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The Positive Behavior Support Initiative in North Carolina

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Cultivating the Flower Garden The Positive Behavior Support Initiative in North Carolina Behavior Support & Special Programs, Exceptional Children Division – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Positive Behavior Support Initiative in North Carolina


1
The Positive Behavior Support Initiative in
North Carolina
  • Cultivating the Flower Garden

Behavior Support Special Programs, Exceptional
Children Division North Carolina Department of
Public Instruction
2
Sowing the Seeds
  • The beginnings of PBS in NC

3
NC State Improvement Program
  • Funded through IDEA
  • Five year program
  • Began in August 2000
  • 7 Reading Centers
  • 1 Mathematics Center
  • 1 Behavioral Support Center

4
NC State Improvement Program
  • One Elementary School selected as the Positive
    Behavioral Support Center
  • Given 85,000/ year for a part of two positions
    to implement the program.

5
Additional Regional Positive Behavioral
Support Programs
  • Four additional schools selected in the winter,
    2001
  • Five more schools selected in winter, 2002
  • Six schools selected in spring, 2003
  • These schools were given 10,000 / year.

6
Connected to OSEP Technical Assistance Center
  • Contracted with Lucille Eber to provide PBS
    training in February, 2002.
  • Invited to the implementers PBIS Leadership Forum
    in September, 2002.
  • Began to receive information from the National
    Technical Assistance Center on Positive
    Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS)

7
Sprouts
  • PBS Pilot Sites

8
PBS Leadership Team
  • North Carolina Participants in the PBS Leadership
    Forum met to create a PBS Leadership Team in
    November, 2002.
  • Expanded group to include parent and LEA
    representation.
  • Developed first implementation plan.

9
Statewide Training Initiative
  • Investigated PBS training curricula in 2002-03.
  • Selected modules developed by Dr. Tim Lewis from
    Missouri
  • 2003-2004 Dr. Lewis trained 12 coaches/trainers
    with 12 new school teams
  • Added coaches/trainers from existing sites

10
NC PBS Training Initiative
  • 2003-04 school year trained 40 trainers
  • 31 were from LEAs, including 1 Charter School
  • These trainers agreed to train 110 new schools
    from their LEAs and other LEAs in 2004-05.

11
Formal Action Plan
  • 2003 - 2004
  • PBS Leadership Team completed Self Assessment
    Tool from the PBIS Implementers Blue Print
  • Developed three year North Carolina PBS Action
    Plan.

12
NC PBS Training Initiative2004-05
  • 120 new schools received training
  • 65 school teams completed all 3 modules
  • 4 Youth Development Centers trained
  • 50 LEAs had schools and trainers

13
Seedlings
  • Nurturing Systems Change

14
Development of Resources
  • 2005
  • Exceptional Children Assistance Center
  • Developed North Carolina PBS Brochure
  • Filmed School-wide Positive Behavior Support in
    North Carolina

15
NC Positive Behavior Support Initiative 2005-06
  • 65 Traditional LEAs
  • 4 Charter Schools
  • 5 Youth Development Centers
  • Eastern School of the Deaf
  • More than 76 PBS trainers in the state


16
NC Positive Behavior Support Initiative 2005-06
  • 293 schools in some stage of implementation
  • 12 of the schools in the state
  • 6 Regional Coordinators to support implementing
    schools/districts

17
PBS Regional Coordinators
  • Five positions for traditional LEAs
  • One Charter School position
  • Hosted by LEAs that already have PBS school to be
    a demonstration site.
  • 2/3 time coordinating PBS training and efforts in
    region of the state or for Charter Schools

18
Blooms Blossoms
  • Supporting Implementing Schools

19
North Carolina Positive Behavior Support
Initiative2006-07
  • 548 Participating Schools
  • 532 Traditional Schools
  • 9 Charter Schools
  • 5 Youth Development Centers
  • Two Schools for the Deaf
  • 81 School Systems!

20
Traditional School Breakdown
  • 302 Elementary Schools
  • 148 Middle Schools
  • 53 High Schools
  • 29 Alternative Schools

21
Implementation in 2007-08
  • 260 new schools participating in training
  • Additional LEAs
  • New trainers
  • Development of in-school coaches
  • Exceptional Children Assistance Center creating
    middle school implementation DVD

22
Legislative Support
  • Positive Behavior Support Coordinator position
    was created by the Legislature.
  • It is a new state position.
  • Heather Reynolds began January 14, 2008.

23
North CarolinaPositive Behavior Support
Initiative
Currently, about 85of the counties/local
education agencies in the state have at least one
school participating in the North Carolina
Positive Behavior Support Initiative.
24
North CarolinaPositive Behavior Support
Initiative
Steady growth has been evident.
25
North CarolinaPositive Behavior Support
Initiative
Improving and sustaining the effort has been
supported with continued state funding and local
education agencies are kicking in to support the
effective programs in their schools.
26
Annuals Perennials
  • Capacity-building Sustainability

27
Implementation Plan for PBS
  • Three Components
  • Training Awareness, Training of School Teams
    and Coach/Trainers, and Advanced Training
  • Visibility and Political Support
  • Evaluation

28
PBS Systems Implementation Logic
Visibility
Political Support
Funding
Leadership Team
Active Coordination
Evaluation
Training
Coaching
Local School Teams/Demonstrations
29
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30
Vision All schools in North Carolina will
implement Positive Behavior Support as an
effective and proactive process for improving
social competence and academic achievement. Missi
on To provide leadership, professional
development, resources, and on-going support in
order for schools to successfully implement
Positive Behavior Support
31
State Leadership Team
Visibility Political Support
  • Goals
  • Maintain an up-to-date PBS Website.
  • Coordinate and inform all depts./divisions at DPI
    regarding PBS updates
  • Increase awareness of North Carolinas mission
    and vision for PBS
  • Facilitate networking among all PBS stakeholders

32
State Leadership Team
Training Coaching
  • Goals
  • Current registry of trainers/coaches
  • Current registry of participating LEAs, contact
    people/coordinators, schools
  • Provide Training, Support, and Networking
    Opportunities for Trainers, Coaches,
    Coordinators
  • Fidelity of Training Implementation
  • Inclusion of IHEs
  • Inclusion of PBS in standards for Education
    Leadership Candidates, preservice/graduate
    personnel 
  • Support Creation of Durable Systems

33
State Leadership Team
Assessment Evaluation
  • Goals
  • Determine specific data to be collected
    statewide
  • Create a plan for obtaining a thorough evaluation
    of the PBS Program in North Carolina

34
State PBS Consultant
Position now filled by Heather Reynolds Solone,
as a result of legislative action. The PBS
consultant is part of the Behavior Support
Special Programs Section of the EC Division, led
by Chief, Diann Irwin.
35
Regional Coordinators
  • Regional responsibilities include the following
  • 2/3 of the time working with PBS implementation
    in the region and state (14 or 15 work days per
    work month).
  • Attend PBS coordinator meetings and training.
  • Host state and regional meetings for implementing
    schools.
  • Coordinate regional PBS training.
  • Provide PBS Awareness Presentations in the region.

36
Regional Coordinators
  • Regional responsibilities include the following
  • Work with PBS LEA trainers to complete School
    Evaluation Tools.
  • Help plan PBS summer institute and conference
    presentations.
  • Visit implementing schools in other LEAs, as
    possible.
  • Provide PBS technical assistance and support in
    the region.
  • Coordinate data collection for the region.
  • Assist local PBS trainers with using and
    understanding data.
  • Stay informed about national PBS research.
  • Coordinate with Behavior Support Consultant from
    the region.

37
Regional Coordinators
  • Expected LEA responsibilities for the position
    include
  • Coach participating schools in LEA.
  • Help train new schools in LEA.
  • Direct data management and program evaluation.
  • Chair School System PBS Leadership Team.
  • Work with PBS trainers and chair persons in LEA.
  • Link between schools, leadership team and
    leadership of school system.
  • See that School Evaluation Tool is completed for
    each implementing school in LEA.
  • Manage school system action plan.

38
LEA Coordinator
  • Coordinate with PBS Regional Coordinator from the
    region.
  • Attend PBS coordinator meetings and training.
  • Coordinate LEA PBS training.
  • Provide PBS Awareness Presentations in the LEA.
  • Provide PBS technical assistance and support in
    the LEA.
  • Host LEA meetings for implementing schools.
  • Visit implementing schools.
  • Work with PBS coaches, trainers, and chair
    persons in LEA.
  • Assist local PBS teams with using and
    understanding data.
  • Stay informed about national PBS research.

39
LEA Coordinator
  • Direct data management and program evaluation.
  • Chair School System PBS Leadership Team.
  • See that School Evaluation Tool is completed for
    each implementing school in LEA.
  • Coordinate data collection for the LEA and send
    to Regional Coordinator.
  • Link between schools, leadership team, and
    leadership of school system.
  • Manage school system action plan.

40
External Coach
  • Coordinate with PBS LEA Coordinator.
  • Attend PBS Coach meetings and training.
  • Attend LEA PBS Leadership Team meetings
  • Coordinate LEA PBS training.
  • Provide PBS technical assistance and support in
    the LEA.
  • Facilitate LEA meetings for implementing schools.
  • Attend implementing school team meetings.
  • Work with PBS trainers and school teams in LEA.
  • Assist local PBS teams with using and
    understanding data.
  • Stay informed about national PBS research.
  • Complete School Evaluation Tool for each
    implementing school in LEA.
  • Coordinate data collection for school teams send
    to LEA Coordinator.
  • Link between schools and LEA Coordinator.
  • Assist schools with action planning.

41
Trainer
  • Work with PBS Regional Coordinator LEA
    Coordinator to plan trainings.
  • Complete the train-the-trainer process.
  • Participate in all 3 Modules as a team member.
  • Co-train all 3 Modules with an experienced
    trainer.
  • Achieve competence and train independently.
  • Attend Trainer refreshers and updates.
  • Provide support and technical assistance for
    school teams.
  • Complete annual self-assessment and competency
    requirements.

42
Team Leader (In School Coach)
Coordinate with LEA/External Coach LEA
Coordinator. Attend PBS coach meetings and
training. Facilitate team meetings for your
school. Assist teams with using and understanding
data. Stay informed about national PBS
research. Coordinate completion of School
Evaluation Tool. Coordinate data collection and
send to LEA Coach.
43
School Administrator
Recorder
Data Manager
Time-keeper
Communication Coordinator
Parents
Students
School Staff
Community
44
Positive Behavior Support Training Opportunities
and Support
  • Regional and LEA Trainings
  • PBS Summer Institute
  • PBS Workshops Training for LEA Coaches and
    Coordinators
  • DVD for principals new to PBS schools

45
Adding Vegetables to the Garden
  • Braiding Initiatives

46
Integration with Other Efforts
  • Systems of Care
  • Meeting hosted by Charlotte/Mecklenburg
  • Discussed integration of PBS and SOC
  • SOC Coordinators requested additional information
    about PBS
  • PBS presentations at SOC regional meetings
  • Has led to PBS/Behavior support participation at
    local SOC meetings

47
Integration with Other Efforts
  • Preschool Behavior Education
  • Joint meeting 2/13/08 at DPI
  • Connection between people who work with Preschool
    Children and School-aged Children around behavior
    and social skills
  • Grant for Preschool Training
  • Additional meetings planned to increase
    collaboration

48
Integration with Other Efforts
  • Family Involvement
  • Help PBS teams determine ways to involve and
    support families at all levels of the continuum
  • Epsteins Model of parent involvement
    Parenting, communication, volunteering, learning
    at home, decision-making, community collaboration
  • Training will ask teams to identify a
    task/project to address each of the six areas at
    each of the three levels of continuum
  • Pilot training 08-09

49
Integration of DPI Efforts
  • School Improvement
  • Responsiveness to Instruction
  • Positive Behavior Support
  • Instructional Consultation
  • Reading Initiative
  • Etc.

50
School Improvement
51
Fruits Bouquets
  • Implementation Data

52
Evaluations
  • Annual evaluation with Bob Algozzine from
    UNC-Charlotte
  • Duke University has started evaluation of eight
    schools
  • Positive Behavior Support Consultant will work
    with others in NCDPI to analyze relevant data.

53
North CarolinaPositive Behavior Support
Initiative
More elementary schools (77) had SET Total
scores of 80 or higher than middle (44) or high
schools (25). Higher levels were also evident in
elementary schools for the SET Expectations
Taught subscale.
54
North CarolinaPositive Behavior Support
Initiative
Office discipline referral data from schools
implementing PBS in North Carolina compare
favorably with national averages.
55
North CarolinaPositive Behavior Support
Initiative
There has been a consistent decrease in
suspensions across schools implementing PBS over
the past three years.
56
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57
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58
Asheboro City Schools
  • 8 out of the 8 schools ( about 4700 students)
    have teams trained in PBS.
  • Out of School suspension occurrences for the
    entire system
  • 2003-2004 646 OSS occurrences
  • 2004-2005 562 OSS occurrences
  • 2005-2006 329 OSS occurrences
  • 2006-2007 497 OSS occurrences (Increase in
    2006-07, but reduction since beginning of
    implementation)

59
Pine Valley Elementary SchoolNew Hanover County
Schools
60
Pine Valley Elementary SchoolNew Hanover County
Schools
Year Total Referrals Administrator Time Instructional Time
2003-04 944 236 hours - 36 days 708 hours - 109 days
2004-05 644 161 hours 11 days 483 hours 35 days
2005-06 480 120 hours 6 days 360 hours 19 days
2006-07 321 80 hours 6 days 241 hours 18 days
61
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62
While achievement differences were not
statistically significant across schools with
different levels of implementation, effect sizes
reflecting practical differences were large (.55
for reading and .98 for mathematics).
63
Charlotte/Mecklenburg Implementation Data
  • Elementary PBIS schools increased the number of
    students passing the EOG reading test as they
    progressed from grades 3 to 5 by 13.9, compared
    to 7.7 for similar non-implementing schools.
  • Elementary bus behavior decreased by 5.73
    between first and fourth quarter for 2006-07.

64
Charlotte/Mecklenburg Implementation Data
  • West Charlotte High school reduced suspension
    days by 39 between 05-06 and 06-07.
  • Mountain Islands enrollment grew by 17.6
    between 05-06 and 06-07, but the average
    referrals per day only grew by 3.
  • Hidden Valley Elementary reduced office
    discipline referrals by 68 and suspension events
    by 77 between 05-06 and 06-07.

65
Cultivating Your Garden
  • Essential to Plan for
  • Seeding
  • Time for germination
  • Dealing with fertilizer
  • Expect some plants youve never seen before
  • Insurance for floods/droughts

66
Helpful Information
  • www.ncpublicschools.org/positivebehavior
  • Diann Irwin dirwin_at_dpi.state.nc.us
  • Heather Reynolds hreynolds_at_dpi.state.nc.us
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