyas History and Government
  • Official languages are English and Swahili
    (African blended with Arabic)
  • British colonized in 1920
  • Took land and started coffee and tea farms
  • Tribes, like Mau Mau, fought them for independence

Mau Mau warriors
7
Kenya Today
  • 1/3 live in cities
  • 40 ethnic groups
  • Kikuyu are the largest and make up 25
  • Harambee (pulling together) has led groups to
    build schools and clinics

8
Tanzania
  • Many tourist come to see Serengeti Plain
  • Mt. Kilimanjaro is tallest in Africa
  • Great Rift Valley is in the center and western
    border
  • Lakes Tanganyika and Victoria

9
Tanzanias Economy
  • 80 farm or herd
  • Important crops include coffee and sisal (a plant
    fiber used to make rope and twine)
  • Cloves are used to flavor ham

10
Tanzanias Economy
  • Tourism is fastest growing industry
  • Habitat - type of environment in which a
    particular animal species lives
  • Serengeti National Park covers 5,600 square miles
  • Ecotourists people who travel to another
    country to view its natural wonders
  • Preserving farmland, planting trees

11
Tanzanias History and Government
  • 1964 Zanzibar and Tanganyika united to form
    Tanzania
  • Socialist government in 1960s
  • Free enterprise in 1990s
  • Democratic elections recently

12
Tanzanian Culture
  • 120 ethnic groups
  • Most speak Swahili
  • Main religions are Christianity and Islam
  • Music and dance are important
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