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Forms of Government Chapter 1:2

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Forms of Government Chapter 1:2 Contributions of Ancient Athens and Rome – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Forms of Government Chapter 1:2


1
Forms of Government Chapter 12
  • Contributions of Ancient Athens and Rome

2
Democracy
  • rule of the people
  • originated in Athens, Greece, between 750 and 550
    B.C.
  • controlled by an oligarchy of wealthy citizens

3
Oligarchy
  • a government in which a small group exercises
    control, especially for selfish purposes
  • often control the civil, judicial, military, and
    religious functions of government

4
Direct Democracy
  • a system of government where political decisions
    are made directly by the people rather than by
    their elected representatives

5
The Public Forum Direct democracy at work.
6
Contributions of Athens
  • majority rule
  • equality of all citizens
  • civic obligation

7
Limitations of Athenian Democracy
  • very few people were actually considered citizens
  • government leaders chosen by lotteries

8
Republic
  • aka representative democracy
  • a nation or state in which the citizens elect
    representatives to manage the government
  • established by Rome in 509 B.C.

9
Roman Social Order
  • Two main classes

10
Patricians the upper class of wealthy landowners
11
Plebeians the lower class of merchants,
shopkeepers, artisans and small farmers
12
Contributions of Rome
  • laws were written down (were eventually
    inscribed on twelve tablets and displayed in the
    Forum, or market place)
  • judges were required to handle all cases in a
    similar fashion

13
The Roman Forum
14
Principles of Roman Law used in the United States
  • all free men equal before law
  • a person is presumed not guilty until proven
    guilty
  • circumstances and motive of the accused must be
    considered
  • some rights cannot be abridged
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