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Classical Greece

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Classical Greece SS.A.2.4.4, SS.B.2.4.1-3 Persia vs. Greece 546 B.C.: the Persian empire take Ionian Greek city-states in Asia Minor 499 B.C.: Ionian cities revolt ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Classical Greece


1
Classical Greece
  • SS.A.2.4.4, SS.B.2.4.1-3

2
Persia vs. Greece
  • 546 B.C. the Persian empire take Ionian Greek
    city-states in Asia Minor
  • 499 B.C. Ionian cities revolt against the
    Persian Empire, helped by Athenian Navy
  • 490 B.C. Persian army lands on the plain of
    Marathon, lead by King Darius, but was defeated
    by the Athenian army

3
Athenian Trireme Warship
4
Persia vs. Greece
  • 486 B.C. Darius dies, replaced by Xerxes
  • Xerxes invades Greece with a huge force of about
    180,000 troops and thousands of battle and supply
    ships
  • By this time the Athens had rebuilt its navy to
    about 200 warships
  • Greeks and Persians meet at the main road to
    central GreeceThermopylae

5
Persia vs. Greece
  • Persians win at Thermopylae, due to advice from a
    Greek traitor
  • Persians move on Athens, and Athenians abandon
    their city
  • Persian and Athenian navies clash near island of
    SalamisAthenians win
  • 479 B.C. Largest Greek force to that point
    defeat Persians at Plataea

6
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7
Rise of Athens
  • After defeat of the Persians, Athens rises as the
    leader of the Greek world, create a defensive
    alliancethe Delian League
  • Delian League based on island of Delos
  • Under Athenian leadership, most Greek cities in
    the Aegean were freed from Persian control
  • 454 B.C. Control of Delian treasury moved to
    Athens, creating Athenian Empire

8
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9
Age of Pericles Democracy
  • 461-429 B.C. Pericles rises as central figure in
    Athenian politics, expanding empire and allowing
    democracy to flourish
  • Direct Democracy people directly participate in
    government decision making through mass meetings
  • Assembly43,000 men over 18, meeting every ten
    days, but attendance averaged around 5,500

10
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11
Athenian Democracy
  • Pericles thought Athenians should be proud of
    their democracy
  • He expanded participation by lower-class citizens
    by paying officials
  • 10 Generals were directors of policy
  • Ostracism, ban people from city for period of 10
    yearspottery fragment (ostrakon)
  • Athenscenter of Greek culture

12
Great Peloponnesian War
  • After war with Persians, Greece split between
    Athenian Empire Sparta
  • 431 B.C. War breaks out in Greece
  • Athenian strategy stay behind city walls, and
    get supplies from navy and colonies
  • Spartan strategy surround Athens, force them to
    fight outside walls
  • Pericles knew Spartans would win open battle

13
Trouble In Athens
  • Second year of war, plague breaks out in Athens,
    killing 1/3 of city population, including
    Pericles
  • Athens continues fighting for 25 years
  • 405 B.C. Athenian fleet destroyed at Hellespont,
    Athenian Empire falls
  • For next 66 years Athens, Sparta and Thebes
    dominate Greek politics

14
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15
Life In Athens
  • Before plague, Athens was largest city in Greece
    with 150,000 citizens
  • 43,000 voting men, 35,000 non-citizens, 100,000
    slaves
  • Economy based on farming and trade
  • Main products were sheep, grapes and olives
  • Imported 50-80 of its grain

16
Athenian Family Life Women
  • Familyhusband, wife, children, other familial
    dependents and slaves
  • Women could participate in festivals, but were
    otherwise excluded from public life
  • Women always had male protection
  • Womans jobchildbearing, housekeeping or
    supervise slaves
  • Women married at 14 or 15
  • Women could usually read and play instruments

17
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