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Athens%20vs.%20Sparta

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Athens vs. Sparta Comparison Activity As a class we will compare the following topics. There is a writing activity to follow so take notes and follow along ! – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Athens%20vs.%20Sparta


1
Athens vs. Sparta
2
Athens VS Sparta
Population / Location
Government
Social Structure
Allies/Military
Lifestyle/Values
Education
Role of Women
Cultural Achievements
Food
3
Comparison Activity
  • As a class we will compare the following topics.
    There is a writing activity to follow so take
    notes and follow along?!
  • Topics to discuss
  • Population/Location
  • Government
  • Social Structure
  • Allies/Military
  • Lifestyle/Values
  • Education
  • Role of Women
  • Cultural Achievements
  • Food

4
Population
  • Sparta
  • 8,000 Adult Males
  • Over 100,000 slaves and semi-enslaved people
  • Athens
  • 150,000 Athenians
  • 50,000 Aliens
  • 100,000 Slaves
  • Note (By 432 B.C. largest city-state)

5
Government
  • Athens
  • Direct democracy
  • Elected officials
  • 10 generals/magistrates
  • Assembly of 500 all male citizens passed laws
  • Trial by jury
  • Sparta
  • Oligarchy rule by few
  • Two kings led army
  • 5 Overseers ran day-to-day operations of Sparta
    had veto power
  • Senate 28 men over 60 elected for life acted
    as judges proposed legislation
  • Assembly all Spartan males

6
Social Structure
  • Athens
  • Freemen all male citizens
  • Upper Aristocrats
  • Land owners
  • Naval captains and military leaders
  • Middle small farmers
  • Lower craftsman
  • Metics foreigners
  • Slaves treated less harshly than other Greek
    city-states
  • Sparta
  • Spartiates Land owning military professionals
  • Perioeci foreigners who were craftsman,
    artisans
  • Helots Farmers/Slaves who worked on the
    Spartiates land
  • Gave 1/2 of all their produce to Spartiates /
    military

7
  • History Channel Battle of Thermopylae
  • Start Film at1035
  • Sparta Boy Life

https//www.youtube.com/watch?ve_1d3ZasrTA
https//www.youtube.com/watch?vv97o90bnUVs
8
Allies/Military
  • Athens
  • Delian League
  • AthensNavy
  • Great Leader Themistocles
  • Sparta
  • Peloponnesian League
  • Sparta Land Army
  • Great Leader Leonidas
  • Entire culture was focused on the art of war

9
Peloponnesian War
10
Lifestyle / Values
  • Sparta
  • Militaristic values
  • Citizens were not permitted to own luxuries
  • Travel outside the empire was banned
  • Children were taught to respect elderly, women,
    and warriors
  • Athens
  • Democratic values
  • Participation in government is a civic
    responsibility
  • Many religious holidays
  • Theatre/sporting events
  • Trading empire brought contact with many other
    cultures

11
https//www.youtube.com/watch?ve_1d3ZasrTA
12
Education
  • Athens
  • Boys Schools taught reading, writing and
    mathematics, music, poetry, sport and gymnastics
  • Ages 5-14 (wealthy went until 18)
  • Academies were set up to study philosophy and
    ethics
  • Girls were taught homemaking skills
  • Sparta
  • Boys at age 7 they were taken from their parents
    and taught the art of war
  • Had to steal to survive
  • At age 20 they entered the military
  • At age 20 they were able to marry
  • Girls at age 7 they were reading and writing,
    gymnastics, athletics and survival skills

https//www.youtube.com/watch?vjEItBM1dc9oindex
3listPL81F6B724AB8DF90D
13
Role of Women
  • Sparta
  • Girls were educated
  • Could participate in sports
  • Goal was to produce healthy babies
  • Married at 18
  • Enjoyed a great deal of freedom
  • Could own and control their property
  • Expected to protect land while husband was at war
  • Athens
  • Women were kept at home
  • Could not participate in athletics/plays/etc
  • Some women held high posts at religious ceremonies

14
Cultural Achievement
  • Sparta
  • Military supremacy
  • Simple lifestyle/Respect to women
  • ideal community
  • Athens
  • Art
  • Sculptures
  • Pottery
  • Architecture
  • Drama
  • Literature
  • Philosophy
  • Science
  • Medicine
  • Mathematics
  • Democracy

15
Food
  • Sparta
  • Spartan Broth pork, blood, salt, vinegar
  • Trained to dislike luxuries and fancy food
  • Men lived separate from wives for much of the time
  • Athens
  • Enjoyed food from all over the empire
  • Trade brought goods from all over the
    Mediterranean region

16
Discussion
  • If you were a young teenage girl of the citizen
    class, in which city-state would you rather live?
    Why?
  • If you were a slave, in which would you rather
    live? Why?
  • If you were a boy of the citizen class, in which
    would you rather live? Why?
  • If you were a young soldier, in which would you
    rather live? Why?
  • If you were a very wealthy person of the citizen
    class, in which would you rather live? Why?
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