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Can the Islamic World and democracy coexist?

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Title: Can Islam and democracy coexist? Author: Schools Last modified by: Hemel Dhanjee Created Date: 3/21/2007 1:38:29 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Can the Islamic World and democracy coexist?


1
Can the Islamic World and democracy coexist?
By Hemal Dhanjee
2
The Islamic World
  • Islamic based countries throughout the world
  • Comprised of 55 nations, 1.4 billion people
    (Almost 1/3 of the worlds population)
  • The Heart of the Islamic world is the Middle East
  • Some Islamic countries are located in parts of
    Northern Africa, and small parts of Asia

3
The Islamic World and democracy
  • Can the Islamic World and democracy coexist?
    has been asked for many years.
  • Significant through 9/11
  • Democracy building remains an uphill struggle for
    many Muslim countries
  • Currently, there are no Islamic countries that
    are a full-fledged democracy

4
Questions
  • Is democracy strictly a Western concept?
  • Does Muslim fundamentalism destroy all aspects of
    democracy?
  • Can Islamic society live safely and harmoniously
    under the rule of authoritative regimes?
  • Are Muslim extremists holding back the Islamic
    World from democratizing?
  • Does the Quran and Sharia law preach
    undemocratic behaviour?

5
Thesis
  • The Islamic World and democracy cannot coexist
    because of the prevalence of corrupt governments,
    conservative Islams disregard for human rights,
    and the grip of influence that Muslim extremists
    have on the development of Islam.

6
Arguments
  • The prevalence of corrupt governments in Islamic
    dominated countries makes democracy building
    difficult
  • The Islamic world is fundamentally undemocratic
    because the beliefs and ideologies of
    conservative Muslims are opposed to the
    democratic value of human rights
  • Democracy cannot prevail in the Islamic World
    because of the strong influence that Muslim
    extremists have on society.

7
Islam and democracy cannot coexist because of the
prevalence of corrupt governments, conservative
Islams disregard for human rights, and the grip
of influence that Muslim extremists have on the
development of Islam .
  • Argument 1 The prevalence of corrupt
    governments.
  • Most Muslim countries dysfunctional, corrupt,
    repressive states are neither willing nor capable
    of reform.
  • elites and tribal/traditional leaders usually
    keep a monopoly over state power.
  • Countries like Afghanistan cannot democratize by
    themselves because the only candidates they can
    vote for are corrupt.
  • Lebanon, Iran, Syria, Palestine, former Iraq
  • Can corruption and democracy really work?

8
Islam and democracy cannot coexist because of the
prevalence of corrupt governments, Conservative
Islams disregard for human rights, and the grip
of influence that Muslim extremists have on the
development of Islam.
  • Argument 2 Conservative Islams disregard for
    human rights
  • World of Islam is dominated by Conservative
    Muslims Muslims who have a medieval
    interpretation of the Quran and Sharia law (Not
    open to change)
  • The Muslim world cannot be democratic until it
    reforms its position on women.
  • Conservative Muslims are reluctant to practice
    basic human rights
  • They objected to several articles of the
    Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR)
  • Equality of marriage rights (Muslim-non-Muslim
    marriage is forbidden)
  • Freedom to change ones religion or belief
  • Equality of gender roles and obligations
  • How can the Islamic World be democratic if there
    is such a strong belief against Human Rights?

9
Islam and democracy cannot coexist because of the
prevalence of corrupt governments, conservative
Islams disregard for human rights, and the grip
of influence that Muslim extremists have on the
development of Islam.
  • Argument 3 The grip of influence that Muslim
    extremists have on the development of Islam.
  • Islamic extremists are growing in popularity
  • Terrorist groups (al-Qaeda) are antithetical to
    democratic values
  • Terrorist Organizations focus on religious zeal
    to appeal to the masses.
  • Belief that dictatorship is good ? Allows
    terrorist groups to take advantage.
  • Example Terrorist organization Hamas elected
    party of Palestine.
  • Doesnt democracy look bleak if terrorist
    organizations are gaining responsible roles in
    government?

10
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11
Counter Arguments
  • Women are slowly, but surely, being liberated and
    granted human rights they have never had before.
  • Even though conservative Muslims are having a
    strong impact on the Islamic World, reformist and
    secular Muslims are gaining a stronger voice.
  • Terrorist Organizations can provide for the
    betterment of society once they are given
    political power.
  • (Hamas new democratic outlook seems
    promising. Not only was this the first time that
    Hamas participated in elections, but they
    campaigned entirely on an anticorruption, social
    services and assertive nationalism plan. )

12
Works Cited
  • Aisha Ahmad. Warload Democracy in Afghanistan.
    2005. 26 Feb. 2007. http//www.cbc.ca/news/viewpo
    int/vp_ahmad/20050721.html
  • Brian Handwerk. Can Islam and Democracy Coexist?
    2003. 17 Feb. 07. http//news.nationalgeographi
    c.com/news/2003/10/1021_031021_islamicdemocra cy.h
    tml
  • Hearnden, Alexis. Islam and Democracy. 29 June
    2006. 19 Mar. 2007 lthttp//www.idebate.org/debat
    abase/topic_details.php?topicID253gt.
  • Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Beyond the
    Headlines The Hamas Democracy Hypocrisy. 28
    Sep. 2005. 19 Mar. 2007 lthttp//www.mfa.gov.il/MF
    A/AbouttheMinistry/BehindtheHeadlines/Hama sk
    idnapsandslaysJerusalembusinessman28-Sep-2005
    .htmgt.
  • Mohadessin, Mohammad. Islamic Fundamentalism.
    2003. 19 Mar. 2007 lthttp//islamic- fundamentalism
    .info/index.htmgt.
  • Smock, David. Islam and Democracy. 2002. 17 Feb.
    2007. lthttp//www.usip.org/pubs/specialrepor
    ts/sr93.htmlgt.
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