You Are the Emergency Medical Responder - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – You Are the Emergency Medical Responder PowerPoint presentation | free to download - id: 793977-ZDI4Z



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

You Are the Emergency Medical Responder

Description:

Suctioning Use of sterile suction catheters of appropriate size ... (adults and children) ... You Are the Emergency Medical Responder You reposition the patient ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:43
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 10
Provided by: Mom206
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: You Are the Emergency Medical Responder


1
You Are the Emergency Medical Responder
Lesson 15 Airway Management
  • As border security in the immediate vicinity and
    trained as an emergency medical responder (EMR),
    you respond to a call at one of the docks for an
    unconscious adult who collapsed for no apparent
    reason. You size-up the scene and notice that a
    middle-age male is lying prone on the floor and
    not moving. You discover that the patients chest
    does not rise when you attempt ventilations.

2
Suctioning
  • Process of removing foreign matter, such as
    mucus, fluid or blood, from a patients upper
    airway
  • Two types of devices
  • Mechanical electrically
  • powered
  • Manual hand powered
  • no energy source
  • Use of sterile suction catheters of appropriate
    size
  • Airflow of gt40 LPM at end of delivery tube
  • Vacuum of gt300 mmHg when clamped

3
Airway Adjuncts
  • Mechanical airway adjuncts
  • Oral (Oropharyngeal)
  • airways (OPAs)
  • Nasal (Nasopharyngeal) airways (NPAs)
  • They keep the tongue (the most common cause of
    airway obstruction) away from the back of the
    throat.
  • OPAs are only for unconscious, unresponsive
    patients without a gag reflex.

4
Airway Obstructions
  • Anatomical obstruction from?
  • The tongue
  • Swollen tissues of the mouth, tongue or throat
  • Mechanical obstruction from?
  • Foreign objects, such as food or toys
  • Fluids, such as vomit

5
Foreign Body Airway Obstruction
  • Universal sign a conscious person who is
    clutching the throat
  • Mild or partial FBAO
  • Ability to move some air to and from the lungs
  • Forcibly coughing, which is encouraged
  • Severe FBAO
  • Inability to cough, speak, cry or breathe
  • Immediate action is necessary

6
Measures to Relieve FBAO
  • Conscious patient
  • Continued forcible coughing
  • Back blows
  • Abdominal thrusts (adults and children)
  • Chest thrusts (for infants, pregnant women and
    patients too large to reach around)
  • Unconscious patient
  • Chest compressions
  • Finger sweep if object is visible in the mouth

7
Scenario
  • While attending a picnic, you notice that a
    4-year-old boy begins coughing very forcibly
    while eating a hot dog. His mother appears
    frantic and begins shouting for help. As a
    trained EMR, you respond to the mothers call for
    help.

8
You Are the Emergency Medical Responder
  • You reposition the patients airway and attempt
    2 ventilations, but the chest still does
    not rise.

After a few minutes of care, the patients chest
begins to rise and fall with the ventilations,
but he is not breathing on his own.
9
Nasal Airway
  • Uses
  • Conscious, responsive patient
  • Unconscious patient
  • Contraindications for use
  • Suspected head trauma
  • Suspected skull fracture
  • Lubrication of airway with water-soluble
    lubricant is necessary
  • Insertion with bevel of airway toward septum
About PowerShow.com