To learn our next subjunctive function, we need to know our terms: indicative vs. subjunctive - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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To learn our next subjunctive function, we need to know our terms: indicative vs. subjunctive

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To learn our next subjunctive function, we need to know our terms: indicative vs. subjunctive Check for understanding: Conjugate the verb hablar in the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: To learn our next subjunctive function, we need to know our terms: indicative vs. subjunctive


1
To learn our next subjunctive function, we need
to know our terms indicative vs. subjunctive
2
Check for understanding Conjugate the verb
hablar in the subjunctive mood.
  • Es importante que
  • Yo hable.
  • Tú hables.
  • Usted/él/ella hable.
  • Nosotros hablemos.
  • Ustedes/ellos(as) hablen.

3
Now, conjugate hablar in the indicative mood.
  • Yo hablo.
  • Tú hablas.
  • Usted/él/ella habla.
  • Nosotros hablamos.
  • Ustedes/ellos(as) hablan.

4
  • When we want to express hopes, wishes and
    desires, we need to use both the indicative and
    the subjunctive.

5
  • Heres how The verb that expresses the hope or
    wish (desear, esperar, querer) should be in the
    indicative, while the verb following que should
    be in the subjunctive.
  • i.e. Ella desea que su amigo venga.
  • (indicative)
    (subjunctive)
  • She wishes that her friend would come.

6
  • But remember There must be a change of subject
    for the subjunctive to be used.
  • Use the infinitive and omit que if there is no
    change of subject.
  • i.e. Su amigo quiere venir.
  • Her friend wants to come.

7
  • In English, we can express wishes in 3 ways
  • I want her to eat.
  • I hope she eats.
  • I wish she would eat.
  • In Spanish, we use the same 3 verbs to express
    hopes, wishes, and desires
  • Querer to want
  • Esperar to hope for
  • Desear to wish

8
OJALÁ
  • Ojalá has only one form and cannot be
    conjugated. It can be translated hopefully or
    I hope.
  • Ojalá can be used with or without que. Either
    way, it is used with the subjunctive.
  • Ojalá no haya clase. Ojalá que ella
    venga pronto.
  • Hopefully there is no class. Hopefully she
    comes soon.

9
Summing up
  • The 4 ways to express hope using subjunctive
  • Ojalá (que)
  • Or
  • Any of the following 3 verbs que
  • 2) desear
  • 3) esperar
  • 4) querer
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