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The Spanish American War, 1898

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The Spanish American War, 1898 Spanish Empire in the Caribbean: Background Beginning in 1492, Spain was the first European nation to sail westward across the Atlantic ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Spanish American War, 1898


1
The Spanish American War, 1898
2
Spanish Empire in the Caribbean Background
  • Beginning in 1492, Spain was the first European
    nation to sail westward across the Atlantic
    Ocean, explore, and colonize the Amerindian
    nations of the Western Hemisphere.
  • At its greatest extent, the empire that resulted
    from this exploration extended from Virginia on
    the eastern coast of the United States south to
    Tierra del Fuego at the tip of South America
    excluding Brazil and westward to California and
    Alaska. Across the Pacific, it included the
    Philippines and other island groups.

3
  • By 1825 much of this empire had fallen into other
    hands and in that year, Spain acknowledged the
    independence of its possessions in the
    present-day United States (then under Mexican
    control) and south to the tip of South America.
  • The only remnants that remained in the empire in
    the Western Hemisphere were Cuba and Puerto Rico
    and across the Pacific in Philippine Islands, and
    the Carolina, Marshall, and Mariana Islands
    (including Guam) in Micronesia.

4
Spanish Empire in the Caribbean Cuba
  • Following the liberation from Spain of mainland
    Latin America, Cuba was the first to initiate its
    own struggle for independence.
  • As early as 1868, Cuban rebels fought against
    Spanish rule
  • 1895 Cuban revolutionary / poet Jose Marti dies

5
Spanish Empire in the Caribbean US interests
  • Economic interests extend well before 1898
  • 1878 American sugar interests bought up large
    tracts of land in Cuba
  • 1898 the U.S. had more than 50 million invested
    in Cuba and annual trade, mostly in sugar, was
    worth twice that much
  • 1896 Sp. Gen. Valeriano Weyler (the
    Butcher).. Reconcentration

6
Spanish Empire in the Caribbean Yellow Journalism
William Randolph Hearst
Vs.
Joseph Pulitzer
7
Spanish Empire in the Caribbean US interests
  • USS Maine
  • (Feb 15, 1898)

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16
Spanish-American War Results
  • A Splendid little war! -Ambassador John Hay
  • Treaty of Paris December 10, 1898 established
    the independence of Cuba, ceded Puerto Rico and
    Guam to the United States, and allowed the
    victorious power to purchase the Philippines
    Islands from Spain for 20 million.
  • The war had cost the United States 250 million
    and 3,000 lives, of whom 90 had perished from
    infectious diseases.

17
Essential Question To what extent is American
expansionism characterized by a series of
incidents and not the pursuit of a foreign policy?
  • Argument Series of Incidents
  • Rationale?
  • Supporting Argument?
  • Evidence?
  • Argument Pursuit of Foreign Policy
  • Rationale?
  • Supporting Argument?
  • Evidence?
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