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First Steps


Title: First Steps Author: Morrison Last modified by: PUSD Created Date: 10/16/2008 2:33:28 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show Other titles – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: First Steps

First Steps
  • Continued

II. The Birth of Political Parties
  • Political Parties Emerge
  • James Madison, Thomas Jefferson, Alexander
    Hamilton, and George Washington all believed
    factions were not good for the country.
  • A faction was an organized political group.
  • By the early 1790s two political parties were
    beginning to form

  • B. Republicans Against Federalists
  • 1. Republicans took their name from political
    clubs called Democratic-Republican societies.
  • a- They argued that the fed. gov. was growing
    too strong under President Washington. They
    felt most power should stay at the state and
    local level.
  • b-Republicans were supported by southern
    planters, Northern farmers and artisans.

  • 2. Federalists took their name from the people
    who had supported the adoption of the Const.
    after 1787.
  • a. Federalists said the United States needed a
    strong fed. gov. to hold the country together
    and deal with problems.
  • b. They were supported by merchants, other
    property owners and ordinary workers.

  • C. The Election of 1796
  • 1. The Republicans nominated Thomas Jefferson
    and the Federalist nominated John Adams.
  • 2. In 1796, President and Vice President were
    not elected together as a ticket, as they are
    today. Instead the candidate getting second
    place became the V.P.
  • 3. The result was Adams, a Federalist, was
    elected President and Jefferson, a Republican,
    became V.P.