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Step Up To: Psychology by John J. Schulte, Psy.D.


Step Up To: Psychology by John J. Schulte, Psy.D. Psychology, Eighth Edition By David G. Myers Worth Publishers (2007) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Step Up To: Psychology by John J. Schulte, Psy.D.

Step Up To Psychology by John J. Schulte, Psy.D.
  • Psychology, Eighth Edition
  • By David G. Myers
  • Worth Publishers
  • (2007)

1. Cones are different from rods in that
  • A) rods respond to color.
  • B) cones respond to color.
  • C) cones need less light.
  • D) B and C are true.

2. The center of the retina is the ___ and has
mostly ___.
  • A) fovea cones
  • B) fovea rods
  • C) blind spot ganglion cells
  • D) optic disk nerves

3. The lens thins or thickens to focus light in
a process known as
  • A) visual sharpening.
  • B) lens bending.
  • C) accommodation.
  • D) optic chiasm.

4. Webers law has to do with the ___ of a
  • A) absolute threshold
  • B) just noticeable difference
  • C) subliminal threshold
  • D) sensory adaptation

If someone is severely damaged in the left visual
cortex, they would be unable to see
  • A) anything in their left eye.
  • B) anything in their right eye.
  • C) anything in their right visual field.
  • D) anything in their left visual field.

6. Frequency is to ___ as amplitude is to ___.
  • A) pitch loudness
  • B) loudness pitch
  • C) pitch timbre
  • D) decibels hertz

7. The sequence of hearing is in the order of
  • A) eardrum, auditory canal, middle ear, inner
  • B) cochlea, eardrum, middle ear, inner ear.
  • C) eardrum, middle ear, auditory canal, cochlea.
  • D) auditory canal, eardrum, middle ear, cochlea.

8. Normal conversation (60 decibels) is ___
times louder than a 20 decibel whisper.
  • A) 3
  • B) 10,000
  • C) 100
  • D) 3,000

9. The ___ has the sensory receptors for sound
consisting of tiny, hair-like fibers.
  • A) ear canal
  • B) stirrup
  • C) basilar membrane
  • D) tympanic membrane

10. Nerve deafness
  • A) can be caused by exposure to amplitude over 80
  • B) can be corrected by a hearing aid.
  • C) is more likely the result of heavy traffic
    than by a rock concert.
  • D) all of the above.

11. Unlike other senses, the sense of ___ does
not travel to the thalamus, but goes directly to
the cerebral cortex.
  • A) gustation
  • B) olfaction
  • C) vestibular
  • D) kinesthesia

12. Receptor cells have been identified for five
tastes including sweet, salty, sour, ___ and ___.
  • A) wet rough
  • B) hot bitter
  • C) spicy acrid
  • D) bitter umami

13. The kinesthetic sense involves
  • A) the sense of balance or equilibrium.
  • B) the sense of pain.
  • C) the location and position of body parts in
    relation to each other.
  • D) hair-like receptor cells in the semicircular

14. The gate-control theory has to do with
  • A) how the brain regulates pain.
  • B) how the brain sensitizes us to feel more
  • C) providing information about body position and
  • D) difference thresholds in the sense of touch.

15. Although Jeremy lost his left leg beneath the
knee, he often experiences great pain in his left
foot. This is known as
  • A) psychosomatic pain.
  • B) phantom limb pain.
  • C) substance P overload.
  • D) ineffective pain gate.

16. Analyzing that begins with the sensory
receptors and works up to the brains integration
of data is called
  • A) sensory processing.
  • B) bottom-up processing.
  • C) natural order integration.
  • D) informational flow.

17. The minimum stimulus necessary to detect it
50 of the time is called the
  • A) central tendency.
  • B) minimum flash point.
  • C) absolute threshold.
  • D) sensory half-life.

18. A movie theaters manager wants to sell more
popcorn by flashing subliminal advertising during
the previews. You tell him
  • A) subliminal persuasion doesnt work.
  • B) he needs to do it several times.
  • C) he must accompany it with a bell.
  • D) he has to time it differently for it to
    work on different people.

19. According to the Young-Helmholtz theory, the
retina contains color receptors
  • A) which pick up opponent colors of red/green,
    blue/yellow, black/white.
  • B) of three types, sensitive to red, green and
  • C) of three types, sensitive to red, blue and
  • D) none of the above.

20. Applying Webers Law to business, if a 5
meal has to increase to 5.50 for us to notice
much of a difference, how much would a 20,000
car have to increase for us to notice?
  • A) 2,000
  • B) 200
  • C) 5,000
  • D) 1,000

21. Mr. Jones has sensorineural hearing loss. 
His best chance of correcting his hearing is by
  • A) a hearing aid.
  • B) using bone conduction.
  • C) a cochlear implant.
  • D) any of the above would be helpful.

22. ___ theory assumes that stimulus detection
depends on experience, expectations, motivation,
and level of alertness.
  • A) Stimulus-response
  • B) Choice pattern recognition
  • C) Signal detection
  • D) Sensory consolidation

23. In nearsightedness, the light rays coming
into the eye
  • A) fail to focus in the eye.
  • B) focus in front of the retina.
  • C) focus behind the retina.
  • D) always register as a blur.

24 The blind spot does not normally impair
vision because
  • A) the eyes are constantly moving
  • B) what one eye misses the other sees.
  • C) our brain fills in the spaces.
  • D) all of the above.

25. Unlike computers, our brain is able to
perform several operations at once, called
  • A) sensory redundancy.
  • B) serial processing.
  • C) cognitive flow.
  • D) parallel processing.

Stop here, or continue as a review
1. B
2. A
3. C
4. B
5. C
6. A
7. D
8. B
9. C
10. A
11. B
12. D
13. C
14. A
15. B
16. B
17. C
18. A
19. C
20. A
21. D
22. C
23. B
24. D
25. D