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Subjunctive Mood

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Title: Subjunctive Mood


1
(No Transcript)
2
Subjunctive Mood ????
3
?. ????????????????
???? If ??????? ???????
??
??
??
would/could/should/might V (?)
??? (were)
would/could/should/might have done
had done
1.??? 2. should V.(?) 3. were to do
would/could/should/might V. (?)
4
  • ??????????,?????????
  • If it were not raining, we should go for a
    picnic.
  • ??????,?????????
  • If he came here, he might be able to help you.

5
  • ???????????,????????????
  • She would have gone to the party if she had been
    invited.
  • ?????,????????,????????
  • If she hadn't called me, I would have overslept
    this morning.

6

  • ?????????,??????? If I were to be twenty years
    old next year, I would take the course of French.
  • ??????,???????
  • If it should fail, I would try again.

7
1.?????5??,?????????
If you _______ here five minutes earlier,you
_______________ the bus .
had got
Would have caught
2.???????,???????
If I ____ not busy, I _________ you now.
were
would help
3.???????,??????
should
were to snow
What _____ we do if it __________ tomorrow?
8
If I ____________busy last night, I
_____________ to see the film with you .
had not been
would have gone
9
If he more carefully, he
the car accident
yesterday.
had driven
would not have had
10
If I ___________(know) your telephone number,
had known
I _________________________ (telephone) you
yesterday..
would have telephoned
11
?. ????????
1. wish ?????
?? ???(were) ?? ?????(had done) ??
would/could/might V.(?) should
I wish everyday were my birthday.
I wish I hadn't eaten so much food.
I wish I would grow tall.
12
  • ?????????????
  • I wish I were ten years younger now.
  • ????????????
  • I wish I had met him yesterday.
  • ???????????
  • I wish I would be a scientist.

13
?? ?? ??
???
?????
2. would rather that
???
? I would rather you paid me now. ? I would
rather I hadnt come yesterday. ? I would rather
you came tomorrow.
14
?? ??
???
3. as if /though ??
?????
? She loves the baby as if it were her own son. ?
I remember the whole thing as if it had happened
yesterday.
15
? ?????????????? They talked as if they had been
friends for years. ? ????????? He looks as if
he were drunk. ?????????? she looked as if she
were made of ice.
16
???(were) Should(??) V.
4. Its (about/high) time that
Its high time that you went. Its high time that
you were going. Its high time that you should go.
?????
Its time that we went to bed. Its time that we
should go to bed.
????????
17
5. ????,??,??????????should ????, ???should???
???? ????, ????, ????,
?????? 1). insist 2). order, command 3).
advise, suggest, propose 4). demand, require,
request, ask
18
I suggest that we (should) hold a meeting next
week. He insisted that he (should) be sent there.
?? ?suggest, insist????? ??????????,
???????????????????,??????????
19
1. The guard at gate insisted that everybody ____
(obey) the rules. 2. He insisted that she ___
(be)seriously ill and that ______ (send) to
hospital at once.
obey
was
be sent
3. He suggested that we ____ (have) a meeting at
once. 4. His pale face suggested that he ___ (be)
ill.
have
was
20
???????????????????????, ????????????????,
?????????(should)???? order, advice, suggestion,
proposal, demand, request
21
6. Its necessary/strange/natural/
important/pity/no wonder/impossible that
??,??????????, ?(should)????
???????????????? It is important that we ( should
) master a foreign language.
22
  • ???????????????
  • It is strange that she refuse to come to the
    party.
  • ? ?????????
  • Its necessary that we should study hard.

23
7. ??????If only ???????, ????? If only I
were a flying bird! How I wish I were a flying
bird! ????????????! If only I had seen the
film! How I wish I had seen the film!
24
8.???If it were not for?If it had not been for
??????????
  • If it were not for the rain , the crops would
    die.

25
  • ????????,????????????
  • If it had not been for your help , we couldnt
    have finished the work ahead of time.
  • But for your help
  • Without your help
  • Had it not been for your help,

26
  • 9. ???????
  • ???????????????



    ??,???????????????????????????????,?????????????
    ??????????????????(?????),???????(?????)?

27
  • ??????????,?????????
  • He would pass the test if he had taken my advice.
  • ??????????,????????????
  • If I had spoken to him yesterday, I should know
    what to do now.
  • ??????,???????????? If I were you , I would not
    have broken the glass.

28
  • 10.??if???
  • ?????????????were,had?should?,???if,?were,had?sh
    ould?????????,???????
  • ?????????,??????
  • Had you not helped me, I should have failed.

29














  • ? ?????????,????????
  • Were you in my position, you would do the same.
  • ? ????????,?????????????
  • Should they attack us, well wipe them out
    completely.

30
1._______he come, the problem would be settled. A
would . B should . C shall . D
if . 2. _______, man could not live at all
. A were it not for the sun . B if it
was for the sun . C had it not been for the
sun. D if it shouldnt be for the sun. 3.
______. Everything would have been all right. A
had he been here . B here he had been . C
been here he had . D had he been here
. 4.___fired, your health care and other benefits
will not be immediately cut off . A would you
be . B should you be . C could you be .
D might you be .
exercises
31
???????????????
  1. ??????????????????????????????????????????????????
    ??????????

If the United States had built more homes
for poor people in 1955, the housing problems now
in some parts of this country______ so serious.
A. wouldnt be B. will not have
been C. wouldnt have been D. would have not
been
v
32
??????????,????????? ? If you had followed my
advice, you would be better
now. ??????????,??????????,??????????? ? If you
had studied hard before, you would be a college
student now, and you would graduate from a
college in four years time.
33
? ????????? ??????should, were, had?????, ??? if
??,???????????
_______she a man, she might be elected
president. A. If were B. Were C. Be
D. Is
v
34
If I had time, I would come. If it should rain
tomorrow, we would not go climbing. Had I time,
I would come. Should it rain tomorrow, we would
not go climbing.
35
? ???????????without, or, otherwise , but
for?????????
  • I lost your address, otherwise I____you long
    before.
  • A. had visited B. have visited
  • C. would have visited D. should visit

v
36
??????,?????????? Without your help, we couldnt
have succeeded in the experiment. ??????,????????
? But for the rain, we would have finished the
work.
37
????????????If only, insist, suggest?Its
time/necessary/important that?????
  • ?If only I          to my parents advice!A.
    listening            B. listen                    
     
  • C. am listening        D. had listened
  • ?His silence at the meeting suggested that he
              to your plan.A. shouldnt agree  B.
    wouldnt agree       
  •   C. hadnt agreed D. didnt agree

v
v
38
? The old professor gave orders that the
experiment          before 6. A. was finished  
B. will finish  C. be finished    D. shall
be finished
v
? Its high time he          home.   A. goes   
B. went        C. will go       D. is going
to go
v
?Even if he _______(be) here, he couldnt solve
the problem. A. was B. were
C. be D. is
v
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